How is alimentary hypotrophy manifested? Symptoms and features of the disease
May 12, 2018
A nutritional disorder in which a child develops a deficiency in body weight is called hypotrophy.
Hypotrophy may be:
- Congenital( intrauterine or constitutional, due to a mother's severe illness or insecurity of the placenta during pregnancy)
- Acquired( alimentary, resulting from malnutrition of the child, or infectious nature, the consequence of a child's illness).
Alimentary hypotrophy, which develops due to a deficiency of nutrients, as well as fluid in the body, is now a rarity.
Three faces of
hypotrophy Alimentary hypotrophy develops gradually. There are 3 degrees of hypotrophy.
At the first degree the child loses from 11 to 20 percent of the body weight, the second degree is characterized not only by the mass deficit of 25 to 30 percent, but also by the child's developmental lag.
Hypotrophy of the third degree is an extreme exhaustion of the body. Deficiency of body weight is 1/3.With grade 3 hypotrophy, the skin acquires a gray tint, and the fat layer is completely absent.
One hundred and one cause of the disease
Alimentary hypotrophy occurs in infants, if the child does not eat. When breastfeeding, the mother in labor can have a lack of milk. Disorderly feeding, provoking abundant and frequent regurgitation, breast defects can also make breastfeeding more difficult.
The baby will be nervous, throw the chest, start crying, and, in the end, fall asleep exhausted, not eating from feeding to feeding.
Introduction of complementary foods requires timeliness. Too early or late lure can also lead to the development of alimentary hypotrophy.
In the diet of a child, fed by artificial means, often there is not enough carbohydrates. Improperly selected or substandard mixtures, cereals with a high content of flour or sugar, a frequent cause of nutritional malnutrition. Not the last role in the development of the disease is played by the assimilability of mixtures - it is more difficult for a child to digest a mixture than mother's milk.
Children who are not receiving proper care, affection and attention, are at risk of nutritional malnutrition more than those with whom they communicate, often take up, caress and embrace.
Severe infectious diseases and gastrointestinal tract defects lead to loss of appetite and development of nutritional malnutrition.
Gradualism is the main principle of treatment!
Treatment of alimentary hypotrophy is a whole complex of measures:
- Strengthening immunity of a child suffering from hypotrophy procedure.
- Vitaminotherapy. Tests for food tolerance.
The food load is increased gradually.
In severe cases, nutrients are injected intravenously by a drip.
Children with severe degrees of alimentary hypotrophy are hospitalized. In the case of infection, antibiotics are prescribed.
Unfortunately, the lethal outcome in cases of severe degree of alimentary hypotrophy is not that rare. It is 30 percent.
Prevention of hypotrophy includes breastfeeding, rational nutrition of the child and mother, as well as a timely visit to the doctor.