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What is a dead kidney, how dangerous is this pathology and what is the treatment

  • What is a dead kidney, how dangerous is this pathology and what is the treatment

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    The dead kidney is a lesion that doctors deny the lack of functions in the organ.

    When getting serious burns, increased potassium concentration in the human body, when dehydrated, the kidneys can also start to function poorly and cause the cells and tissues of the organ to die.

    Why the kidneys do not work properly

    The following are the diseases that cause kidney death:

    1. Diabetic form of nephropathy - when sugar in the bloodstream is poorly processed in the body. At the same time, not extracted sugar accumulates in the blood and begins to poison it.
    2. Increase in blood pressure - while the small vessels in the kidneys are damaged, they stop working correctly, causing accumulation of decomposition products.
    3. Glomerular pathologies are degenerative, autoimmune and infectious.
    4. Congenital anomalies and hereditary diseases. For example, hereditary polycystosis in the kidneys contributes to the deterioration of the organ and causes its death.
    5. Other kidney damage - getting injured or poisoned can disrupt the functioning of the body. Uncontrolled consumption of drugs also negatively affects the activity of the kidneys, especially the risk of taking aspirin, ibufen, etc. Anesthetics should be taken only after a doctor's permission.
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    How dying of the kidney develops and develops

    Several basic symptoms of kidney damage are known in medicine when it is necessary to visit a doctor as soon as possible. If the problems are identified in a timely manner and the treatment is properly managed, the kidneys will not lose their functions.

    To the manifestations of an alarming nature are:

    • Frequent urges and urination during the day - usually more than seven.
    • Frequent urge to urinate at night - in normal condition with proper organization of drinking regimen nocturnal urges are absent at all.
    • Changing the shade of urine - redness, darkening.
    • Painful sensations and pain in the process of urination. Difficulty of leaving urine.
    • An admixture of blood in the urine.
    • Aching in low back.
    • Not passing increase in blood pressure indicators.

    This is important! When diagnosing the death of one of the kidneys, one should not despair. Throughout the world, millions of people fully live with one organ, sometimes even without noticing this feature in the body. But the full vital activity is possible only at health of a paired kidney. And to save it, you need to go to the nephrologist on a regular basis, follow the diet and lifestyle in general.

    How is the diagnosis of dead kidneys performed?

    Special functional tests help to diagnose the inability of kidney function. Laboratory tests provide important information only if the disease is active and damages two kidneys at the same time or is supplemented by the development of insufficiency. This changes the composition of blood, urine.

    While maintaining the health of the paired organ in most situations, the analysis of urine and blood does not change, and the development of the disease helps identify two methods, namely: ultrasound examination of the kidneys and excretory urography.

    This is important! Ultrasound diagnosis does not allow to study carefully the excretory work of the kidneys, but thanks to this method, you can identify structural features, blood circulation, the presence of pathological neoplasms or concrements. If the kidney was wrinkled on ultrasound and did not have a full size, then the doctor has the right to confirm a dead kidney.

    Get an accurate answer to the question helps excretory urography - this is an X-ray method, in which a contrast agent is injected into the vein. Currently, contrasts are used with iodine content. The introduction is contraindicated for people with high sensitivity or allergies prone to development.

    After the introduction of a contrast agent, it is excreted by the kidneys - at this moment and pictures are taken. In the normal state, the injected substance is released after 5 to 7 minutes and takes about 20 to 25 minutes. If the images did not show a departure of contrast, then a dead kidney is diagnosed.

    When it is possible to effectively treat the disease

    Before beginning treatment of the kidneys, it is necessary to establish the main cause of their damage. Such diseases are often not given to treatment, and dialysis or implantation of the body is used to normalize the state of health. There are two types of dialysis:

    1. When hemodialysis, all the human blood passes through a special filter that cleans the blood of the decomposition products. Pure blood enters the circulatory system. Hemodialysis can be implemented in a special center, and the procedure itself takes four hours three times a week.
    2. Peritoneal dialysis - the process is realized through the peritoneum, where the doctor enters the catheter, through which fluid enters, connecting the blood products of metabolic processes in the body. After a certain time, the liquid is sucked from the abdominal cavity. Each person can carry out the described procedure independently, then the fluid needs to be changed four times a day.

    There is another type of dialysis, in which, thanks to an automated device, the fluid is pumped out and pumped into the abdominal space.

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