How to recognize liver hepatosis symptoms
The liver is the central organ of the digestive system, performing more than 400 functions associated with metabolic processes in the body. Pathological changes in liver tissue are called hepatoses.
Different types of
Disease Hepatoses are hereditary and acquired. Hereditary or otherwise pigmented is the hereditary lesions of the liver. Signs of pigmentary hepatosis - a periodic yellowing of the covers of the skin of the face, palms, armpits, feet. Often the disease manifests itself in childhood.
The heart, kidneys, nervous system are affected, muscle cramps are observed, mental and physical development is disrupted. A lethal outcome is possible in especially severe cases.
If the liver lesions are less pronounced, the patient does not lose work capacity, the quality of his life does not deteriorate. Acquired - a dystrophic changes in the hepatic tissue, developed under the influence of adverse factors.
- Acute appearance is caused by the action of toxic substances. Characterized by a digestive disorder, intoxication, yellowing of the skin, the development of liver failure.
- Moderate is associated with fat deposition in liver cells. The work of the digestive system is disrupted, the patient feels dull aching pain in his right side, a general weakness. In non-neglected cases, recovery is possible, if time is lost, then a transition of moderate hepatosis to steatohepatosis and subsequently to cirrhosis is possible.
- Cholestatic is a consequence of the violation of cholesterol metabolism and the processes of bile formation in cells. It occurs with prolonged treatment with some medications.
Symptoms of cholestatic hepatosis of the liver: darkening of the urine, jaundice of the skin, discoloration of the stool. The patient may have a fever, possibly an inflammation of the bile ducts due to stagnation of bile in them.
Cholestatic hepatosis in pregnancy occurs because of the increased sensitivity of hepatocytes to sex hormones and is manifested in the violation of the exchange of bile acids and cholesterol in the liver cells. With this pathology, there is a risk of premature birth. There is an intolerable skin itch, especially at night. Sometimes jaundice occurs, which disappears after birth.
In connection with the characteristics of nutrition and lifestyle, most people are at risk. When the fat metabolism is broken, lipoid hepatosis develops. The fat that enters the liver cells accumulates, is not broken down and is not used to build new substances. The rate of fat intake exceeds the rate of its utilization, which leads to overfilling of the cell and the intercellular space with fat.
With further development of the disease, all the new areas of the liver are captured and absorbed by fat, fatty cysts are formed. The disease is most often hidden. The person does not feel discomfort, late turns to the doctor. As a result, the disease is detected in the late stages. Diagnosed hepatosis mainly in people aged 40 - 57 years.
People who are obese are at risk of getting sick - 76% of the total. Among patients with type 2 diabetes, the proportion of patients with hepatosis is 50%.People who consume alcohol, who are prone to overeating, are at risk with low motor activity.
The initial stages of fat accumulation in the cell vacuoles are visible on ultrasound, as separate impregnations of white color. At the stage of diffuse hepatosis, ultrasound examination shows the spread of clearly discernible white spots similar to semolina throughout the liver parenchyma.
Symptoms of hepatic liver
- Moderate enlargement of the liver upon palpation.
- Increased blood pressure, enlargement of the left ventricle of the heart,
- Weight gain.
- Blunt pulling pains under the ribs on the right side and in the near-bulbous area.
- Nausea, heartburn, bitterness in the mouth, bloating, lack of appetite.
- Metabolic kidney transplant.
- Skin itching, fatigue, depression, headaches.
Hepatosis is treatable in case of timely contact with a doctor. Due to the unique ability of the liver tissue to regenerate, complete restoration of health is possible. For this, a person needs to make his own efforts, review food preferences and change the way of life.