Atheroma on the back and methods how to get rid of it
Mar 26, 2018
The Russian people have long known a seemingly innocuous disease, like a wen. The scientific name of the pathological process is atheroma, which is a cystic-dilated sebaceous gland. Allocate atheroma congenital and arose secondary.
Congenital atheromas are a kind of benign tumor of the skin. Such formations have different sizes, most often located on the skin of the scalp and scrotum.
A characteristic feature is their painlessness upon palpation.
Secondary infections are caused by a disturbance in the outflow of sebum from the sebaceous gland. Palpation of their painful, the skin over them has a pale-gray shade. The most characteristic in such cases is an atheroma on the back, neck, skin of the head, on the face, as well as on the earlobes and genitals.
What causes the disease?
The emergence of secondary atheromas, or epidermal cysts, contributes to background skin diseases( seborrhea, acne), various disorders of metabolic processes occurring in the body, negative environmental factors.
Many scientists in a number of factors that provoke the development of atheroma, put hereditary characteristics of the body.
According to specialists, the preferred location of the pathological process in hyperhidrosis is atheroma on the back, and with metabolic disorders, atheroma on the face is most often met.
Pathogenesis or mechanisms of the development of the disease
Seizure of the sebaceous glands, in large numbers located on the surface of our skin, leads to the occurrence of inflammatory phenomena. In some cases, around the epidermal cyst, excessive development of connective tissue is noted, which in the future can lead to a persistent skin defect.
It is also possible the gradual development of atheroma. In this case, the pathological process taking place in the thickness of the skin develops gradually. Over time, the cyst swells and opens with the release of sebum, dropped epithelial cells, hair particles.
The addition of a secondary infection is not excluded, which results in such a relatively unfavorable clinical indication, like pyesis of atheroma. In this case, a microscopic examination of the epidermal cyst to be separated reveals a large number of microorganisms, pathogens of purulent-inflammatory diseases.
How to get rid of atheroma?
Traditionally, the main way to remove atheroma is surgical intervention. However, today experts from all over the world insist on conservative therapy. At present, in addition to surgical treatment, such methods of therapy as laser and radio wave removal of the epidermal cyst are very popular.
Laser treatment is used in uncomplicated forms and relatively small dimensions of the pathological process. After opening the abscess, the opening of the cavity is treated with a laser.
An alternative to laser treatment is the radio wave removal method, which is becoming increasingly popular today. The colossal advantage of this method of therapy is the lack of the need to make a puncture or incision of the cavity of the abscess. With the help of radio waves of a certain frequency, the cells of the epidermal cyst forming its cover, as well as the contents of the cavity of the atheroma, are evaporated. This method of treatment is the most effective and safe in the absence of development of subsequent complications.
And, finally, if conservative therapy is unsuccessful( to which laser and radio wave treatment applies), they resort to prompt removal. Operative intervention is performed under local anesthesia. The operation takes about 5-10 minutes altogether.
In case of suppuration and attachment of a secondary infection, a broad-spectrum antibiotic solution is preliminary injected into the abscess cavity, after which an operative removal is performed.
Measures to prevent the development of the epidermal cyst are aimed at adherence to the rules of skin hygiene, its careful and caring care.