Chronic vaginitis - causes, symptoms, treatment and characterization of the disease
The female reproductive system is prone to a variety of diseases. Almost every woman of reproductive age faced inflammatory problems.
The most common disease is inflammation of the mucous membranes of the vagina, that is, vaginitis. This disease has become widespread due to deteriorating environmental conditions and non-compliance with the rules of safe intimate life.
Because vaginitis is sexually transmitted, use protective equipment during sexual intercourse to avoid infection.
What is vaginitis?
When the pathogenic bacteria enter the mucous membranes of the female genitals, their active reproduction begins and inflammation occurs. This process can be accompanied by secretions from the vagina, an unpleasant odor and cause discomfort in a woman.
If you do not diagnose the disease in time and do not use drugs, then a chronic form can develop which leaves very serious consequences.
In chronic inflammation, the infection penetrates into the fallopian tubes, uterus, ovaries, and in the future it can lead to infertility. Undoubtedly, the treatment of a chronic disease should be carried out immediately after confirmation of the diagnosis in order to avoid terrible consequences.
Treatment of vaginitis in children
This disease can occur under certain conditions even in children. And due to the fact that the treatment of vaginitis in children requires the use of strong medications, it is necessary to avoid the occurrence of this infection in children in every possible way.
The reproductive system in girls is not developed enough to completely protect children's body from infection. Yes, and weakened by frequent illnesses, childhood immunity is not a good defense.
So that you do not have to give your child strong drugs from vaginitis, you should first of all be attentive to your parents. If the girl has the slightest symptoms of inflammation of the vagina, you should immediately be examined. And with the confirmation of the diagnosis, immediately begin treatment of vaginitis in children.
Types of the disease
There are two main varieties of vaginitis:
- Acute, characterized by severe burning and itching in the vaginal area, a large amount of unpleasant smelling mucus secretions is released;
- Chronic, manifests less pronounced symptoms, but treatment of chronic vaginitis requires a longer.
Symptoms of the disease
It should be remembered that vaginitis is transmitted sexually. That's why you should carefully treat your body in order not to infect your sexual partner in the future.
If a woman has an infection that causes vaginitis, the following symptoms are observed:
- Abundant discharge from the genital tract has a specific unpleasant odor and a viscous consistency;
- Severe itching and burning in the vagina;
- Pain and discomfort during intercourse;
- Unpleasant sensations in the vagina during urination;
- Sores on the vaginal mucosa( in chronic form).
Timely treatment of a chronic disease will not only avoid the deplorable consequences, but will also help to maintain the partner's confidence.
The most common factors contributing to the occurrence of vaginitis are:
- Transmission of the source of infection in unprotected intercourse;
To avoid infection, you should carefully consider the choice of sexual partners and use personal protective equipment - condoms.
- Weakened immunity and protective forces of the body;
Changes occur due to illnesses, malnutrition, stressful situations, prolonged use of antibiotics or hormonal drugs.
- Pregnancy onset;
When pregnancy changes the hormonal background of a woman, which can trigger the development of opportunistic microorganisms. Antibiotics are one of the main ways of treatment, and for a pregnant woman it is very undesirable.
- Hormonal diseases;
Dysfunction of the endocrine glands can cause changes in the level of hormones in the blood, which leads to the creation of favorable conditions for the development of infection.
- Mechanical effect on the genitals;
Abortion, the installation of intrauterine devices, diagnostic procedures increase the risk of disease.
Diagnosis and treatment
To accurately diagnose, it is necessary to conduct a study of a smear from the vagina.
After the diagnosis is established, general treatment is prescribed depending on the degree of development of the disease. Antibacterial drugs are mandatory, which will act on the cause of the disease. If necessary, antibiotics for vaginitis are used in a wide range.
The following preparations are prescribed in the complex from vaginitis: anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins, probiotics - preparations to restore normal microflora.
It is allowed to simultaneously perform local treatment aimed at relieving the condition of the genital organs, relieving itching, burning.