Chronic sinusitis: symptoms of various types of disease
May 14, 2018
Sinusitis is one of the varieties of sinusitis, inflammation of the maxillary nasal cavities. The appearance of the disease can provoke pathogenic bacteria and viruses, pathogenic fungi.
In addition, the development of the disease can affect allergic reactions. The onset of the disease is associated with the difficulty of free outflow of the secretion of the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses. The organism becomes difficult to cope with the infection, as a result, creates an ideal environment for the emergence of the inflammatory process.
Most often, sinusitis occurs as a concomitant disease for colds, flu, and other infectious ailments, when the body is greatly weakened. This kind of disease is called acute, and it usually provokes hypothermia.
The prolonged and neglected lesion of the mucous nasal sinuses turns into chronic sinusitis - its symptoms can be not pronounced, therefore the diagnosis of the disease is often difficult. The risk of getting sinusitis is increased by additional factors that violate the natural outflow:
- some features of the anatomy of the nose( deformation of the nasal cavity partitions);
- concurrent with acute or chronic phase concomitant diseases( muscoviscidosis and various rhinitis);
- a certain way of life and hobbies( for example, scuba diving);
- bad habits( smoking).
In children, chronic sinusitis can often be caused by adenoidal growths, i.e.increase in the size of the pharyngeal tonsil. That at an early age is considered a normal physiological phenomenon caused by the formation of a protective barrier on the path of microbes into the nasal cavity of a small child.
In rare cases, the disease can be the result of an inflammatory process that began in the area of the roots of the teeth of the upper jaw, and then spread to the maxillary sinuses. Then they talk about odontogenic chronic sinusitis.
How to recognize chronic sinusitis
Not passing a long time nasal congestion and a permanent cold, which is not treated by conventional means - these are the main signs of chronic sinusitis. The person is suffering from pain in the nose, weak in the morning and gradually increasing in the evening. Soon the whole head starts to hurt, including the eye cavities.
Conjunctivitis may then begin, indicating that the inflammatory process has also affected the orbital walls. And the symptoms of chronic sinusitis can be observed only on one side of the head, which means that the disease is one-sided and inflammation affected only one of the paired nasal sinuses.
An additional symptom is a general malaise. This is manifested in increased fatigue, lethargy and weakness. The patient often suffers from sleep disorders and refuses to eat. Body temperature is usually only slightly elevated, but sometimes it can rise to 38 degrees or more. High temperature is typical for this type of disease.
How to treat chronic sinusitis
Treatment of chronic sinusitis should be comprehensive, with an emphasis on eliminating the cause of inflammation. It is also necessary to ensure free outflow of the mucous secretion from the sinuses, for which the nasal passages are periodically irrigated with vasoconstrictive drugs by inhalation. The laser method of treatment showed high efficiency.
In combination with the systematic washing of the nasal cavity, it allows you to get rid of even serious forms of the disease without being in hospital and almost painless. The laser perfectly removes inflammation, and the washing procedures cleanse the nose of mucus and pus.
Treatment is accompanied by the use of immunomodulating agents to eliminate the very cause of chronic sinusitis - weakened immunity. But until all hospitals in our country can afford modern equipment, and therefore puncture is still widely used to treat sinusitis.
The pus is removed mechanically from the nasal cavity by means of a syringe, after which the sinuses are washed with an antiseptic solution and filled with an antibiotic. In modern clinics, puncture is used in very neglected cases, when the inflammation has already engulfed the orbit and urgent intervention is needed to prevent further exacerbation of chronic sinusitis and injury of the frontal sinuses, and later of the brain.
Traditional methods of treatment of sinusitis
Medicinal herbs successfully help in the treatment of any disease, and chronic sinusitis is no exception.
- In the treatment of non-purulent diseases, infusions and decoctions of St. John's wort and yarrow are used to irrigate the nasal cavity. One teaspoon of chopped grass is enough for a glass of water. St. John's wort intensifies the protective function of the body, suppresses the development of fungal infections and fights microbes. Yarrow is good to relieve inflammation.
- Also folk remedies excellently draw pus from nasal sinuses. It is necessary to dip a piece of cotton wool first into a tincture of propolis, and then into the sunflower oil heated in a frying pan and insert into the nose for half an hour, repeat three times a day. Before going to sleep, the nasal cavity is treated with essential oils of thuja and eucalyptus and honey is laid. In the morning there will be a strong departure of pus.
- Folk remedies can be supplemented with a puncture method of treatment. Then instead of antibiotics in the sinuses, sea buckthorn oil is introduced.
Of course, folk remedies can not compete with medicines in the speed of treatment, but they do not have side effects. In addition, they can be used for prevention. It is much more pleasant to avoid illness than to treat it.