Tumors of the eye - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.
Jun 14, 2018
Eye tumors are neoplasms associated with increased cell division. Tumors can be benign or malignant, and also occur primarily in the organ of vision or have a metastatic origin. The most common are tumors of the adnexa of the eye( eyelids, lacrimal glands).
The main neoplasms have the following localization: eyelids, conjunctiva, choroid, optic nerve, lacrimal gland and orbit. There are benign( grow slowly without germination in neighboring tissues, do not metastasize) and malignant( characterized by rapid invasive growth with the germination of neighboring organs and tissues, as well as the formation of metastases).There are tumors from various tissues of the eye and adnexa: skin, muscles, glandular, lymphoid tissue, vascular tumors, for example, hemangioma, embryonic tissue( retinoblastoma), glial tissue( astrocytoma), etc.
Causes of eye tumors
The causes of tumors are manifold:exposure to physical, chemical factors, radiation radiation, maternity injuries, chronic infections, poor nutrition with a high content of preservatives, fried foods, genetic predisposition, etc.
most common symptoms of eyelid tumors that may be needed to see a doctor, are: the emergence of a variety of tumors in the eyelids, especially if they grow, itch, bleed, change color and shape.
In conjunctival tumors, there may be slight hyperemia of the mucosa, the appearance of a malignancy from pink to black, spontaneous bleeding is possible, visual acuity may decrease with the cornea.
Intraocular tumors for a long time have an asymptomatic course, they are often detected during preventive examinations. The main signs are a local change in the color of the iris and the shape of the pupil, when germination in the angle of the anterior chamber there are symptoms of glaucoma, visual impairment, the causes of which may be lens dislocation, neoplasm of the choroid and retina. Tumors of the orbit are manifold. Visual signs are the widening of the eye gap, exophthalmus, which can not be repositioned, the limitation of eye movements, painful sensations in the orbit and head, and swelling of the eyelids.
If any of the symptoms appear, you need to see a doctor.
Doctor ophthalmologist Letyuk T.Z.