Possible causes of vitiligo or why pigmentation is formed
Vitiligo - a disease that occurs quite rarely, visually manifested in the violation of pigmentation, the formation of discolored spots on the skin. The cause of the disease is the absence in the areas that have lost color, a special pigment of melanin. As a rule, whitish spots have sharply outlined edges that do not protrude above the surface of the skin.
Vitiligo - Myth and Reality
Vitiligo symptoms are quite vivid, this disease is difficult to confuse with any other. It is important to know that discolored blemishes can appear on any part of the skin. It is interesting that recently vitiligo was considered an extremely rare disease, in our days it is becoming more common. But, despite this unpleasant fact, there is no definite answer to the question about the cause of the appearance and the factors that increase the probability of the development of this disease.
Research aimed at identifying the causes of the disease occurs in many world countries. Another common question is whether this jealousy is contagious, and whether it is inherited?
Cases of hereditary predisposition to this disease do occur, but this does not mean that the disease is transmitted with a probability of one hundred percent. The question is, whether vitiligo is contagious has an unambiguous negative answer - it is impossible to become infected with this disease.
The root causes of the disease
It is remarkable that the causes of the disease do not affect the place of manifestation of the absence of pigmentation. In other words, vitiligo on the genitals and discolored skin areas on the face and neck can have an identical cause of occurrence. Often this disease is transmitted by inheritance, if the parents, or one of them had this pigmentation disorder, the probability that a child will sooner or later have a similar problem, increases several times.
In this case, the location of discolored spots can also be inherited or different. If there is vitiligo on the labia, you should find out whether the disease suffered a grandmother or aunt. This pigmentation disorder can be inherited after a generation.
Vitiligo causes the occurrence may also occur in the form of disturbances in the functioning of components of the endocrine system. In the first place - diseases of the thyroid gland, often such problems with skin pigmentation arise from the pathologies of the adrenals and sex glands.
Often the pigment on the face occurs due to disturbances in the nervous system. Regular stress, depressed psycho-emotional state. Another common pathology is the dominance of the sympathetic nervous system over the parasympathetic nervous system.
Rare Causes of Vitiligo
One of the most common causes of skin pigmentation disorders may be a low level of immunity or malfunctions occurring in the immune system. Vitiligo can also be caused by inadequate intake of nutrients and vitamins. Serious diseases, of an infectious nature, can also provoke the appearance of vitiligo on the genitals or any other part of the body.
As with severe poisoning and concomitant intoxication of the body, the risk of developing this skin pathology may increase - which is why when a symptom occurs, a thorough examination of the patient is necessary. It is not uncommon for vitiligo caused by excess harmful chemicals in the tissues of the body to pass without any treatment after a while.
Vitiligo can be triggered by sunburn. Often, such a violation of pigmentation can be found in lovers of solarium. Scientific evidence of the hypothesis of the relationship of exposure to the skin of ultraviolet and the appearance of white spots does not, but the disease is indeed quite common in sunbathing lovers.
Is it worth treating the disease on the face?
Disturbance of pigmentation of this type does not pose any danger to the person who is ill. As a rule, vitiligo has symptoms solely in changing the color of the skin, and is, in fact, a cosmetic defect capable of causing mental suffering. But we must not forget that vitiligo is often an external manifestation of serious disorders in the functioning of the body.It is for this reason, if vitiligo appears on the labia, face or any other part of the skin or the symptoms of the disease progress, a comprehensive examination should be carried out, which will include both toxicological and immunological studies, and try to establish the true cause of thispathology.