Mar 14, 2018
Rhoicissus capensis( Cissus capensis)
Family. Vine - Vitaceae
Homeland - South Africa.
Evergreen vine with a tuberous underground stalk. The length of the above-ground pubescent shoots reaches 5 m. The leaves are simple intact or 3-5-lobed almost deltoid, resemble a leaf of the grapes, rarely serrate, 15 cm long, 18 cm wide, glossy, dark green above, white pubescent with clearly prominent veins.
Small nondescript flowers collected in a paniculate inflorescence. In the rooms blooms rarely, black and red fruits are very decorative.
Courtship. Roicisus needs diffuse light, from direct sunlight it is pritenyayut. In summer the temperature is 20-23 ° C, in winter - not lower than 18 ° C.The watering is moderate, in winter rare, as during the period of relative dormancy the risk of rotting of the tuberous rhizome increases when the substrate is waterlogged. Roicisus well tolerates dry air, while at the same time responds well to spraying.
As a substrate use a mixture of humus, turf, leaf, peat soil and sand, drainage - crushed stone or expanded clay. From April to September, feed once a month, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers. Transplanted in the spring.
If non-compliance with the conditions of cultivation, signs of non-communicable diseases appear. The tips of the leaves twist and dry out, the leaves appear dark dead spots with low humidity. Too copious watering leads to wilting and falling leaves. The lack of nutrients( especially nitrogen) causes a decrease in the size and thickness of the leaf blade, the intensity of the color decreases.
The most commonly affected is a mealybug, spider mite, aphids.
Propagate Roicisass in spring or summer cuttings, which are cut out from long last year's shoots. Sheet plates are shortened or folded into a tube, the cut is treated with phytohormones and rooted in a mixture of peat and sand.
Roicisus is strengthened on supports in the form of a fan, a hoop, on a tray of any shape and used as dividing "green walls" for the functional division of premises. In compositions. He is in harmony with the dracenium, cordillin, sheffler, ferns.