Candidiasis of the mouth - your response to the disease
May 14, 2018
Oral candidiasis or thrush is an infectious disease, the causative agent of which is yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. It can be localized on the mucous membranes, as well as on the skin and on internal organs. Clinical manifestations of thrush of the mouth are very diverse.
Oral candidiasis usually occurs in children, elderly people, and in those with weakened immunity. In addition, the disease can be caused by some unfavorable factors in people of different ages.
Causes of thrush in the mouth:
- infectious diseases;
- blood diseases;
- diseases of the digestive tract;
- oncological diseases;
- positive HIV status;
- regular stress;
- dry mouth syndrome;
- taking certain types of medications, for example, antibiotics;
- unsatisfactory oral care;
- poor or irregular cleansing of the tongue;
- the presence of tooth decay and other problems with the teeth.
Causes and symptoms of the disease
The disease is characterized by a lesion of the tongue, and also mucous cheeks, throat, palate, gums and corners of the mouth.
In infants, candidiasis of the oral cavity develops against the background of infectious diseases, digestive disorders, and also at birth before the due date. Infection in most cases occurs either through the nipple of the mother, or through the nipple( dishes).
In the mouth of the child appear white spots or curdled white in color. If the course of the disease is light, the plaque can be removed freely. After him, there will be a hot spot of redness. In severe conditions, the entire plaque merges into a continuous, filmy surface, which after a while only thickens and spreads to the mucosa of the entire oral cavity. If you scrape off such a deposit, under it you can find a red spot( erythema), in some cases - bleeding erosion.
Reception of cytostatics and antibiotics, tuberculosis, blood diseases cause the development of chronic hyperplastic candidiasis, as under these conditions the useful microflora of the oral cavity is disrupted. In this case, candidiasis manifests itself in the form of white plaques, which sometimes merge into solid curdled deposits. After a while, the curdled coating only thickens and becomes yellowish in color.
Among the symptoms of chronic hyperplastic candidiasis is also worth noting the dryness, redness and swelling of the mucous membrane. Some cases of the disease are accompanied by the appearance of hypertrophy( enlargement) of the papillae of the tongue.
The primary treatment for this disease is taking antifungal medications. If the fungus of the oral cavity was caused by taking antibiotics or corticosteroids, the patient should stop using these medications or consult a specialist so that he changes the form of their intake, comparing it with the mandatory intake of antifungal drugs.
If a person has concomitant diseases, it is necessary to begin treatment of the disease with the appropriate specialist. In addition, it is important to follow a diet, the essence of which is to limit the intake of carbohydrates. Candidiasis of the oral cavity also implies treatment with such restorative means as biostimulants and vitamin-mineral complexes( in particular, vitamins of group B).
Specialists are correcting the composition of the intestinal microflora and appointing immunomodulators to the patient.
With local treatment of the disease, the main goal is to eliminate the favorable conditions for the life of fungi, and also to suppress the fungal flora and restore biological balance in the microflora. The patient should regularly carry out hygienic care for the oral cavity and apply special anticancer drugs, which are also aimed at normalizing the acid-base balance.
In addition, it is very important to daily rinse the mouth with alkaline solutions. This is an important condition for local treatment, since it is in carious cavities and periodontal pockets that the fungus finds favorable conditions for further reproduction.