Uporabne in zdravilne lastnosti đurđevka maja
Jun 01, 2018
Perennial herbaceous plant about 20 cm tall. Rhizome white, branchy, long, with bundles of thin roots. The stem is shortened. Leaves basal are broadly lanceolate, smooth, number 1-3.The flower arrow leaves the underground rhizome and carries a one-sided flowering brush. Flowers white, fragrant, drooping. Fruit - a red three-seeded berry. Blooms in May and early June, in floodplain places - weeks 3-4 later.
The whole plant is poisonous!
For therapeutic purposes, flowers, leaves and grass are harvested at the beginning of flowering, cut at a level of 4-5 cm from the ground. Dry the flowers and leaves in the shade, necessarily with good ventilation to prevent their ripening, the leaves are best dried separately in dryers at a temperature of 50-60 degrees for flowers or 30-35 degrees for leaves or in well-ventilated attics.
Finished raw materials: the flowers are yellowish white, the leaves are green, without foreign impurities. Stored raw materials in glass or porcelain jars with lids. Shelf life 1 year.
The active principles of the May lily of the valley are cardiac glycosides - konvalotoksin and konval-lazid;In addition, the May lily of the valley contains
ether, organic acids, asparagine, alkaloid mayal, starch, etc. Glucosides of the May lily of the valley are unstable, rapidly destroyed and not cumulated in the body.
Cardiac glycosides of the May lily of the valley have a normalizing effect on the functions of the neuromuscular apparatus of the heart and hemodynamics, and also possess a general-purpose action. Galenic preparations of the May lily of the valley are used for neuroses and heart failure. The preparation of the May lily of the valley is usually administered in combination with other cardiac or sedative agents. According to clinical observations, the effect is most effective in combining flowers of the lily of the valley with the root of valerian, hawthorn with heart neuroses and other heart diseases.
In folk medicine, preparations of the May lily of the valley are used for heart diseases, nervous diseases, throat, epilepsy, edema, edema, headache, for strengthening the nervous system, as a diuretic, increasing diuresis( urination), with Graves' disease, nervous shock, insomnia, fever and some eye diseases.
As a sedative for various nervous states, shock, insomnia, drugs are more often used in combination with motherwort( the latter is half as small), valerian and hawthorn( equally).
Tincture 15%: 15 drops 2-3 times a day, the highest single dose for adults - 20-23 drops, daily - 45-60 drops.
Broth: 15 g per 200 ml;2 teaspoons 3 times a day.
Infusion: 4 g per 200 ml of boiling water;take 1 tbsp.spoon every 2 hours.
Root powder is used from fever, root tincture - with epilepsy, decoction - with throat diseases.
Especially prized young leaves collected before flowering, and flowers.