Inflammers, legs, palms sweat heavily - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.
Every day, on average, a person emits 700-900 ml of sweat. During exercise or while eating hot food, secretion of sweat may increase. The process of sweating speeds up stress, anxiety and spicy dishes.
Sweating is a natural physiological process, involved in thermoregulation( maintaining a constant body temperature of 36.6 ° C) of the body. The sweat secretion cleans the body of metabolites( free radicals) and other excess substances in the body( sodium, potassium, calcium chloride and urea, amino acids, vitamins, drugs) is the answer to the question of why people sweat. In addition, sweat plays an important role in the formation of a specific body fragrance( pheromones), which is necessary for full sexual intercourse.
Allocations from sweat glands are similar in composition to urine. Sweat consists of 98-99% water and urea, uric acid, ammonia, chlorine, potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron. The composition of sweat is individual for each person, depending on hormonal factors and vital activity.
There are 2 types of sweat glands:
Acrylic - small, scattered around the perimeter of the skin. Their secret is without color and smell. They are involved only in the process of thermoregulation of the body.
Apocrine( perfumery) - come in different sizes. Localized in the armpits and in the genital area. Their hyperfunction falls on the process of puberty. The secret of the glands is a viscous liquid with a characteristic aroma.
The process of excessive sweating is called hyperhidrosis. About 1% of the world's population suffers from this disease. There are many types of hyperhidrosis depending on the localization of the process: hyperhidrosis of the armpits( sweaty armpits), legs( sweats heavily), less often the hands, face, back, groin.
Causes of excessive sweating
Why sweat underarms, legs and palms? There are many reasons for this. First, in these areas of the body a large number of sweat glands, and secondly, provoke sweating the following factors:
1. Emotion and stress. For sweating, hormones of stress( adrenaline and cortisol) respond.
2. Consumption of food for sharp meals.
3. Hormonal changes( menopause, puberty).
5. High ambient temperature.
6. Increased humidity.
7. Physical loading.
8. Chronic and acute intoxication.
9. Acute and chronic diseases.
10. Metabolic disorders.
Diseases in which you strongly sweat
The first symptoms of increased sweating usually appear in adolescence, and the peak of hyperactivity of the sweat glands falls on the age of 20-30 years. Similarly, the smell from the sweat glands depends on the bacterial activity on the surface of the skin.
Excessive sweating of a specific area of the body, most often, is associated with an emotional reaction to stress. This is usually a sweating of the hands, armpits or less often other parts of the body( legs, back).
Sometimes sweating is a signal of any disorder in the body or evidence of a serious illness. More often with such violations, the entire body sweats heavily. Such diseases include:
• Hormonal, endocrine disorders( hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus);
• Enhanced pancreatic function;
• Neurological diseases( neuropathy);
• Viral and bacterial infections( AIDS, tuberculosis, etc.);
• Some tumors( adrenal tumor, Hodgkin's disease);
• Alcohol poisoning;
• Kidney disease;
• A bad diet with a high salt content;
• Obesity, etc.
Treatment for sweating
If you sweat heavily, you should first of all address the cause that caused excessive sweating. It is necessary to carefully examine the therapist, phthisiatrist, neurologist, endocrinologist and start diagnosing the disease with its treatment.
The essence of symptomatic treatment is to block the activity of sweat glands in order to reduce sweat secretions.
If excessive sweating is caused by the peculiarities of the body, prescribe fortifying agents( multivitamins, calcium, phosphorus, iron, etc.), limit the intake of liquid.
If under stressful situations armpits or palms sweat heavily, soothing drugs( Leonurus preparations, valerian) inside will help.
In any case, strict observance of the rules of personal hygiene, careful skin care( frequent washing of sweating body areas, common warm baths, regular linen change) are necessary.
For a while, wipe the skin with 12% salicylic alcohol, camphor alcohol, 5% aqueous solution of alum, 2-5% alcohol solution of zinc sulfate.
If feet or armpits perspire, the skin in these areas is powdered with drying and disinfecting powders.
Shoes and clothing should be well-ventilated, it is unacceptable to wear synthetic tight clothing.
Often patients complain of excessive sweating in summer during the 30-40-degree heat, this sweating is not considered high, so the body tries to avoid overheating and sweat - its normal reaction. Armpits usually swing, palms of hands and feet, less often - chest and back. If there is discomfort in this case, antiperspirants and some folk remedies, such as baths with decoction of the oak bark( if the whole body or armpits are sweating), leg baths with oak bark or alum( if the feet are sweating) will help in such cases. On sale there are special insoles, used for sweating feet. Unfortunately, folk remedies help only with insignificant sweating.
The most effective method of treating hyperhidrosis is the administration of botulinum toxin( the same botox used in cosmetology to prevent the appearance or fixation of wrinkles that have already appeared) to places with increased sweating. The effect of drugs is manifested in a decrease in the secretion of sweat glands.
In cases of severe sweating of the armpits, surgical treatment is used in extreme cases.
More information on cosmetics, preparations and surgery for the treatment of excessive sweating in the article "Hyperhidrosis"
When you need to see a doctor if you sweat strongly
If, despite personal hygiene and the use of cosmetic and folk remedies, sweating with a characteristic odor is not eliminated - youyou can not do without the help of a professional. You can refer to a dermatologist, therapist, surgeon or even a neurologist in the following cases:
• Significant weight loss due to excessive sweating.
• Hyperhidrosis accompanied by increased temperature, cardiovascular disorders, exhaustion.
• The skin becomes red, flaky, itching or pain.
• Sweating appears suddenly, for no apparent reason.
• Excessive sweating becomes a psychological problem. Hyperhidrosis is something unpleasant and embarrassing for a person and can cause severe psychological discomfort. Patients begin to avoid communication and this leads to certain emotional disturbances, and in the subsequent to anxiety and depression.
Diagnosis of "hyperhidrosis" is made on the basis of anamnesis and clinical picture of the disease. Laboratory tests( blood and urine analysis) are necessary in cases when it is necessary to exclude systemic disorders that lead to stimulation of sweat glands.
Doctor cosmetologist Kondratenko NA