Determination of total protein in the blood during pregnancy
Mar 10, 2018
Protein in the blood during pregnancy is an important indicator of the state of the body. Therefore, its definition is always assigned in this state. The term "total protein" includes the total number of all protein formations in the serum.
The protein in the human body is an organic polymer and the main structural unit of all cells and systems, most important processes can not occur without its participation. Its main functions are as follows:
- participation in the process of immunity development;
- transfer of substances and microelements with blood flow to all organs;
- blood clotting.
It is the protein in the blood that determines its basic rheological properties, and its indices directly indicate the state of homeostasis.
Norms of protein during pregnancy
When a doctor is prescribed a lot of research and tests. The most objective check of the body for normal kidney function is urinalysis. In a day with a normal course of pregnancy, kidneys excrete not more than 120 mg of protein. An increase in this indicator may indicate that a pathological process can develop which can arise exclusively during pregnancy - gestosis( nephropathy).
Of course, this is a significant increase, as minor fluctuations around the normal index can be associated with physical or psycho-emotional overloads.
During gestosis, the characteristic symptoms are also high blood pressure and edema formation. If you identify these signs at an early stage, you can take timely action, and prevent the development of preeclampsia and eclampsia( cerebral edema and pronounced convulsive syndrome).These serious conditions can be dangerous for the life of the mother and her future baby.
How to donate blood correctly?
In the serum, the protein during normal pregnancy varies between 63-83 g / l. During the entire period of pregnancy the process of blood donation is appointed several times. This should be done only on an empty stomach, which for many women in the situation presents certain difficulties, since the toxicosis is exacerbated by the lack of morning meals. Nevertheless, it is necessary to suffer, because the result of the research depends on this.
An unscheduled appointment of the analysis the doctor recommends in the event that signs of trouble appear and it becomes necessary to confirm or deny the presence of:
- tumor process;
- liver disease or kidney problems;
- acute or chronic infections;
- systemic diseases.
Reduction of the protein
This phenomenon, such as a decrease in the level of total protein in the serum in pregnant women, or hypoproteinemia, can occur with a decreased intake of protein with food( with diet or toxicosis) or with problems of absorption( chronic gastrointestinal diseases), may indicate a diseaseliver and the violation of its synthesis( parenchymal hepatitis, carcinoma, metastatic lesions).To similar results results flooding of an organism, and increase in volume of a liquid part of blood.
Reduction of the total protein can also be recorded with thermal burns, when its enhanced decomposition occurs in the body, cancer cancers, thyrotoxicosis, certain hereditary diseases, strong physical overload can cause the same process.
Minor changes in the direction of decline can be detected due to the fact that during pregnancy the total volume of blood increases, since the need for blood supply appears with intensive growth of the fetus.
Increase in protein during pregnancy
Increase in the value of total protein can be noted during pregnancy only in some cases, but this result indicates serious abnormalities in the body and is an alarm. This can happen in such cases:
- Expressed acute infectious diseases or exacerbation of chronic infection.
- Autoimmune processes, such as cranial lupus, glomerulonephritis, reactive arthritis.
- In case of myeloma or lymphogranulomatosis, when there is a hyperproduction of the pathological protein and paraproteinemia occurs.
- Decrease in the liquid component of blood( with severe vomiting, diarrhea, development of nephritis).
What can I do?
Before interpreting the results of biochemical analysis, you should make sure that it has been performed correctly, with all the requirements of the doctor. If the protein values are very different from the normal values, then in such cases it is necessary to find out what the reason for this phenomenon is.
In the case when a pregnant woman has a low protein in the blood, the child may have a developmental inhibition, since this component is necessary for the construction of all organs and systems of the future organism. Therefore, timely treatment of a doctor with this problem can prevent many negative consequences not only for the mother, but also for the baby.
If the protein in a pregnant woman is lowered due to not getting it into the body from the outside, then you should reconsider the diet and introduce more foods with high protein content. It's cheese, all kinds of dairy products, beans. Must eat meat dishes.
With violations of the gastrointestinal tract, all efforts should be directed to the elimination of inflammatory processes in the stomach, take enveloping agents, reduce the consumption of fat, spicy and sweet dishes.
Many pathological conditions require immediate treatment of narrow specialists( gastroenterologist, oncologist, rheumatologist, endocrinologist) to decide on further tactics of pregnancy management and the possibility of providing maximum assistance with minimal consequences for the unborn child.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: