How to know if the kidneys are aching and pinpoint the cause of the developing disease?
Every day, the kidneys, which are the main filters of the human body, pass about 2,000 liters of blood through themselves. Kidneys are the most important organ, therefore it is required to have information about how to know whether the kidneys are aching. These organs cleanse the blood of waste and eliminate all unnecessary and harmful substances from the body.
While the organs of the urinary system work without failures, people do not even remember about them, and after all, preventive examinations and diagnosis of lesions in the early stages of development makes it possible to achieve full recovery.
Mild pain and discomfort in the lumbar region, during urination, a pulling feeling in the lower abdomen may be the first implicit signs of the disease. But people pay attention to the problem only after it becomes obvious and without antibiotic therapy and other more serious methods simply can not do.
Examination and examination as a method for diagnosing lesions of the kidneys
When a patient is asked to diagnose a kidney disease and establish an exact complaint, the doctor proceeds from a general semiotics of the kidney lesions and seeks more complete coverage of the present signs of the disease.
When carrying out a general examination of the patient, the doctor easily observes puffiness, pallor of the skin that is common throughout the body and, in particular, on the skin of the face. With large swelling, the patient's face becomes unrecognizable and loses its shape, and with a slight puffiness, a slight puffiness is formed. The first manifestations of edema are formed under the eyes of
This is important! When examining the area of the kidneys, it is often observed non-strong protrusions due to large tumor neoplasms. If protrusion was triggered by the accumulation of a large amount of pus, then there is also a strong puffiness and redness of the skin on the affected area.
If there is pain in the kidney area, people begin to take forced postures, bending the trunk toward the affected kidney and pressing the leg from the affected side. This position allows you to achieve a reduction in tension and intensity of pain.
Palpation as a method of diagnosing lesions of the kidneys
Palpation is one of the most important ways of physical examination of the kidneys. The patient lies on his back, stretching his legs, or on his side, pressing his legs to the body.
When you feel the kidneys, the doctor first of all pays attention to their size, consistency, shape, mobility and sensitivity. In a normal state, the kidney will not be probed, and an increase in its size of 1.5 to 2 times makes it palpable even without additional displacement.
Healthy kidneys do not differentiate at X-ray. Good results help to get the radiograph of two kidneys at once - it's much easier to establish a violation of the size of the organ or a change in their location. More complete data can be obtained through the implementation of pyelography.
During the radiography of the renal pelvis and calyxes, I form a kind of figure in shape, which is located almost symmetrically on both sides of the 12th rib. Healthy ureters move away from the kidneys towards the spine, creating obtuse angles and forming curvatures, the convexities of which are turned to the spine.
This is important! Legs extending from the ureters are located on the anterior surface of the transverse processes, almost parallel to the spine. When they enter the small pelvis they form the second curvatures, the convexities of which are unfolded outwards.
Measurement of blood pressure
Measurement of blood pressure also allows you to answer the question of how to check whether kidneys are hurting in humans. Pressure indicators can identify and track one of the main signs of kidney damage - hypertension. No experienced physician refuses to perform a blood pressure measurement for patients with renal pathologies.
Cystoscopy and catheterization of the ureters as a diagnostic method
Cystoscopy is performed with the help of special devices, thanks to which the doctor can inspect the mucosal surface in the bladder, the outlets in the ureters, monitor the release of urine from them, introduce catheters into the ureters to receive and studyurine separately from each kidney.
The above possibilities make it possible to obtain a large number of important diagnostic manifestations in the defeat of the organs of the urinary system and the kidneys.
Thus, one-sided pathology is established.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: