Basic recommendations for glaucoma
In order to prevent the further development of the disease, which can eventually lead to complete blindness, it is also necessary to observe certain limitations and medical recommendations in glaucoma regarding the patient's lifestyle, organization of work and rest.
For the treatment to be most effective, it is necessary to identify the disease at an early stage and timely and competent therapy of the disease. Otherwise, there is a high probability of irreversible consequences in the body of vision, followed by a loss of its functions.
All persons who have reached the age of forty should be attentive to the health and condition of the eyes. Recommended regular preventive examinations with an ophthalmologist. If there are feelings of fatigue, rapid eye fatigue, discomfort or pain, there is a loss of vision, narrowing of his fields, flashing of flies before his eyes, etc., then you should immediately contact a specialist!
Glaucoma is an insidious disease!
The same applies to those people who have a hereditary factor, i.e.there are relatives who suffer from glaucoma or other eye diseases. Such patients are at risk, even if they do not have a clinical picture or individual symptoms, for example, in the initial stage of glaucoma, and the level of intraocular pressure( IOP) is normal. They need a regular examination, without waiting for age criteria.
Glaucoma is a very dangerous and insidious disease. Therefore, it must be remembered that the disease can develop slowly, against a background of apparent well-being, when a person is not disturbed by the alarming signs of this disease or they appear rarely enough. It can also be misleading that glaucoma can have symptoms that are also characteristic of other diseases( sinusitis, sinusitis, migraine, hypertension, endocrine and cardiovascular diseases).
In cases where a patient underwent medical or surgical treatment for glaucoma, he should pay special attention to the control of his eyes, constantly undergoing medical supervision.
On the importance of preventive measures
If there are signs of anxiety, discomfort in the eye( blurred vision, a feeling of raspryaniya, pain in the brow, temporal area, the appearance of rainbow circles before the eyes), then consult a doctor immediately, without waiting for another preventive examination!
A very important aspect in the treatment of glaucoma is compliance with the recommendations and advice of a physician regarding the regimen, the organization of work and rest, nutrition. If you plan a long trip outside the country, it is recommended that you bring a medical card with all the necessary information in the form of discharge epicrisis, data on surgical interventions, etc.
Patients suffering from glaucoma are poorly tolerated by temperature fluctuations, especially the effect of low temperatures. In the cold season, fluctuations in IOP upward are most often observed. When glaucoma is contraindicated cold water procedures, air baths, etc. In winter it is best to conduct preventive and strengthening courses of conservative treatment.
Positive effect on the course of the disease is having a walk in the fresh air, light physical exercises and breathing exercises, a healthy lifestyle. In summer, patients with glaucoma should wear special green glasses that protect against sunlight. They are arranged in a special way, providing visual comfort and eye protection from ultraviolet exposure.
What is not recommended for glaucoma
Usual dark sunglasses are not recommended for glaucoma. They impair orientation, obscure the field of view, cause dilatation of the pupil, which leads to an increase in IOP.While staying in the sun it is necessary to wear a hat, in the sun to be in the morning and evening hours, avoiding the midday heat.
Patients should be aware that there are some limitations in glaucoma.
To be avoided:
- Physical exercises and labor associated with the torso of the trunk, head. Weightlifting.
- Exercises and poses in some sports where there is a rush of blood to the head.
- Works on household plots, kitchen gardens( weeding beds, picking berries, etc.)
- Washing floors, washing clothes, bending at the same time.
- Emotional stress.
- Influences of low temperatures.
In the postoperative period after glaucoma patients should be extremely careful, strictly follow the doctor's prescription, do not change the scheme and the course of treatment on their own, especially - do not self-medicate!
When driving a car you need:
- to use points;
- not drive a car at twilight or at night;
- wear special green glasses in bright sunshine.
Nutrition for glaucoma
Milk and vegetable food is most desirable. It is necessary to have the necessary minerals, vitamins and trace elements. When glaucoma is very important vitamins A, E, C.They have a high antioxidant effect.
Sources of vitamin C:
- dogrose, currant, asparagus;
- strawberries, spinach, tomatoes;
- beet, cabbage, red pepper.
Vitamin A is rich:
- carrots, potatoes, apricots;Citrus, bananas, green salad.
Vitamin E is found in:
- vegetable oils( olive, corn, sunflower);
- bird, fresh herbs, sea fish;
- Extremely useful for eye diseases are blueberries, blueberries, grapes.
Be sure to eat foods that contain B vitamins( cereals, brewer's yeast, milk, meat, fish, nuts).
- Lean meat, fish( preferably steamed).
- Lactic acid production( non-fat).
- Kashi, vegetarian soups.
- Fruits, vegetables.
- Fats of animal origin.
- Liquid consumption.
Can not be:
- Strong tea, coffee.
- Spices, smoked meat, salted and fried foods.
- Baking. Meat offal( liver, kidney).
Alcohol, smoking - absolutely not!