Dosed walking( walking)
Mar 13, 2018
When walking, there is a rhythmic alternation of tension and relaxation of the muscles of the lower limbs, which positively affects blood and lymph circulation, counteracting the occurrence of stagnant phenomena. Dosed walking is the most usual load;it is expedient to use it in the recovery treatment of weakened patients. Physical exercise is increased gradually, lengthening the distance, accelerating the pace of walking;while it is necessary to take into account the terrain.
The metered pedestrian walks are conducted on level ground, starting from the 1000 m route, then along the route up to 2000 m and only then to 3000 m. At the beginning of the treatment, it is expedient to walk at the pace peculiar to the patient, and if the walks are well tolerated every3-5 days should increase the distance by 500-1000 m, while accelerating the pace of walking and, accordingly, reducing the number of pauses for rest and their duration.
The following walking speed options are recommended:
- very slow - 60-70 steps per minute, or 2.5-3 km / h;
- slow - 70-90 steps per minute, or 3-3.5 km / h;
- average - 90-120 steps per minute, or 4-5.6 km / h;
- fast -120-140 steps per minute, or 5.6-6.4 km / h;
- very fast - more than 140 steps per minute, or over 6.5 km / h.
Favorable course of the recovery phase of treatment of patients, good tolerability of the increasing physical exertion of physical therapy are the basis for increasing the intensity of physical exercises, connecting classes with gymnastic subjects, introducing into the rehabilitation complex of sports, applied and sports games. Especially at this stage, patients should be warned against independent, uncontrolled expansion of the amount of physical exertion. The subjective feeling of good tolerability of the ever increasing physical activity of convalescing patients often outstrips the restoration of the functional state of pathologically altered organs and tissues. This can lead to a disruption in the compensation of the entire body or its vital systems, the development of severe and adverse consequences of inadequate rehabilitation and complications of the disease, which will negate the positive results of long-term treatment.
In these cases, the risk of complications, as a rule, many times exceeds the severity of the acute period of the disease, which existed before the beginning of restorative treatment. Therefore, any transitions to a new, higher level of physical activity of patients should be performed according to the prescribing of the attending physician and under the supervision of the instructor in the physiotherapy exercises of the polyclinic.
Game sports, cycling should be considered as a sufficiently effective means of restorative treatment and prevention of diseases. Depending on the diagnosis and the nature of the course of the pathological process, the age and interests of the patient on the recommendation of the doctor, you can choose the kind of sport that classes can benefit greatly in groups of health gymnastics or physiotherapy.
If young people can be recommended volleyball, badminton, tennis, swimming, other outdoor sports, the elderly are very shown towns, croquet, cycling, and in some cases swimming, badminton.