Diet in kidney tumors, as the basis of disease management
Kidney tumors rank 10th among all emerging tumors that can be both benign and malignant. It should be noted that in men, kidney tumors are more common than in women.
The contributing factors and causes of a kidney tumor are:
- Smoking, alcohol.
- Genetic factor.
- Abuse of certain analgesics.
- Diabetes mellitus, hypertension.
- Contact with chemicals, etc.
In case of malignant disease, a radical method of treatment is used - nephrectomy( surgical removal of the kidney).At the same time, the remaining body is forced to perform its function "for two", the load on a single kidney is doubled. Diet with a kidney tumor must be observed by the patient, as the success of his treatment largely depends on this.
Therefore, an important point is balanced balanced nutrition, as well as adherence to a special diet.
Kidney tumor diet is the basis of
treatment. The restriction of protein intake of animal origin. Meat, fish, poultry - boiled or steamed. It is recommended the use of milk proteins. Desirable: sour-milk products, lean milk, cottage cheese. Butter and cream are strictly limited. Limit the intake of liquid( up to 1 liter a day).
You can drink:
- Broth of dog rose.
Salt is limited, sometimes - completely eliminated. Food dosalivaetsya, being ready, but not in the process of cooking. Nutrition is fractional, often and little by little.
You can not:
- Carbonated drinks.
- Creams, cakes.
- Saturated broths( meat, mushroom and fish).
- Strong tea, coffee.
- Acute, salty, smoked, fried.
- Alcohol. Canned food and ready-made snacks.
The diet should be balanced, be sure to contain products of vegetable origin. Fruits, vegetables and berries - in raw form. Grains and cereals are allowed, preferably sprouted. You can have eggs in limited quantities.
Fans of fried foods should remember that when the oil is heated, carcinogenic substances are formed in it. This happens in boiling oil( French fries, fried chebureks, etc.)
An example of a daily diet for a kidney tumor:
- The first breakfast: curd pudding, a weak tea with honey, an apple.
- Second breakfast: Grated carrots with prunes, dried apricots, low-fat yogurt or sour cream. Soup: Rice or buckwheat soup. Stew of vegetables. A piece of bread from wholemeal flour. Kissel is apple or fruit and berry.
- Dinner: Porridge is barley or oatmeal. Cutlets fish steam. Broth of wild rose and rye rusk.
- At night: a glass of low-fat kefir or curdled milk.
Control of protein, sodium and phosphorus - a prerequisite for
Proteins are an important "building material" for the body. But if the renal function is impaired, the process of excretion of slags, products of protein decay, is disrupted. Therefore, with kidney disease, protein intake is limited and strictly controlled, as this component plays an important role in the metabolism.
Phosphorus is found in almost all food products. If there is a violation of the kidneys, there is an accumulation of phosphorus in the body, as the removal of excess salts does not occur properly. From the bones, calcium is washed out, they become brittle, which leads to the appearance of osteoporosis.
Sodium entering the body with salt, detains fluid( water) in the body, which leads to the appearance of edema and increased blood pressure( blood pressure).Therefore, it is recommended to reduce the intake of sodium in the body in violation of kidney function.
Rational nutrition and adherence to a diet with a kidney tumor will help reduce the risk of kidney disease, including tumors. Adherence to the principles of rational nutrition significantly improves the overall well-being of patients and normalizes metabolic processes in the body.