Jun 01, 2018
Oats is a genus of plants from the family of Cereals, or Majestic( Roseaceae).This genus includes almost 40 species, which grow mainly in the countries of the Old World with a temperate climate( in the Americas, oats are not so common).
Oats - an annual plant with an inflorescence in the form of a panicle;very unpretentious, can grow on almost any soil, with the exception of sand and lime.
"At the dawn of agriculture" oats were considered a weed( as well as rye) and littered the crops of wheat and barley. However, in the northern regions, he gradually replaced the capricious queen-wheat, and approximately from II millennium BC.e.oats began to cultivate, that is, it acquired the status of a cultivated plant. It is believed that this happened in Northeast China and Mongolia.
Most types of oats have grains covered with dense scales. These scales are removed during the mechanical processing of grains, when the oats turn into cereals. As a result, the germ of grain is damaged and such grains can not ascend.
But there are also so-called holozernye types of oats, their grains lie freely between the scales and do not require mechanical treatment. Such grains retain their integrity fa thus "survivability."It is these grains that can be germinated and receive a valuable product - the Sprites.
Soon after people "met" with oats, they discovered in it not only food, but also medicinal properties. Already in Ancient Greece the grain of oats was used for medicinal purposes: liquid oatmeal - from constipation, slimy broth - from cough, grain - for compresses.
Oats contain very powerful enzymes, which the famous Russian physiologist IP Pavlov called "the real causative agents of life."These enzymes promote the absorption of fats in the intestine, carbohydrates, have a beneficial effect on the liver, pancreas and even the thyroid gland.
Oats can be eaten raw: soak for half an hour in water or warm milk and add to taste almonds, raisins, grated apple or honey. Natural therapy recommends oats to women after childbirth and hyperactive children. This is an important component of nutrition in diabetes mellitus. Oats regulate acidity in the body. It is useful for inflammatory diseases of the stomach and intestines, as well as for ulcers. It is difficult to find any contraindications for oats.
Dishes from oatmeal or oat flakes come in almost any medical diet, as they have an enveloping effect, due to which they protect the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, oats very well removes harmful salts from the body( for example, salts of heavy metals), that is, oats have just cleansing properties. True, in this case, useful salts are also derived( in particular, calcium), which is natural, since neither oats nor any other agent with such an effect can "choose" which salts to excrete and which do not. That's why do not sit too long on a purely oatmeal diet;in ready dishes from oats it is recommended to add foods rich in calcium. For more information about the useful properties of oats, see here.
Chemical composition and medicinal properties of
Oat grain contains a high amount of starch, fats, protein, as well as amino acids and minerals. Oats contain sterols, steroid saponins, gum, organic acids( oxalic, malonic, erucic), coumarin scopoletin, vanillin glycoside, vitamin E, B1, B2, B3, A.
. Clinical experiments have shown that oat seed reduces cholesterol andlipids in the blood. Oats more than other cereals are rich in phospholipids - this is the "building material" for cellular membranes of nervous tissue.
Proteins of cereals have lipotropic properties - this allows them to be used in therapeutic nutrition in diseases of the heart and liver. Oat grains are widely used in cholagogue collections. Mucous otas decoctions are used in the treatment of viral hepatitis.
Green grass for therapeutic activity is not inferior to grain. Infusion of a green plant - an effective diaphoretic, diuretic and antipyretic, regulates also metabolic processes in the heart muscle and nervous tissue. Preparations from straw and raw grain increase the protective and regenerative functions of the skin, contribute to the elimination of inflammation of nerve endings. Thanks to a combination of biologically active substances, and primarily vitamin B3, oats preparations produce positive lasting results in the fight against chronic skin lesions - eczema, dermatitis, and diathesis in children. And they "work" not only in the cells of the skin, but also lower the sensitivity of the body( desensitizing effect), prevent the occurrence of allergic reactions.
In scientific medicine oatmeal is considered a dietary product for convalescents. Broth of oats with honey is a good refreshing and nutritious remedy for people weakened after debilitating illnesses and serious injuries( for example, with burn disease).
Oatmeal is also used as an enveloping agent for acute inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract. All kinds of oatmeal, if boiled by a certain technology, give a large amount of mucous broth. Together with milk, this broth is included in the strictest diets with gastric diseases - gastritis, enterocolitis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum. And the oatmeal is prepared as a nutritious dietary and enveloping agent for stomach and intestinal disorders. In addition, mucous decoctions of oatmeal wholemeal are included as an additional remedy for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. Oats also help with atony - insufficient intestinal peristalsis.
For chronic lead poisoning, meals from oatmeal without milk are introduced into the diet.
Complex of vitamins of group B and other biologically active substances of oats have a beneficial effect on the work of the nervous system. Infusion of herbs
perfectly helps with chronic physical and mental fatigue, asthenic conditions, neuroses, sleep disorders.
Daily inclusion in the diet of oatmeal( in raw form and in the form of porridge) - helps to lower the level of cholesterol in the blood. They contain a spongy, soluble dietary fiber that absorbs substances that form cholesterol and removes them from the body.
In addition, due to the high magnesium content, oatmeal dishes prevent the formation of blood clots in the vessels. Therefore, in the diet of patients with the threat of thrombosis with ischemic heart disease, hypertensive disease, with thrombophlebitis and after heart surgery it is useful to include dishes from oat, oatmeal, oatmeal, bran.
In folk medicine, oats are used quite widely, not just grain, but straw. Homeopaths also recognize the healing properties of this cereal, especially in the form of essences from fresh plants.
A decoction of oat straw in a mixture with oak bark is used for baths with excessive sweating of the feet. These same broths treat urolithiasis, diabetes, flatulence( increased formation of gases in the intestine).
According to some reports, oats stimulate the smooth muscles of the uterus, helps with infertility and impotence.
You see how many specific areas of our body, which in case of illness this cereal helps. But it also acts on our body as a whole: it strengthens immunity, normalizes metabolism, helps purify all systems, slows down aging. The most striking feature of oats is its versatility;this means that practically the same agent can simultaneously put in order several systems - and cardiovascular, and nervous, and digestive.
First of all, diaphoretic, diuretic and antipyretic effects of oats preparations are used. To this end, take 30-40 grams of oat straw, cut, insist 2 hours in 1 liter of boiling water. Take 0.5 cup 3 times a day.
As an antipyretic, oatmeal is also prepared: 1 glass of grain is thoroughly washed and poured 1 liter of boiling water, boiled to half the original volume. Filter and add 2 tablespoons of honey to the broth. Take 0.5 cup 3 times a day.
But oats also make it easier to move away from sputum, helps to get rid of a painful cough. Oats broth treat even severe pneumonia, and also rinse the throat with pharyngitis, laryngitis, chronic tonsillitis.
Pouches with heated grain warm up the painful areas with sinusitis and runny nose.
Oat broth is prepared very simply.
Oatmeal is useful in many gastrointestinal diseases: with sluggish digestion, constipation, decreased acidity of gastric juice, with flatulence.
It is also recommended to drink with low blood pressure, but with hypertension, perhaps not worth it: oatmeal kissel has a tonic effect and can trigger an increase in blood pressure.
Oat pudding can be prepared in several ways.temperature
Oat milk is a tasty and healthy drink, especially recommended for lactating women for lactation( and also for their children from the age of 4-5 months).BREATHING
When overworked, insomnia, nervous exhaustion
Alcohol tincture of fresh oat grass greens: and 5 parts of grass take 1 part of alcohol, infuse 7-10 days. Take tincture of 20-30 drops in a dessert spoon of water 3-4 times a day.
For exacerbations of chronic inflammatory diseases, as well as for depression of
Mix oat flakes( 20 g flakes per 200 ml of water), 50 g sugar or 25 g honey, 25 g glucose, 50 g cranberries grated, 0.3 g ascorbic acid,2-4 teaspoons of lemon juice or 0.5 g of citric acid, 2 tablets of asparkam( a preparation containing potassium and magnesium).Take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day before meals.
To remove edema, including internal
Mix 10 grains of oats, 10 hop seeds, 10 g of birch buds( can be cut in half with birch leaf), 10 g of horsetail, 10 g of grass, acridic acid. Blend pour 1 liter of vodka and insist 10 days in a dark place. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
This course of treatment can be combined with an oat diet( within 3-5 days there is only oatmeal without milk).
If too much menses
2 tablespoons of oatmeal cook in 0.6 liters of water 20 minutes, then add 50 g of chopped parsley root and press for 2 hours;strain. Drink during the day instead of water during menstruation.
This same tool is useful to take and during the menopause.
Oats can be harvested as any medicinal herb, then dried according to the usual rules( preferably under a canopy in sunny weather) and prepare phytopreparations from it. Oats should be collected in the stage of earing, while cutting it at about 20 cm from the top of the panicle.
Types and principles of preparation of phytopreparationsTincture
For insomnia and overwork
Tincture of dry oats: 2 tablespoons of dry oats to pass through a meat grinder, pour 200 g of vodka and insist for 15 days at room temperature. Take 20-30 drops of tincture 2 times a day before meals.
For arthrosis and arthritis
Drink decoctions or infusions of oat straw.
In addition, with diseases of the joints are useful wraps from the decoction of oat straw, which is better done before bed. To do this, we must prepare a decoction of oat straw, soak the sheet in a warm broth and a few diapers( necessarily cotton).It is good to wring out the fabric, fold the sheet four times and, while it is warm, wrap it around the chest, stomach, pelvis. With diapers wrap the hands, feet, ankles. Immediately go to bed, laying an oilcloth, tightly covered with a warm blanket and lie so for 1,5-2 hours. This procedure is done every other day for 1-2 months, but it is possible every day.
Oat straw wraps do not relieve acute pains at once, but every day you will increasingly feel the beneficial effects of this procedure.
When eczema, diathesis in children
Well help with lotion with oatmeal infusion: 2 tablespoons of oat straw pour 200 ml of boiling water, keep on low heat for 5 minutes, then insist 15 minutes and strain. Make lotions on the affected skin.
In the presence of sand in the kidneys( but not stones!)
Mix in equal parts oat straw, corn stigmas, blueberry leaf, wing bean pods, mushroom buzzard. Pour 4 tablespoons of a mixture of 1 liter of warm water, infuse for 10-12 hours. Then boil on low heat for 10 minutes, then insist 4 more hours, drain. Take an incomplete teaspoon every half hour for 3 hours.
Attention: in the presence of kidney stones, self-medication is extremely dangerous!
Foot bath with oat straw broth( according to Sebastian Kneipp)
Straw must be cooked for about half an hour, cool the broth to 31-32 ° C;the procedure lasts 20-30 minutes. When it is required to soften any hardening on the legs, these trays are incomparable. They help with joint rheumatism, gout, calluses, growing nails, water blisters and even with open and suppurating wounds.
Regarding all foot baths: people suffering from cramps in the legs should not take baths above 30 ° C, and legs should be immersed only before the spawn. Warm foot baths without any impurities are not appointed at all.
Fill a large enamel pan with oat straw for 2/3 of the volume, top up the water and bring to a boil. Boil 30 minutes, then infuse for 1 hour. After that, drain the broth and pour into the tub. This bath is good for severe itching. The duration of taking a bath is 15-20 minutes.
With severe cough and shortness of breath
Prepare oatmeal-milk extract: 0.5 oats are poured with 2 liters of milk and tinned in the oven on low heat for 1.5-2 hours. Take one glass a day before going to bed.
Another remedy: 2 tablespoons of oats mixed with the same amount of raisins and pour 1.5 liters of cold boiled water. Cook on a very low heat or stew in the oven under the lid on a low heat until half of the liquid is evaporated. Slightly cool, strain, wring out, add 1 tablespoon of natural honey to the expressed liquid and mix thoroughly. Take 1 tablespoon on several times a day.
Rinse the oats into a saucepan for 2/3 and pour the milk, without filling it with 2 fingers to the top of the pan, cover it with a lid and put it in the oven for a weak heat. Milk add to the extent of boiling to the original volume, until the oats are boiled. Decoction cool, drain, squeeze through gauze. In the resulting liquid, add half the volume of natural honey in a ratio of 2: 1, mix and take 1 tablespoon 3-5 times a day.
These drugs are especially recommended for pneumonia, bronchitis, tracheitis.
1 cup of oatmeal, pour 1 l of water, boil to half the volume, strain, add 2 cups of milk( better goat) to the broth. Take 1 glass 3 times daily before meals.
1 cup of washed oats with a peel pour 1 liter of milk and cook for an hour over low heat. Stretching, drinking hot, you can with butter and honey. It is especially useful to take it for the night, but for a long time the broth can not be stored, since it quickly turns sour. You can give a drink to children.
For pulmonary tuberculosis and chronic pulmonary diseases
Prepare porridge with oats and eleven. Pour oat flakes( 200 g) and crushed in the meat grinder with the roots of elecampane( 50 g), add sugar( 20 g) and salt, cook on low heat in a boiling mixture of water( 2 cups) and milk( 400 g).The oats should be poured into two-thirds of the pan, pour a third of the milk and one finger thick-lather. Boil in the oven, protect under the lid, topping the milk until the croup is boiled. Drain and wring out the liquid part. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
With diseases of urinary system
Decoctions, tinctures, teas and baths with green grass oats have a pronounced diuretic effect. In addition, oats preparations have spasmolytic effect, reduce pain from contractions of the ureter and bladder in urolithiasis and inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system - for example, cystitis. They help and with dropsy of the abdomen, which occurs with kidney diseases.
Prevention of diseases of the urinary system
For this purpose, urologists recommend so-called."Kidney balm".For its preparation, 500 g of whole oats with husks are picked, washed, soaked for an hour and boiled in 3 liters of water over a slow fire for 2 hours. The broth is filtered, add to it 5 tablespoons of honey and 500 ml of low-fat milk. It is recommended to drink about a liter of this composition every day. In the summer, the broth can be drunk cool, and in winter or in cold weather it can be heated.
The drink is high in calories, if you need to follow a low-calorie diet, prepare a balm with less honey and milk, but the proportion of oats and water must be respected when cooking.
To improve the excretory function of the bladder
A glass of oats is brewed in 1 liter of water and evaporated to 1/4 of the original volume. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day. Another way: fill the grain with cold water in a ratio of 1:10, insist a day, strain and take 0.5-1 glass 2-3 times a day before eating. The drink also regulates metabolic processes in the heart muscle and nerve tissue, improves the gallbladder.
Diseases of the kidneys, bladder
For various inflammatory diseases of the excretory system, baths with decoction of oat straw help. In a bucket of boiling water, 300 grams of straw are covered, covered with a lid and insisted for 1 hour. Then filter and pour the infusion into the bath, while the water temperature should be about 37 ° C.Duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. These baths will be useful for rheumatism, gout, metabolic disorders, frostbite, female diseases.
Inside with diseases of the kidneys take a decoction of oats: 1 cup of oatmeal pour 1 liter of water, boil half, drain, add 2 cups of milk, boil for another 20 minutes. Take 1 glass 3 times daily before meals.
Kidney stone disease
Hot compresses from strong decoction of oats are recommended in this disease to facilitate the escape of stones.0.5 kg of oat straw should be boiled in 2 liters of water for 30 minutes over low heat. Make a compress and attach it to the kidneys area before cooling. To achieve the result, the procedure can be repeated several times.
As a diuretic and antispasmodic agent for nephrolithiasis and pyelonephritis, a decoction of fresh straw of oats is recommended: 40 g of chopped straw pour 1 l of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, filter and drink 1 glass 3 times a day.
Helps with kidney and bladder diseases and decoction of whole oat grains: 1 cup of grains are boiled in 4 cups of water in a half bath, add 4 tablespoons of honey, stand on a water bath for 5 more minutes and filter. Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day.
For diseases of the digestive system
Pancreatitis( inflammation of the pancreas), peptic ulcer of the duodenum Oats to sort, soak and put in a warm place. On the second day the grains germinate, they should be grinded with a coffee grinder. After this, dilute the resulting flour with cold water, pour all the boiling water and boil for 1-2 minutes. To insist the drink 20 minutes, then strain and drink fresh( cook in advance it is impossible!).This drug is also recommended for diabetes mellitus.
Stomach ulcer, chronic gastritis( regardless of acidity), chronic hepatitis and pancreatitis
1 cup of washed oats pour 1 liter of distilled water at room temperature, infuse for 10-12 hours, then bring to a boil over low heat and boil for 30 minutes with tightly closedcover. Wrap and insist 12 hours, drain. Then, the volume of broth to a liter is adjusted with distilled water. Take 20-30 minutes before meals, or between meals 3 times a day for 100-150 ml for a month.
Dysfunction of the gallbladder and liver
1 cup of unmasked oats( in a hard shell) thoroughly rinse, pour a liter of water. Infuse 12 hours, boil for 30 minutes under a tightly closed lid on low heat and insist, wrapped, another 10 hours. Drink 1 glass 2-3 times a day before meals. If the liver is generally healthy, it is recommended to take the broth for 2-3 weeks 2 times a year;If the violations are persistent - every 3 months. Improves this tool and the work of the gastrointestinal tract( eliminates constipation with regular application).
To enhance the cleansing effect on the liver before wrapping, you can add to the broth the leaves of black currant and raspberry.
Various liver lesions
Grind 30 g of flowering plants, pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist 2 hours, drain. Take half a glass 4-5 times a day.
Hypertensive disease( initial stage)
Glass of oat grains boil in 1 liter of water half, drain. Take 1 tablespoon several times a day( up to 0.5 glasses).This remedy is recommended after a myocardial infarction.
Broth of oats with milk: 1 cup of oatmeal is covered in 1 liter of boiling water, boil to half the original volume, filter, add 2 cups of milk. Take 1 glass 3 times daily before meals.
To strengthen the heart muscle and blood vessels, lower blood cholesterol levels
Hawthorn juice mixed with broth from oat flakes, add sugar( 4 tablespoons per 1 liter of mixture) and bring to a boil. Drink 0.5-1 glass 2-3 times a day.
Finished preparations and home remedies
Medicinal raw material is the whole plant in different stages of maturity. Whole grains, cereals and oatmeal are cooked with dietary cereals, jelly, fresh herbs( from young shoots to the tops of the stems during the earing period) and straw( fresh or slightly dried), prepare therapeutic teas, infusions, alcohol tinctures, decoctions, bath preparations, compresses and lotions. As an integral part in some recipes are included even husks and roots of oats.
In pharmacology, from oats cook more often extracts and tinctures of green parts of the plant.
The tips of 20 cm long stems are collected in the stage of earing. Dry in dry sunny weather under a canopy or in a dryer at a temperature of 60 ° C.
The most popular of the ready-made pharmacy forms - alcohol tincture of oats - is familiar to many. Recently, this cereal is also included in the biologically active food additives - for example, the product "Oats with dried apricots" is produced. It is recommended as a remedy for diseases of the liver, heart, anemia, hypertension, as well as with constipation, especially senile;diseases of the joints, spine.
Infusion of oats is prepared as follows: the grain is poured with cold water( 1 part of vegetable raw material 10 parts of water), insist for 24 hours, filter. Take 1 / 2-1 glass 2-3 times a day before meals as a diuretic.
Tincture of stems: 2 tablespoons of raw material is ground with a meat grinder, pour in a bottle of dark glass 1 glass of vodka, insist in a warm place for 2 weeks;periodically shake. On readiness filter;take 20-30 drops per 1 tablespoon of water 2-3 times a day before meals, if necessary and more often.
It is recommended to take tincture of oats and for the treatment of , and for preventive purposes:
for nervous system disorders, sleep disorders;
for the prevention of stress with intense physical and psychological stress( for example, students in preparation for exams);
for strengthening immunity in physical and mental overwork;
in case of impaired kidney and liver function;
for chronic slow inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract;
with changes in joints;
for anemia( anemia).
This tincture also has a diaphoretic, diuretic, antipyretic effect.
For diseases of the respiratory system, especially with dry cough( pharyngitis, tonsillitis, etc.), tincture is also used for rinsing.
In addition, the systematic use of tinctures during a period of increased morbidity can protect against influenza and acute respiratory infections.
Juice from fresh green oats plants is used to strengthen the nervous and cardiovascular systems, with nervous exhaustion, heart rhythm disturbances, diabetes, anemia, gastrointestinal diseases, to improve appetite and as a restorative.
Green parts of the plant to pass through a juicer or meat grinder. Take half a cup 2-3 times a day before meals for 2-3 weeks.
Tea from oat seed
Required: 1 tbsp.l.oatmeal or cereal, 2 cups of beer.
Method of preparation. Oatmeal or flakes pour beer. Cook for at least 30 minutes, drain. We advise you to better soak oats or oatmeal from the evening in the beer and cook the next morning.
Method of use. This drug is recommended to drink like tea 2 times a day.