Symptoms of blepharitis, as well as its causes and types
Mar 15, 2018
What is blepharitis. Blepharitis is a whole group of various eye diseases, which is accompanied by inflammation of the edges of the age of a chronic nature.
This disease has many different causes of onset, which are not always relevant to ophthalmology. But, nevertheless, the manifestations have similarities.
Causes and symptoms of
disease Blepharitis causes the following:
- presence of nearsightedness or farsightedness;
- tick-borne lesions of the eyelids or other parasitic diseases;
- weakening of the immune system;
- deficiency of vitamins in the body;
- disorders of the endocrine system( diabetes mellitus);
- taking certain medications;
- presence of bad habits( smoking, alcohol);
- pathology of the gastrointestinal tract;
- stressful situations.
Symptoms of the disease
Blepharitis symptoms may occur with varying degrees of severity. Blepharitis symptoms with mild disease:
- barely noticeable edema along the edges of the eyelids and insignificant hyperemia;
- occurrence at roots of eyelashes of small and easily separated scales;
- occurrence of mild itching of the eyelids;
- eyelashes are sometimes lost;
- sensation of severity of eyelids;
- tear of the eyes and their rapid fatigue;
- the presence of sensitivity to various stimuli: wind, dust, bright light.
Symptoms of blepharitis in severe disease:
- formation of purulent crusts along the edge of the eyelid;
- subsequently the occurrence of ulcers with a bleeding surface;
- there is an abnormal growth of eyelashes and a twist or turn of the century itself;
- frequent loss of eyelashes with a weak growth rate of new eyelashes.
Blepharitis is divided into several species depending on the characteristics and conditions of its occurrence.
Demodectic blepharitis is caused by an iron mite that parasitizes in the meibomian and sebaceous glands of the eyelids, as well as in the hair follicles. Demodecosis is manifested in every third person of middle age from thirty to forty years.
Demodectic blepharitis occurs due to:
- chronic diseases of the digestive system;
- of diabetes;
- foci of foci of infection;
- presence of allergic reactions of the body.
The tick enters the ciliary follicles. Between the eyelashes accumulate peeling epithelial cells. At the roots of the eyelashes there are cylindrical couplings, which gradually increase.
To detect the tick take from every century four to six eyelashes, put them on a pre-wetted drop of water slide and examine under a light microscope at a small magnification.
Scaly blepharitis is also called simple. It is characterized by the accumulation of numerous small dry or greyish gray-yellow scales at the roots of the eyelashes.
Scales appear due to painful skin peeling of the eyelid edge. At the same time there is a thickened and reddened edge of the century. In most cases, this type of blepharitis develops in the presence of dandruff on the skin of the head.
Another name for scaly blepharitis is seborrhea. Seborrheic blepharitis develops in diseases associated with follicles of the eyelashes and glands. Symptoms of this ailment are as follows:
- redness of the eyes;
- thickening of the eyelids;
- narrowing of the glottis;
- sensation of itching;
- accumulation of white, yellow or gray scales at the base of the eyelashes;
- high photosensitivity up to the fear of light.
When you remove the accumulated scales, you can even see the vessels. More often than not, people experience severe anguish due to excessive eye fatigue.
Allergic blepharitis is characterized by inflammation of the edge of the eyelids as a result of exposure to allergic factors. For example, medicines, perfumes, cosmetics for the eyes and eyelids. Also very often this type of disease is caused by such irritants as plant pollen, dust, household chemicals.
Acute its form begins suddenly:
- edema of the eyelids;
- in the eyes;
- mucous discharge from the eyes;
- itching eyelids;
As a rule, both eyes are affected. In chronic form, there is a strong, sometimes unbearable itch of the eyelids.
How and what to treat the disease?
How to treat blepharitis? The treatment of blepharitis is difficult and time-consuming. First of all, it is necessary to identify and eliminate the cause of the disease so that its relapses do not occur, despite the treatment being carried out. Blepharitis treatment is the treatment of specific drugs, depending on the cause that caused the disease.
Blepharogel No. 2, Demalan and other medications are used to treat demodectic blepharitis. Also recommend hygienic care for centuries. Before going to bed it is important to constantly lubricate the eyelid edges with ocular hydrocortisone - PIC 2. 5% ointment of dexa-gentamicin.
For the treatment of scaly or seborrheic blepharitis, hygiene of the eyelids is important. Prescribe to lubricate the edges of the eyelids with one percent ophthalmic ointment hydrocortisone, and in severe cases 2. 5 percent ointment.
Treatment of allergic blepharitis includes long-term use of antiallergic eye drops and eyelid bleeding with anti-inflammatory corticosteroid ophthalmic ointment.
Blepharitis in a child
Blepharitis in a child manifests itself following signs:
- swelling and swelling of the eyelids;
- excessive lash loss;
- redness of the eyes;
- is an irritation under the lower eyelid.
Blepharitis in a child is treated with antibiotics. With allergic blepharitis the eyelids are washed with warm water and soap. In advanced stages, when there is peeling of the scalp around the eyes and eyebrows, apply a special cream or shampoo.
We wish that you never faced such problems on your life path, and when they emerged they quickly won over them. Strong to you health!