Useful and medicinal properties of Scots pine
Jun 03, 2018
A tree up to 25-30 m tall with a straight trunk, a reddish bark, at the base of a dark brown, tarry, separated by thin plates. The branches are located higher or lower along the trunk, forming a pyramidal crown in young specimens or wide in the old ones. Buds are resinous, densely covered with brown scales, leaf-needles 4-6 cm long, semicylindrical, in bundles of 2 pieces. Flowers are glabrous, monocotyledonous. Men consist of 2 stamens, sitting on sporelistics, which are collected in a cone. Female - are represented by two seeds on sporelistics, also collected in cones. The pine tree blooms in May-June. Blooms at the age of 15 and later.
Pine is a forest-forming species of coniferous and mixed forests.
Medicinal raw materials are pine buds, spring shoots and needles.
In folk medicine, young shoots, male inflorescences with unsprayed pollen or pollen, young female( red) cones of the first year, gum and products made from pine: turpentine, tar, rosin, wood vinegar, as well as natural pineresin( its grains).
Pine buds are harvested in early spring, when they are just beginning to swell and the covering flakes are still tightly pressed to the kidney. These kidneys are cut with a knife along with the crown( 4-5 shoots).Kidneys are the ends of young spring leaf shoots. They are dried in the open air under a canopy, in the attics of the STORKS, they contain essential oil, tannins, bitter substance( pinicrine), phytoncides, mineral salts, vitamin C and turpentine.
The needles are harvested from young branches at any time. The needles contain ascorbic acid( 0.1-0.3%), tannins( 5%), insignificant quantity of lactate, phytoncides, and essential oil( up to 1.3%).
Seeds contain fatty oils. Anthocyanins are contained in the needles and bark.
From the trunks, by means of the cutting, a gum is obtained, which gives turpentine, rosin, resin when distilling. The resin is collected directly from the trees, where it accumulates between the bark and the wood, and also stands out in the affected parts of the trunk. Grains, or "grains," are collected in boxes.
Pine kidneys are used in scientific medicine in the form of decoction, infusions and tinctures for inhalation, as an expectorant, disinfecting in diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
In addition, the pine buds are part of the breast collection, and the infusion and extract from them and from pine needles are used to make coniferous baths as a soothing nervous system. Concentrate and infusion of needles are valuable sources of vitamin C, they are used for the prevention and treatment of scurvy.
Turpentine is obtained from the plant, which is widely used externally in the form of liniments and ointments as an irritant.
is a digestive and distracting agent for neuralgia, gout, as well as for inhalation in the catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and chronic lung diseases, as a deodorant and antimicrobial agent. Turpentine is prepared from turpentine, widely used as an expectorant.
The tar produced from pine has an annoying, keratoplastic, disinfectant and insecticidal effect, its preparations are applied externally for the treatment of skin diseases: eczema, scaly lichen, scabies, etc.
Rosin and turpentine are used for the preparation of patches and ointments used as trituratingneuralgia, myositis, radiculitis, rheumatism, gout as a local irritating and distracting remedy.
In folk medicine, a decoction of kidneys( cones) is widely used as a blood-improving agent( inward), as an expectorant for bronchitis, rheumatism, edema, diuretic and choleretic;for inhalation( inhalation of water decoction vapors) with inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.
Alcohol tincture from pine buds is recommended for use in pulmonary tuberculosis.
Needles( branches and cones) are harvested at any time of the year. Decoction of needles is used in the form of baths for rickets and gout.
Turpentine is used for rubbing with rheumatism( rheumatic pains), gout and neuralgia;inhale a decoction or infusion from the kidneys with putrefactive bronchitis.
The needles are taken orally in the form of a decoction or a real cone in case of excessive female bleeding and scurvy.
Pine resin is a turpentine contained within a tree and hardened when separated as a result of oxidation and drying. It is collected directly from trees, where it accumulates between the bark and the wood of thick roots, and also stands out in the affected parts of the trunk. Grains, or "grains" of resin about
is treated( 5-6 grains per reception 2 times a day) as an expectorant.
Young shoots, male inflorescences with undisturbed pollen or pollen insist on alcohol, brew in boiling water or insist with boiling milk, add honey, butter, sometimes eggs and drink with pulmonary tuberculosis, freshly flowing resin( gum) poured with water and put in the sun,after 9 days of sludge drink with pulmonary tuberculosis.
Young female( red) cones insist on vodka or water and drink with pains in the heart, green cones of the first year, infused with vodka, used with high blood pressure, like hemostatic. Kidneys, infused with vodka, are used for gastritis, liver disease, make baths from needles, brew pollen like tea and drink with rheumatism;gum, pork fat, sugar cook together and this ointment is lubricated by wounds, grease poured into wounds;the upper yellow film from the bark of the branches is applied to wounds, chirjas.
Young shoots, resin, fused with resin, used for pulmonary tuberculosis, grease-resin grease cracks in hands, feet, pollen, wounds fall asleep.
Broth of the kidneys of the pine 1:10 - for inhalation with angina and catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.
Decoction or infusion of the kidney: 10 g per 200 ml;2 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day, or 1 glass during the day( expectorant, diaphoretic).
Infusion of needles: 20 g per 200 ml;infuse for 1-3 hours;2 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.