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  • Rudbeckia

    Description. This decorative garden plant originated from North America, its various species are introduced into the culture and are widely used in ornamental horticulture. Rudbeckia is a perennial plant of summer and autumn flowering, it has inflorescences in the form of daisies, so loved by gardeners, with long narrow or wider downwardly bending petals and a massive velvet center. But there are species of rudbeckia with a different structure of the flower. Rudbeckia is distinguished by a very rich range of yellow tones - from lemon to thick yellow and even to warm dark brown.

    Of the autumn "sunflowers" the most attention in the garden attracts rudbeckia due to warm sunny tones, so appreciated by the end of summer.

    Rudbeckia is a very elegant flower with a rich range of colors that allows you to create subtle color transitions in single plantings of rudbeckia. Good single large plantations of rudbeckie against the backdrop of the lawn, as well as islands of gold and bronze brown rudbeckies in mixed floral compositions. Plant Rudbeckie in the background of prefabricated flower gardens and flowers, on the south side of fences, in groups on the lawn. Rudbeckia

    is a dissected, or Golden Ball, as a tall plant used for planting in the background of flower beds, fences, for decorating unattractive places in the garden, for cutting and floral arrangements in warm colors.

    Types

    Rudbeckia hybrid forms a tall bush, 69-70 cm tall, with numerous rigidly branched branch peduncles, on the top of the shoot there is a large flower, up to 20 cm in diameter, which is an inflorescence of the "chamomile" type of yellow, golden yellow,brown and red-brown colors in different color combinations. Petals are long, bent down. Medium velvet large convex conical, formed by small brownish-purple tubular flowers. Blooms abundantly and continuously from July to September.

    Rudbeckia brilliant forms a lush bush with numerous branches of branching, ending in inflorescences of the "daisy" type golden-yellow with a convex, greenish-brown center. The diameter of the flowers is 12-15 cm. Unlike the hybrid hybrid, it has shiny, oblong and lanceolate leaves. Blooms abundantly in August-September.

    Rudbeckia dissected is a plant 1.5-2 m high with thin straight stems branched in the upper part and with delicate cut leaves, inflorescence is bright yellow. Particularly popular is the variety of gold balls with large-sized spherical inflorescences up to 8-10 cm in diameter. Strongly expanding, forming dense thickets, can oppress neighboring plants. Blooms from late July to mid-September.

    Echinacea purpurea is derived from the genus Rudbeckia. Has large inflorescences-baskets up to 15 cm in diameter with wine-red, pink, raspberry, purple or white reed flowers, often gracefully bent downwards, and a convex disc of yellow-brown tubular flowers. Forms a shrub up to 1 m high, blooms almost continuously throughout the summer from July to October. Echinacea is a photophilous plant, but it tolerates penumbra, prefers fertile, sufficiently moist, but not raw soils. Propagate mostly by seeds, less often by dividing the bush in the spring, as the delineations take root slowly. Seeds are sown in the spring or in the middle of summer directly into the ground. After picking or thinning the seedlings, by the end of the summer good rosette plants grow, some of them may even bloom. In August or in the spring of next year they should be transplanted to a permanent place. Wintering without shelter. Under winter, the plants are pruned. They are used for planting in single and group plantings, various flower beds, on flower beds and work-shops. Cut echinacea should be in the half-open bud.

    Cultivation and care. Rudbeckia is an unpretentious, undemanding plant to the soil, but it grows better on fertilized with humus plots with a well-permeable medium-heavy soil. I find peace with shading. Care consists in weeding weeds, single fertilizer at the beginning of plant growth, in pruning faded inflorescences. Diseases and pests are not damaged.

    Rudbeckia is very plastic: it is a light-loving plant, but it can tolerate light shading, loves watering, but it tolerates hot arid weather, practically without losing its decorativeness. Rudbeckia hybrid is propagated with seeds that are sown immediately to a permanent place in the open ground. It is better to do this in June-July in cooler weather. Flowering begins in the second year and continues from July to frosts( self-seeding is possible).The plant is short-lived, bushes often die in the 3rd year of life, some grow up to 5 years, so it is necessary to constantly sow and refresh the bushes, separating the overgrown shoots. Rudbeckiy bestshyushuyu propagate in the spring of the division of bushes and stretches of rhizome with a kidney, which are separated without digging in the period of shoot growth. Transplanted after 5 years. The distance between the plants is 30-40 cm. Rudbeckiy dissected is propagated mainly by dividing the rhizomes early in the in the spring or in September, but also by seeds. The plants are planted at a distance of 1 m from each other, as the plants rapidly grow .