• Inflammation of the large intestine: symptoms

    The most common disease of the gastrointestinal tract is inflammation of the large intestine. In medicine, this ailment is called colitis. Its causes can be hidden in infection, gross errors in nutrition, the ingress of industrial and domestic poisons into the body.

    Also, this disease can occur repeatedly as an independent disease of an immune nature, or as a result of certain disorders occurring in the stomach or small intestine.

    Inflammation of the large intestine: symptoms

    Currently, four types of colitis are distinguished in medicine: acute, chronic, ulcerative and spastic. The very first symptom of manifestation of the disease to any extent is abdominal pain, rumbling or bloating. The patient's chair is unstable, constipation can be replaced by diarrhea.

    In the feces appears mucus and an admixture of blood. A person can feel malaise, loss of strength, lethargy, more severe cases accompanied by fever. In acute colitis, abdominal pain, general malaise, diarrhea and painful urge to the toilet, loss of appetite are usually observed. If the disease has arisen as a result of bacterial infection, the patient may have a fever, and bloody impurities appear in the stool.

    Inflammation of the large intestine: symptoms of chronic colitis

    It is not uncommon for cases when acute treatment is started or if it is completely absent, acute colitis passes into the stage of chronic colitis. Symptoms of the disease are basically the same as in acute form, but the treatment process is more complicated. In this case, the patient can complain of abdominal cramping in the direction of the large intestine, lack of appetite, general weakness and nausea.

    Also, the patient may experience increased gas formation and abdominal raspiranie. The stool can be liquid up to four times a day. The diagnosis of colitis and examination of the colon is performed by a doctor, after which the appropriate treatment is prescribed. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis.

    Ulcerative colitis is an inflammation of the colon of the large intestine, which is accompanied by the appearance of ulcers. This form of the disease develops long, there may be periods of exacerbation and remission. The first sign is cramping pain in the lower abdomen. After a certain period of time, bleeding may occur during defecation, in which the amount of blood can reach 300 ml.

    If the period of exacerbation has come, then it can stand out as a stream, which leads to a decrease in blood pressure. It is also possible the occurrence of perforation and expansion of the large intestine, the development of peritonitis. Determine the degree of the disease and identify ulcers can be, if the examination of the colon with a rectomo-manoscopy.

    Spastic colitis

    With this form of disease, the patient's fecal masses are similar in shape to dense lumps.

    In order to determine the presence of this type of ailment, the patient's stool is sent to laboratory, sigmoidoscopic and radiographic examinations.

    Inflammation of the large bowel: treatment of

    If you notice any unusual symptoms and painful sensations without losing time, seek help from a gastroenterologist. He knows how to check the large intestine and help you get rid of discomfort. Treatment of this disease, regardless of its form, involves the appointment of a special diet. After all, it is healthy and proper nutrition - this is the main assistant in the speedy recovery.

    The doctor will also prescribe antibiotics if the disease has not occurred while receiving other medications. You can treat inflammation with the help of various folk remedies, namely, drink a special infusion of chamomile and sage, take the decoction of the root of the snake mountaineer.

    The simplest treatment is a complete failure for one to two days from eating. Also, the doctor can independently appoint a patient a diet that is rich in vitamins, is easily digested and is full. With this disease in any form, you can not eat meat, eggs and other protein foods, but there are more porridges, boiled potatoes and milk drinks.

    If a patient has colitis on the background of infection, then special antimicrobial and antiparasitic drugs are prescribed. In addition to them go those funds that are aimed at normalizing the intestinal microflora. Those patients who have colitis in a chronic stage, are useful for thermal procedures and treatment in sanatoria.

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