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Parenchyma of the kidney - its importance for the body and possible pathologies

  • Parenchyma of the kidney - its importance for the body and possible pathologies

    The renal parenchyma is considered the main tissue of this organ, which consists of cells of the brain and cortex - this is the inner and outer layers. The tissue has a smooth structure and together with the urine collection and extraction system it forms a connective capsule for the kidneys, which performs the main function - it is homeostasis, that is, maintenance of the internal environment in the body and excretion of metabolic products.

    The normal thickness of the human kidney parenchyma is approximately 15 - 23 mm and is largely dependent on overall health and age. Usually, the parenchyma begins to thin out after the person has undergone infectious pathologies, inferior treatment of the damage to the organs of the urinary system. Parenchyma can regenerate.

    Possible pathologies of the renal parenchyma

    Diffuse disorders of the structure of the renal parenchyma, revealed during the examination, indicate the presence of any pathology or additional kidney damage - urolithiasis, vascular diseases, etc.

    Among the pathologies of the parenchyma, the most common are malignant and benign types of tumors, oncology of kidney cells. Moreover, malignant tumors are very common. Approximately 85% of tumors are malignant. At the first stages of formation, they do not cause any symptoms, then with late diagnosis, the chances of recovery are greatly reduced. Now the only chance of complete or partial treatment of oncology of the kidneys is an operative intervention.

    Benign neoplasms include oncocytoma, angiomyolipoma and adenoma.

    This is important! Often the cyst of the renal parenchyma develops in the human body, which is a neoplasm, filled with a liquid, reaching a size of 5 cm. Single or multiple cysts appear, the latter occur much more often and are called polycystic kidney disease.

    A cyst can be treated with drug therapy or with the help of a surgical procedure. Basically, the propensity for the formation of cysts is inherited - from parents to their children. With active development of the disease, the echogenicity of the parenchyma increases, but the tumor sometimes provokes a decrease in echogenicity, and the edema of the organ in the child leads to the fact that the echogenicity of the kidney parenchyma is increased due to rupture of the tissues between them.

    The presence of calcification in the renal tissue

    Calcium in the kidney parenchyma is the deposition of calcium salts, in which the metabolism in the entire body is disrupted. This process is considered the most common among all pathologies associated with the appearance of stones. Calcinates are small areas of dead tissue of the kidney, which are covered from above with a deposit of calcium salts. Such neoplasms form in places of infiltration inflammations in the kidney and often manifest simultaneously with other lesions.

    The presence of a single calcite does not correlate with the cancer process, but multiple neoplasms may indicate the onset of a malignant tumor. Calcinates are diagnosed in adults and children, regardless of gender, age group.

    In special treatment the human body with calcinants does not need. It is important to pay attention to additional diseases of an infectious and inflammatory nature.

    Calcium parenchyma of the right kidney or left kidney can be removed by surgery, but this treatment is ineffective and does not always provoke the desired result. In this regard, it is easier to prevent calcification formation.

    This is important! Preventative measures are very simple. It is required to regularly monitor the health status, follow the doctor's recommendations regarding a healthy lifestyle and nutrition. It is necessary to pay attention to the quality of food consumed, the consumption volumes and the mineral composition of drinking water, and during the bearing of the child, it should be more closely related to the health and health of the unborn child.

    Do not forget that the treatment of all lesions of the kidneys and organs of the urinary system should be full and timely. It is better not to start pathology.

    Glomerulonephritis or parenchymal compaction

    Glomerulonephritis is the most common pathology among all inflammatory lesions of the kidney.classify the chronic and acute type of the course of the disease.

    In 90% of cases, the manifestation of the acute form of glomerulonephritis is facilitated by the infectious process. Basically, these are diseases of the respiratory system, pustular pathology of the skin, etc.kidney disease can be possible after even a mild exacerbation of the chronic form of tonsillitis. Everything will depend on the degree of energy protection of the organ, and also on the circulation of energy in the renal meridians, in the lungs and in the bladder. The infection in the kidneys provokes damage to the glomeruli, and the membrane of the capillaries located in the glomeruli.

    Acute form often becomes a consequence of an allergic reaction of the body to certain foods or medications.

    This is important! Frequent manifestations of acute glomerulonephritis are swelling, detection of protein in the urine, increase in blood pressure.

    At the first stages of the development of the disease, changes are practically not noticeable. On the eighth - the tenth day of development of pathology, changes are detected and they can be diagnosed by organizing a puncture biopsy or ultrasound examination. In this case, patients tend to complain of low back pain, weakness, shortness of breath, headaches, lack of appetite, nausea with vomiting, pain and a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, pain in the heart, palpitations.

    It is also characteristic of a rapid increase in swelling and a relatively rapid disappearance afterwards. When the disease starts violently, blood pressure rises. When the diagnosis is established a thickening of the parenchyma of the kidney.

    The chronic form of glomerulonephritis is characterized by damage to the glomeruli. The disease is delayed for years and decades and is characterized by multiple clinical signs, which eventually causes the development of renal failure.

    Chronic glomerulonephritis develops immediately after acute or after some time. The primary chronic form is classified, for which a developing decrease in the size of the kidneys is characteristic, when simultaneously the compaction of the renal parenchyma begins.

    The chronic form is characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations. In medicine, a mixed, nephrotic and hematological form of pathology is distinguished. In some situations, the disease progresses at a high rate and is supplemented by all the syndromes characteristic for it, in other cases there is a slow progression characterized by an erased symptomatology. At times, the disease manifests itself only by minor pathological impairments in the composition of urine.

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