Pain in the eye - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.
Apr 18, 2018
The eye is the organ of vision. Pain in the eye can be caused by diseases of the eyeball( orbit) or structures around the eyes.
The eye has a number of components. These components include, but are not limited to, the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, optic nerve, vascular and vitreous. The cornea is in the front of the eye, which transmits and focuses light into the eyes. The pupil is a hole in the iris that helps regulate the amount of light that gets into the eyes. Inside the eyes contains a transparent substance, which facilitates the entry of light onto the retina.
Retina is the nerve layer in the back of the eye, catches light and creates impulses that travel through the optic nerve to the brain. The macula is a small patch of the retina that contains special light-sensitive cells and allows us to see the fine details clearly. The optic nerve is a nerve that stretches from the eye to the brain and carries the impulses formed on the retina to the visual cortex of the brain. The vascular layer is a thin layer between the vascular sclera and the retina of the eye, it provides the eye cells with oxygen and nutrients.
The vitreous humor is a transparent jelly-like substance that fills the lens of the eye. Medical terms denoting pain in the eyes - ophthalmalgia( ophthalmalgia) and ophthalmology( ophthalmodynia).
In glaucoma, due to high intraocular pressure, the patient often has severe pain inside the eye. Patients characterize the pain as pressing, stress the appearance of aches in the eye, the sensation of a foreign body. This condition is also typical for an acute attack of glaucoma.
diseases that can cause pain in the eyes
• Burns( first aid)
• Optic neuritis
• Syndrome Sjogren
Possible causes pain
eyes • Corneal abrasion
• Infections, including herpes viruses, fungi, as well as bacterial infections( common infections and viruses often cause pain in the eyes when looking at bright light called photophobia)
• Iritis( also called uveitis, ankilosirspondylitis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis)
• keratoconjunctivitis Sikka
• Object in the eyes( foreign substances, sand, contact lenses, etc.)
• pingvecula( thickened portion of the eyeball conjunctiva)
• Sinus problems( sinusitis,polyps)
• Subconjunctival hemorrhage( although usually painless)
• Trauma( direct stroke, surgery)
• Tumors or around the eyes( rarely)
Undoubtedly the most common cause of pain and discomfort in the eyesincorrectly selected glasses or contact lenses may be used. If there are no complications, doctors prescribe means that help restore the tissues of the eye surface, the most effective use of ophthalmic gel and drops for the eyes. Eliminates the causes of discomfort gel "Korneregel".It includes carbomer on a soft gel base, which retains full hydration, and dexpanthenol, which has a healing effect. For those who feel discomfort and dryness 3 or more times a day, it is worth choosing the drops of "Artelak Balance", which combine a unique combination of hyaluronic acid and vitamin B12.Hyaluronic acid on the surface of the eye forms a film that provides long-lasting hydration. The action of hyaluronic acid prolongs the special protector. Vitamin B12 - the strongest antioxidant, protecting cells from damage by free radicals. For those who experience discomfort not more than 2-3 times a day, the "Artelak Splash" drops, which have hyaluronic acid as part of the composition, provide instant moisturizing. Regardless of the symptoms for the prevention of discomfort and dryness, it is good to use in the complex these eye drops with gel based on dexpanthenol.