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  • Treatment of infectious mononucleosis by folk remedies and methods

    Infectious mononucleosis is an infection characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and angina, caused by the Epstein-Bar virus.

    The cause of is the virus. The source of infection is a sick person. The main way of transmission of the virus is with saliva, for good reason this disease was called "kissing disease".The main signs of the disease: an increase in body temperature above 38 C, an increase in lymph nodes, inflammation of the tonsils, an increase in the liver and changes in blood tests. The disease mainly affects children of an early age, their disease is easy. More details about the symptoms of mononucleosis, see here.

    The process of infection begins with the oropharynx, where the virus enters its mucous membrane, then it multiplies, which leads to the onset of the disease. A person who has had an infectious mononucleosis develops a persistent immunity to it.

    Manifestations of appear 5-14 days after infection. The incubation period is from 4 days to 2 months. In most cases, infectious mononucleosis develops sharply. The body temperature rises, there is a headache, weakness, sleep and appetite disorders, muscle and joint pain. One of the main signs is angina, which is manifested by pain in the throat and reddening of palatine tonsils. In addition, there is an increase in lymph nodes, especially the posterior ones. The nodes are palpable, elastic, dense and painless, the skin over them is edematous. On the 3-4th day, the liver and spleen increase.

    The first signs of the disease are symptoms of general intoxication: the appearance of lethargy, weakness, decreased appetite, the appearance of pain in the muscles and joints, headache, fever with a rise in body temperature to 38-40 ° C.Then there is pain in the throat when swallowing, there is an increase in cervical lateral and posterior lymph nodes. In some patients, liver damage occurs, clinically it is manifested by the appearance of a feeling of heaviness in the region of the right hypochondrium, darkening of the urine;a number of patients have an enlarged spleen, palpation is marked by an increase in the liver 2 - 3 cm below the edge of the right costal arch. On average, the disease lasts about 1-2 weeks, then the patient begins to gradually recover.

    The Epstein-Barr virus is a herpes simplex virus that has a tendency to B-lymphocytes, persistently persists in the host cells as a latent infection. It is widely distributed throughout the world. By structure and size, the Epstein-Barr virus is indistinguishable from other herpesviruses, but differs significantly from them in antigenic properties. The virus has membrane Ar( MA - membrane antigen), nuclear Ag( EBNA - Ep, tein-Barri, nucleic antigen) and Ag virus capsid( VCA - viru, cap, id antigen).

    Infection occurs when the virus is transmitted with saliva. The Epstein-Barr virus, when ingested, infects the pharyngeal epithelium, causing inflammation and fever-typical clinical signs of the onset of infectious mononucleosis. The virus is strictly lymphotropic, joining the C3a receptor of the cell membrane of B lymphocytes, it causes the proliferation of polyclonal B-lymphocytes with a corresponding increase in tonsils, systemic lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. B-lymphocytes are transformed( acquire the capacity for endless fission), and in the absence of an adequate cellular immune response, this process can evolve into a clearly malignant( eg, X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome).If the cellular immunity factors control the replication of the Eps-Tain-Barr virus in the body, the clinical symptoms of infectious mononucleosis gradually disappear.

    Like other herpesviruses, the Epstein-Barr virus can persist as a latent infection( its DNA is contained in the nucleus of a small number of B-lymphocytes).Episodic asymptomatic reactivation of infection is common, about 20% of healthy young people isolate the Epstein-Barr virus with saliva. In individuals with impaired cellular immunity( eg, in AIDS, ataxia-telangiectasia, transplant recipients), a clear reactive infection with hairy leukoplakia, interstitial pneumonitis, or in the form of monoclonal B-cell lymphoma can develop. With the Epstein-Barr virus, the etiology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Burkitt's lymphoma is associated.

    One manifestation of infectious mononucleosis is the appearance in peripheral blood of atypical lymphocytes( up to 10% of the total number of lymphocytes).Atypical lymphocytes are found in the blood from the beginning of the period of clinical manifestations of infection. Their content in the blood reaches a peak at the end of the 2nd or the beginning of the 3rd week and can hold at this level up to 1.5-2 months, complete disappearance usually occurs by the beginning of the 4th month from the onset of the disease. The presence of atypical lymphocytes is a relatively insensitive sign of infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, but has a total specificity of about 95%.

    The proliferation of polyclonal B-lymphocytes in the infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus generates a large number of different autoantibodies in the patient's body, such as IgM-anti-i( cold agglutinin), rheumatoid factor, antinuclear AT.Most of the unusual Igs that appear in infectious mononucleosis are called heterophilic AT Paul-Bunnel. These ATs are referred to the IgM class, they have affinity for mutton and horse erythrocytes, are not directed to any Ag virus of Epstein-Barr. Heterophilic AT is a random product of B-lymphoid proliferation( caused by the Epstein-Barr virus), they appear in the first week of infectious mononucleosis and gradually disappear upon recovery, they are usually not detected after 3-6 months.

    As the initial acute stage of infection becomes latent, in all cells the genomes of the Epstein-Barr virus( unique Ar) appear in large numbers, and the nuclear Ag is released into the environment. In response to Ag, specific AT-valuable markers of the disease stage are synthesized. Shortly after B-lymphocyte infection, early antigen( EA) is detected, a protein required for replication of the Epstein-Barr virus( and not a structural viral component).To the early Ar in the patient's body are synthesized AT classes IgM and IgG.Together with the full virion of the Epstein-Barr virus, there appear the Ag virus capsid( VCA) and the membrane Ar( MA).As the infectious process subsides, a small percentage of B-lymphocytes infected with the Epstein-Barr virus avoids immune destruction and retains the viral genome in a latent form. The nuclear Ag( EBNA) of the Epstein-Barr virus is responsible for its duplication and survival.

    Diagnosis of is based on the analysis of characteristic manifestations and the detection of mononuclear cells in the blood.

    Laboratory tests allow us to identify ATs to different Ag.

    It is recommended to observe a semi-fast diet and a gentle diet. It is necessary to gargle with disinfectant solutions. Vitamins, antipyretic, desensitizing, antiviral and antibacterial agents are also prescribed.

    For rinsing throat and pharynx use decoctions of calendula, chamomile, sage.

    Required: 1 tbsp.spoon bark of buckthorn, grass immortelle, grass sporish, herb St. John's wort, flowers of black elderberry, 750 ml of water.

    Method of preparation.

    3 tbsp. Spoon the mixture with water, boil over low heat for 5 minutes.

    How to use.

    Take 3/4 cup in a warm form for 20 minutes before eating.

    Required:

    for 4 tbsp.spoons of blackberry leaves with bluish, linden flowers of heartleaf, herb of weedweed, leaves of cowberry, black currant leaves, 5 tbsp.spoons of hawthorn fruit, fruits of ashberry ordinary, leaves of birch stratified, 2 tbsp.spoons of willow bark, oat seed seeds, 500 ml of water.

    Method of preparation.

    Ingredients mixed, 2-4 tbsp. Spoon the mixture with pour boiling water, insist for 1 hour, strain, add lemon juice and honey to taste.

    How to use.

    Take in a warm form for 1/4 cup 8-10 times a day.

    For the removal of symptoms of intoxication apply cranberry juice, also lime tea and strong black sweet tea with lemon.

    1 tbsp.spoon of dried elderberry flowers pour 1 cup of boiling water, insist for 25 minutes, then strain. Take 2 tbsp.spoons 5-6 times a day.

    Required:

    for 2 tbsp.spoons of medicinal sweet potatoes, flowers of marigold medicinal, chamomile herbs, willow leaves, weed grass, 3 tbsp.spoons of birch leaves, kidneys of Scotch pine, black currant leaves, mountain arnica leaves, 1 liter of water.

    Method of preparation.

    Ingredients to mix, then 5 tbsp. Spoon the mixture with boiling water. Insist 20 minutes, pour the infusion, squeeze the obtained raw materials and wrap them in gauze in the form of an envelope.

    How to use.

    Obtain the envelope applied on the submandibular area, put an oilcloth and a towel over it. The duration of the procedure is 15-25 minutes, for a course of 8-10 procedures, to be performed every other day.

    Within 1.5-2 months from the onset of the disease, do not exercise in order to prevent a possible rupture of the spleen.

    The prognosis of during treatment is favorable in time.

    There is no specific prophylaxis for .