Useful and medicinal properties of the Siberian runoff( Siberian Seneg)
Jun 20, 2018
Perennial small herbaceous plant with a vertically located rhizome, passing at the bottom into a single, unbranched root. Stems numerous, thin, low, more or less bushy, short-billed( short-bumpy).The lower leaves are elliptical, pointed or blunt, the rest are lanceolate. Flower brushes axillary, less often apical, unilateral, sparse. Lower flowers on drooping pedicels. Narrow leaves green with
whitish-filmy edges. Corolla pale violet or bluish. Fruit is a two-cavity, broad flattened capsule.
Distributed in the forest-steppe and steppe zones in almost all areas of Western and Eastern Siberia.
Grows on open limestone, turfy, less often stony slopes of hills and low mountains, on steppe meadows.
At the Siberian terminal, the narrow-leafed desert is very similar, differing only in naked, narrow, linear, pointed, almost vertically standing leaves and a blue color of flowers.
The medicinal raw materials of both species are the roots, which are excavated in the autumn and shaken from the ground, do not wash with water - they are cut into pieces. The roots of both species of silt contain saponins( especially many in Siberian where they are found in the aerial part), glycosides( senegin and polyligalic acid belonging to saponins), fatty oil, valeric acid, salicylic acid methyl ester, tannins, etc..
Roots have an active expectorant effect and serve as a valuable substitute for Senegia. Decoction of the roots is prescribed for acute and chronic diseases of the lungs and upper respiratory tract, especially with chronic bronchitis, as well as bronchial asthma, lung abscesses and rinsing with laryngitis. Steady drugs do not cause side effects and do not possess the property of cumulation.
It is established that, in addition to the expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect, rats increase the tone of the smooth muscles of the intestine. This is justified in its use in folk medicine, not only for various diseases of the lungs and upper respiratory tract, but also for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, especially with mucous diarrhea and catarrh of the stomach and intestines.
Lotion from decoction of roots or infusion of grass is recommended for carbuncles and skin inflammation.
Infusion of roots: 1 teaspoon of raw material is insisted 4 hours in cold boiled water and drink half a cup 3-4 times a day before meals.
For rinses - 1-2 tbsp.spoons 4-5 times a day with laryngitis.