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Hoarseness, loss of voice - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.

  • Hoarseness, loss of voice - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF.

    Symptoms that are similar to Hoarseness:

    • Severed voice
    • Voice roughness
    • Voice loss

    Ossiparity of voice - impossibility to speak loudly. Most often happens with diseases of the larynx. Hoarse , as a rule, is caused by irritation or damage to the vocal cords. The vocal cords are located in the larynx between the pharynx and the trachea, with their help the sound is produced. The larynx is an organ in the form of a tube in the neck.

    We use the larynx when we breathe, talk, swallow. Its outer wall is protected by the cartilage in the region of the anterior part of the neck, this is called the Adam's apple. Vocal cords are two muscle groups that are located in the "V" form inside the larynx.

    Hoarseness of can be caused by a number of conditions. The most common cause of hoarseness is the inflammation of the vocal cords from a viral infection. Hoarseness can also be caused by bacterial infection, excessive use of voice( eg, with screaming and singing), inhalation of irritants( smoking, etc.), chronic sinusitis, acid release from the stomach, tuberculosis, syphilis and laryngeal cancer.

    Cough preparations are sometimes used to prevent recurrences of vocal cuff irritation. Hoarseness, which persists for more than 2 weeks should be evaluated by a doctor.

    Diseases that may cause Hoarseness

  • Viral or bacterial infection - acute laryngitis
  • Laryngeal neoplasms - cysts, polyps, fibromas and tumors of the laryngeal lining.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease( GERD, heartburn)
    • Laryngitis
    • Laryngeal cancer
    • Reflux Laryngitis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Venereal diseases in men( male STDs)
    • Sexually transmitted diseases in women( STIs)
    • Sinus infection
    •Sigren's syndrome
    • Smoking( How to quit smoking)
    • Syphilis in women
    • Tuberculosis
  • Possible causes of Hoarseness

    • After removal of the respiratory tubes for the
    fan • Bacterial Laryngitis
    • Cancer that spreadsCountries on the larynx
    • Excessive( screaming, singing, etc.)
    • Viral laryngitis

    Treatment of hoarseness

    Examples of drugs hoarseness

    chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone, Tussionex

    What to do in case of hoarseness?

    If a hoarse voice appeared suddenly on the background of ARI, most likely it is an acute laryngitis. In this situation it makes sense to use on inhalation sprays of bioparox, gum and other preparations with emollients( menthol, sage).It is very important to do the injection at a time of deep inspiration. Rinsing the throat in cases where the voice is hoarse, and the throat does not hurt - absolutely useless. It is very important to maintain a voice rest( do not talk unnecessarily, do not whisper or scream), refuse to smoke and from acute, sour and hot food.

    Many with the first symptoms of a cold begin to actively drink hot milk with honey or hot tea with lemon. All that you achieve by these procedures is a burn of the pharynx mucosa and increased irritation of the mucous membrane with citric acid.

    Which doctors should I use for prolonged hoarseness?

    Otolaryngologist( ENT, phoniatrist)