Useful and medicinal properties of the mountaineer pepper( pepper water, dyukop)

  • Useful and medicinal properties of the mountaineer pepper( pepper water, dyukop)

    Annual herbaceous plant 30-60 cm high. Stems often reddish, erect, branched. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, narrowed at both ends, wavy along the rim;stipules merged into a filmy mouth - the vagina. Flowers are small, greenish-pink, collected in narrow rare brushes. Fruits - nuts are black, flat with one and convex on the other side. Blossoms from July to September.

    grows on the shores of shallow water bodies, streams and streams, along moist meadows and swamps.

    Medicinal raw materials are grass, collected during flowering;cut plants at a height of 10-15 cm from the ground, dried in the shade, outdoors or in dryers.

    Shelf life 2 years. It is stored in a dry environment in compliance with the rules for storing poisonous plants.

    When collecting water peppers it is necessary to distinguish it from other species of highlanders, often growing together - a mountaineer of amphibian and mountaineer rough, which differ from water pepper with thick spicate inflorescences, pink, white or light green flowers. The main difference between water pepper and other species of mountaineer is the burning taste of the leaves( peppery).

    The grass contains flavonol derivatives: ram-nosin, isoramnit, rutin, quercetrine, hyperoside, quercetin, kaempferol, glycoside polygene, tannins, essential oil, formic, valeric and acetic acids, phytosaline.

    Highlander pepper has a good hemostatic effect, it reduces vascular permeability, increases blood clotting, tones the muscles of the uterus, has a calming effect on the nervous system.

    Currently, water pepper is used as a hemostatic agent in case of heavy monthly and hemorrhoidal hemorrhages in the form of broths and liquid extract. It is a part of anti-hemorrhoidal mixtures "Anestezol".

    In folk medicine, preparations from the mountaineer pepper are used as a softening agent in the form of cataplasm( poultice) in pustulous skin diseases, as an analgesic for liver disease, for rinsing, and as a sedative for nervous diseases, stomach ulcer, and malaria.

    Freshly crushed leaves of mountaineer peppery replace the mustard plaster, they are applied, for example, to the nape of the nose or headache as a distraction;when toothache is done rinsing, diluting the juice from the leaves in a ratio of 1:10, fresh juice pour the wounds.


    Tincture 25%: for alcohol - 1-20 drops, for vodka - 30-40 drops three to four times a day( hemostatic).

    Decoction: 15 g per 200 ml, 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times daily before meals with kidney and bladder disease.

    Extract: a decoction( 15 g per 200 ml), thickened to half;take 1 tsp 3 times a day.