Kidney pathologies, symptoms of kidney disease and their treatment
Kidney pathology is currently one of the most serious problems of modern medicine. Any symptoms of kidney disease should not be triggered. But many pathologies have a hidden form of flow.
Modern medicine classifies several major manifestations of kidney damage, namely:
- urinary syndrome;
- nephrotic syndrome;
- acute kidney failure;
- chronic kidney failure;
- tubular dysfunction.
Some of these syndromes show a detailed picture of the disease, when patients complain of specific symptoms. This should include hypertension and nephrotic syndrome. In order to identify other syndromes, a special diagnosis will be required.
In some situations, signs of kidney disease indicate unilateral kidney damage. Sometimes the symptomatology of the disease occurs only at the very beginning of its development. And then it does not happen again. Such manifestations suggest a thorough study of the medical history, because the term of the presence of the syndrome may indicate the features of pathology and the nuances of the organization of the medical process.
Causes of lesions
In order to establish which symptoms of kidney disease occur in a given situation, it is necessary to establish the causes of organ damage. The main causes of diseases are various negative effects on the human body.some lesions occur due to the penetration of the infection into the body of a bacterial or viral nature.
Poor functioning of the kidneys reflects a violation of urinary diversion. Provoke a malfunction of the kidneys can form a cyst or a tumor. Also, the causes of diseases are the violation of metabolic processes, autoimmune pathologies, congenital abnormalities of the structure, impairment of the functional activity of the kidney tissue.also the kidney function is violated in connection with the formation of stones in them.
Symptomatic lesions of
All signs of kidney disease in women and men can be classified into general and characteristic manifestations. General symptomatology is difficult only for kidney lesions. If a person assumes the presence of kidney disease, then general manifestations should be given special attention. To clarify the nature of pathology, it is better to visit a specialist.
Kidney disease usually occurs through some common manifestations. The first signs of kidney disease are a slight chills and some discomfort, so the patient feels inexplicable fatigue. But the same manifestations can be observed in colds, and kidney pain usually does not develop immediately. To prevent the progression of the disease at this stage, it is sufficient to consume more hot fluid.
If a person does not pay attention to the first symptoms, then they continue to increase. Appears fever, raises body temperature, over time, pain develops in the waist and back from the affected kidney. The general signs of kidney disease include an increase in blood pressure. At this stage of the disease development it is necessary to entrust the treatment to a professional.
Characteristic manifestations of kidney pathologies include swelling of the face, around the eyes and throughout the body, especially in obese people. In women with kidney diseases, puffiness is especially pronounced during pregnancy.
Also, in renal pathologies, people often complain about problems with urinary incontinence. With some diseases, pain and burning sensation appear in the process of urination, there is a very frequent urination or, on the contrary, very rare urination. At times it is completely absent.
Another characteristic feature of kidney disease is changes in the composition and color of urine - it becomes cloudy and its hue changes markedly due to the content of blood particles in it.
If you find any of the above signs, a person should immediately visit a doctor who will determine the cause of the lesion and make an accurate diagnosis. Self-medication with the use of medications can significantly worsen the health and cause serious complications.
Chronic and hereditary lesions of
Sometimes it happens that manifestations of kidney damage in children are observed immediately after birth. In such a situation, it is necessary to check the child for the presence of hereditary pathology. At the same time throughout life, a person will have to avoid recurrence of the disease through the implementation of preventive measures - active lifestyle, consumption of sufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals. In the case of a severe form of pathology, periodic medication prescribed by the doctor will be required.
Symptoms of kidney disease in men and women of a chronic nature are observed in the case of the organization of improper treatment of the acute stage of pathology. If, after the manifestation of kidney damage, a person refused to visit a doctor, then after a while he develops a chronic form of the disease. In order to prevent the transition of any renal pathology into a chronic form, timely and adequate treatment, proper nutrition immediately after the discovery of the first signs of lesion, is necessary.
Treatment of kidney damage
If there is any indication of renal disease, especially if there are painful symptoms in kidney disease, you should seek help from a specialist urologist as soon as possible.
The doctor accepts the patient, conducts a thorough examination, appoints the delivery of blood and urine tests, ultrasound examination of the kidneys, ultrasound examination of the bladder, urography of the kidneys and if necessary, other examinations that help to make an accurate diagnosis.
Only after an accurate diagnosis of the disease can you begin treatment. Which is also developed by the attending physician.
Prognosis and prevention of kidney damage
Forecasts for the treatment of renal pathologies depend entirely on the form of the course of the disease, the stage of its development, the time of the doctor's visit and the adequacy of the prescribed treatment. In acute forms of glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, urolithiasis, the prognosis remains favorable, and patients achieve full recovery. But in the chronic course of renal pathology, treatment can be delayed for several years, and if a kidney failure occurs, the prognosis may be unfavorable.
To prevent the development of kidney disease, you must avoid hypothermia, always in time organize the treatment of inflammatory processes in the body. Refuse the consumption of alcoholic beverages and other toxic substances, maintain proper nutrition and in case of a risk of developing pathology or people with a predisposition to kidney lesions should adhere to a special diet.