Erosive gastritis: treatment, prevention, principles of therapy
Erosive gastritis is a lesion of the stomach, in which flat and surface defects with a diameter of up to 3 mm are formed on its mucous membrane.
The acute form of the disease develops at a rapid pace and is characterized by a predominant lesion of the distal areas of the stomach. If the patient is diagnosed with erosive gastritis, treatment should be complex, the therapy should eliminate the symptoms and complications of the disease.
In the chronic course of this disease, a large number of erosions are formed on the mucous membrane at different stages of healing, so the menu in the erosive gastritis is composed in such a way that the food does not irritate the affected areas and does not interfere with the regeneration process. Chronic erosions look like raised sections with a diameter of 3-8 mm, which in appearance look somewhat like papules with central indentation. Sometimes such lesions of the gastric mucosa are located in chains and develop from a month to three years, so treatment of erosive gastritis often begins only in the late stages of its development.
Etiology of erosive gastritis
This gastritis is the most common, but at the same time, the least studied pathology of the digestive system. Until now, the true cause of the formation of erosive defects, which are zones of necrosis in the stomach, has not been established. I must say that with any damage to the stomach are irritating factors, so all pharmacological and folk remedies for erosive gastritis should be directed to eliminate the effects of these negative factors, as well as to protect the mucous membrane from further damage.
There are the following types of erosive gastritis:
- primary - occurs more often in young people who do not have concomitant diseases;
- secondary - occurs as a systemic lesion of the stomach, when the body is exposed to severe stress, massive burns or severe injuries.
Modern physicians do not define a single etiology of the development of this pathology, therefore the treatment regimen for erosive gastritis may differ, depending on the pathogenesis of the disease. We can name only provoking factors that can increase the risk of erosion in the stomach:
- throwing bile and bile acids into the stomach of the duodenum, which leads to disruption of the food lumps in the gastrointestinal tract, which causes erosions;
- infection with Helicobacter pylori. The presence of these bacteria in the stomach leads to the fact that the treatment of erosive gastritis with folk remedies is ineffective. Direct evidence of the effect of these microorganisms on the formation of erosions is not, but only against the background of antibiotic therapy, the duration of treatment is reduced;
- , a direct cause of this disease can be considered permanent stress and nerve overexertion, which are accompanied by excessive formation of adrenaline, cortisol and thyroxine, which leads to erosions on the gastric mucosa on the background of complete well-being on the part of health. Considering this, it is important not only to treat medical erosive gastritis, but also to provide patients with complete physical and psychological rest that helps to prevent relapses;
- Prolonged use of anti-inflammatory drugs( eg, aspirin, paracetamol or diclofenac).
Clinical manifestations of erosive gastritis
Acute erosive lesions of the stomach can be suspected when there are complaints of sudden heartburn, belching sour, abdominal pain that appear on an empty stomach. If there are such symptoms, you need to turn to the gastroenterologist, because folk remedies have no valuable therapeutic value, if they are used in isolation without medication.
It should be noted that in 30-90% of cases of erosive gastritis clinical manifestations are not noticeable. Already with the formation of chronic erosions, patients begin to detect severe pain in the upper abdomen, as well as various digestive disorders. So, they complain of heaviness in the abdomen, belching and heartburn, flatulence, constipation.
In this case, patients feel dull or paroxysmal pain in the abdomen, giving back to the spine. To eliminate abnormalities in the work of the stomach, a special diet is prescribed - an acute erosive gastritis due to this is treated more effectively.
So, patients need to eat only mashed and semi-liquid food, you need to follow the temperature of the dishes. Also, you can not overeat, eat fried, sharp and fatty foods, alcohol, coffee, freshly squeezed juices. Since the disease does not have a specific clinical picture, the drugs for the treatment of erosive gastritis are appointed individually, taking into account the patient's complaints.
Diagnosis of this pathology
To date, modern diagnostic methods allow you to obtain clear results of the survey and correctly evaluate them. With erosive gastritis, gastroscopy is often used. This technique allows you to identify any defects in the stomach, their number and exact location, which allows the doctor to make appropriate predictions and determine how to treat erosive gastritis.
Principles of therapy
Because this disease in its clinical manifestations is similar to the initial stages of peptic ulcer, the treatment is carried out according to general rules. If the patient is diagnosed with erosive gastritis, the medicines are prescribed taking into account the acidity of the stomach, the severity of the course of the disease, the presence of other accompanying pathologies. In most cases, prescribe antibiotics, acidity regulators, as well as drugs that contribute to a faster recovery of damaged mucosa.
A patient with a diagnosis of erosive gastritis - treatment should include not only pharmacological therapy, but also the means of alternative medicine. An excellent remedy is sea buckthorn oil, which shows a protective effect on the gastric membrane and promotes rapid healing of erosion. You can use it both with the appearance of pain and with the goal of prevention. Widely used and aloe juice, but I must say that sea buckthorn oil with erosive gastritis has a more pronounced therapeutic effect.