Treatment of sinusitis requires an integrated approach!
Mar 15, 2018
If the patient develops sinusitis - treatment of this disease should use all the achievements of modern medicine, which allows you to cure the disease and avoid its recurrence and chronization of the process. I must say that there are many drugs for the treatment of sinusitis, but it is important in time to seek medical help, and not engage in self-medication.
With the development of this pathology, the patient's own bacterial flora is involved in the inflammatory process. The effect of microorganisms provokes the development of edema and inflammatory changes, which reduces protection from infections that occur more severely and are less amenable to therapy. So, in rare cases, sinusitis can cause damage to the bones of the facial skull or brain envelopes, which is why modern methods of treating sinusitis are aimed at stopping pathogenetic processes even at the primary stages of the development of the disease.
The main causes and manifestations of sinusitis
The basis for the development of sinusitis is the blockage of the sinuses of the nose, which can be observed, for example, in colds, allergies, nasal polyps or curvature of the nasal septum. Factors that reduce the resistance of the mucous membrane include smoking, inhalation of cold, air polluted by various chemical impurities, bathing in dirty water and the habit of diving, sudden changes in atmospheric pressure.
In addition, people who take drugs that weaken the immune system, the risk of getting sinusitis increases several times, and the treatment of sinusitis in this case lasts longer. The clinical manifestations of sinusitis are similar in many ways to cold symptoms:
- fever, sometimes cough;
- nasal congestion;
- serous or serous-purulent discharge;
- headache with localization in forehead;
- changes the sense of smell.
It should be noted that in cases where the discharge from the nose becomes a yellow-green color and gets an unpleasant putrefactive odor, and the cold does not pass within a week with proper treatment, you should see a doctor. Treatment of genyantritis with folk remedies in this case can only do much harm.
In addition, the reason for going to the doctor is pain and a feeling of pressure in the upper half of the head, which is accompanied by a strong runny nose and putrefactive odor from the mouth, as well as a headache. It does not subside for a long time and does not decrease when taking painkillers, accompanied by nosebleeds and high fever. These symptoms indicate a progression of the inflammatory process, which can be eliminated only after passing the course of treatment with antritis antibiotics.
Diagnosis of sinusitis and the principles of its treatment during pregnancy
To determine the nature and extent of the disease, the most commonly used radiography of the sinuses of the nose. It is worth noting that this method of diagnosis can not be used in pregnancy. Pregnant women are allowed to carry out only a medical-diagnostic puncture of the paranasal sinuses. It must be remembered - how to treat sinusitis during pregnancy should be determined only by an experienced medical specialist, and attention should be paid not only to the correct purpose and selection of antibiotics, but also other drugs used for symptomatic therapy of the disease.
Genyantritis, which develops during pregnancy, is dangerous not only for the mother, but also for the fetus, especially in the first months of pregnancy, when the tissue and organs are being laid, so timely diagnosis of this pathology is very important.
Treatment of sinusitis in pregnant women has certain characteristics. So, drugs that are often prescribed for this pathology, when bearing a child are contraindicated.
For the purification of the sinuses of the nose, in this case, the suction of pus is carried out with a special sterile needle, followed by the administration of antibiotics only of local action. In sinusitis, nasal sprays are often used that have a vasoconstrictive effect, for example, Otilin or Pharmazoline. These drugs can not be prescribed during pregnancy, so use a nose wash with salt, antiseptic or herbal preparations that are safe for the fetus.
I must say that the treatment of odontogenic sinusitis, which is quite common in pregnant women, requires consultation of a dentist. Therapy of inflammation of the maxillary sinuses in pregnant women can also include taking antihistamines and drugs that dilute the contents of the sinuses( for example, Sinupret).
Prolonged treatment of genyantritis at home without consulting a doctor can provoke a number of serious complications, so at the first symptoms of this disease you should consult a doctor who prescribes therapy according to the etiology of inflammation and taking into account the intensity of pathological changes in the nasal sinuses. With a pronounced inflammatory process, antibiotics are often prescribed.
To date, there are many pharmacological drugs that can eliminate sinusitis in just a few days. Such preparations include, for example, Sietrolide or Macroben. To facilitate breathing, vasoconstrictive drops may be prescribed - Nazol, Galazoline or Otrivin. Treatment of allergic antritis must necessarily include antiallergic agents( Tavegil, Suprastin, Claritin or Zirtek).
A good therapeutic effect gives a sinus puncture with rinsing with saline solution and the subsequent introduction of a solution of dioxidine that prevents re-accumulation of pus. Physiotherapy is also used in treatment. Usually sessions of solux or UHF are assigned.
It is worth noting that the chronic form of the disease requires more prolonged therapy. In some cases, the operation is shown.
Surgical treatment of sinusitis consists in making a hole between the maxillary sinus and the nasal cavity in the wall of the upper jaw, the puncture site being located slightly below the natural opening of this nose of the sinus, through which the pathological secret drains into the pharynx. After this manipulation, the rehabilitation period is approximately 14 days. It is worth noting that in modern medicine, comprehensive therapy with the use of endoscopic equipment, as well as laser treatment of sinusitis, is becoming widely used.
It should be remembered that in cases when the inflammatory process develops only in one of the sinuses of the nose, the disease can also be characterized by a severe course and need complex therapy, and if untimely treatment is provoked severe complications. This is why the treatment of left sided sinusitis or inflammation of the right sinuses of the nose should include a full set of therapeutic measures that are directed at eliminating inflammatory changes, improving drainage and outflow of pus.
When severe intoxication patients must comply with bed rest, and at a temperature exceeding 38 ° C, shows the intake of antipyretic and analgesic agents, which include aspirin or paracetamol. To increase the effectiveness of pharmacological therapy, the treatment of sinusitis with a laser is used, which effectively cleans the nasal sinuses with a minimal level of trauma, which significantly shortens the duration of the recovery period even with severe inflammation.
Do not think that sinusitis is an easy and safe disease that only manifests itself in a strong runny nose or headache, because the inflammatory process can easily transfer to the structures of the brain and even cause a general infection of the body( sepsis).Modern medicine has proved that the treatment of maxillary sinusitis, timely diagnosis and prevention of this disease are today the priority directions in the work of doctors, since it occupies an important place in the epidemiology of diseases of the ENT organs.