Felting out of wool: a master class for beginners - secrets from experienced needlewomen
May 25, 2018
Imagine wool products that appeared before the man invented the yarn and fabric. About 8000 years ago, people noticed that the nap of the animal's hair, when in contact and rubbing, fall off, that is, clinging to each other create a kind of non-woven fabric. And even then the skilled craftswomen began to apply this not artful method, making toys, patterns on canvases, lovely women's trinkets and even clothes. Since then, and up to now, the master class on felting out of wool has been carefully transferred from generation to generation. And today, this is one of the most popular types of needlework.
Basic techniques and their differences
There are two ways of felting wool:
1) Wet, which uses warm water, a soap, mosquito net, and pimply film. It is also called "hot".
Thanks to the warm and soapy solution, the wool flakes open, the fibers elongate, so their entanglement is facilitated. Further, when the article is washed under cold water, the threads change their structure from the reverse. This method is good for making carpets, a panel of bags.
2) Dry method is more often used: for stuffing a picture on a base, for toys or jewelry. For this technique, you need a special needle and brush, which can be replaced with a foam sponge.
The wool is laid on the surface of the sponge and pierced multiple times. Due to the needle structure, the fibers become tangled and take the desired shape.
3) Combined mode, which combines the first two.
Choosing the right wool
The most popular wool for felting is definitely sheep. However, camels and Angora goats, too, do not stand aside. The choice depends on what you want to do. A camel, for example, is used to make toys without a base, an angora or mohair, thanks to its shiny structure, is used as a decoration.
To fill your hand we offer felting a master class for beginners in a dry way. Choose the hank of yarn you like, we pick up the needle and brush( you can replace it with a sponge).We tear off( we tear off, cut it is impossible) a little wool and we turn from a lock of a lump. The size depends on the diameter of the beads you need. We put one on the work surface( sponge) and begin piercing with a needle. Do not forget to turn it over. Gradually it will become denser. Try to give it the right shape. When the balls are ready to join them with a fishing line, decorate with beads or rhinestones.
Wetting with a wet method
"Hot" wool felting master class will suit those who have already tried their hand and wants to "get to know the ball of six closer."
We take all necessary materials for wet equipment. For this product, we took wool cotton wool color: gray, purple, purple, green. On the working surface of the table we spread our bubble film, pimples up. We make the marking of the future potholders
Just keep in mind that the wool will be stuck at 20%.Spread the strands of the main tone. We cover it tightly so that there are no gaps in the
. Then we lay out the picture, layer by layer. That's how
Next, we spray the wool with a soap solution( a little bit), cover with a stretch film and abundantly soapy hands, skip the product.
When the tack is homogeneous, we remove the film and continue to rub it with soapy palms. When the work is fully ready, with little stretching, the fibers of the wool are not separated. Cut the edges, just in case, rub them again, rinse the product in cold water and wait for
to dry out. By the way, this pleasant and completely safe needlework will be to taste not only for adults but also for children.