Mar 25, 2018
Oriental massage is a kind of massage, widely used since ancient times in the countries of the East as a therapeutic goal, and to improve the overall tone and performance of the body. In the literature, the issue of oriental massage is very lightly illuminated, apparently due to the fact that the technique has been inherited from generation to generation for many years.
Oriental massage, in contrast to the conventional classical, has the features:
1) it is performed without the use of lubricants for the purpose of deeper effect on the skin;
2) receptions are performed not only by the upper limbs, but also by the lower limbs;
3) the direction of movement when performing receptions - not only from the periphery to the center, but also in the opposite direction.
The last feature is based on the traditional Oriental doctrine of the circulation of energy in a living organism strictly along a certain cycle along conditional lines called "meridians"( channels).Therefore, the direction of movement of receptions for massage of the lower extremities is from the foot to the inguinal fold along the inner side of the leg( along the meridians of the kidneys, spleen and pancreas, liver) and in the opposite direction along the external side of the leg( meridians of the urinary and gallbladder, stomach).The upper limbs are massaged from the wrist to the shoulder on the outer surface of the hand( meridians of the thick and small intestine, three parts of the body) and in the opposite direction - from the shoulder to the fingers along the inner side of the arm( meridians of the heart, lungs and pericardium).
Thus, oriental massage is based on the same scientific concepts as acupuncture, as well as acupressure.
In the oriental massage, the following techniques are used: stroking( silash), grinding( sidirma), kneading( point-lash), stretching and twisting of the limbs( kul va bey toblash).
Stroking, grinding and kneading are performed with considerable pressure, which is achieved by maximum use of the weight of the body of the masseur. Therefore, this massage is performed on the floor or on a low couch. Stretching and twisting of the limbs or the spinal column to some extent can be attributed to the passive movements of classical massage. The techniques are used first on the back surface - the back, arms, buttocks, hips, lower leg and foot( the position of the massage - lying on the stomach), then on the front - hips, abdomen, chest, shoulders( the position of the massaged - lying on the back).
Features of back body massage. The position of the massage - lying on the abdomen, arms along the trunk and slightly bent at the elbow joints, the brushes are supini. The masseur on the right or on the left of the massage is on one or both laps.
1. Deep stroking with the base of the palm or forearm from the sacrum to the neck and in the opposite direction, and then
from the spinal column transversely to the front surface of the trunk.
2. Squeezing two hands from the iliac crest to the scapula of the blade, then to the shoulder joints and continuing on the hands to the fingertips along the inner surfaces and again to the shoulder joints on the outer surfaces of the arm.
3. Kneading feet with the support of hands on the shoulders massaged from the sacrum to the interblade zone and back. The feet are placed alternately 2-3 cm from the spine. Often during the reception of this method, a symptom of a "click" is noted, which, according to some authors, indicates the correct conduct of manipulation.
4. Elbow kneading by the base of the palm or feet.
5. Squeezing the base of the palm of the gluteal region from: the hip joints to the coccyx and the back of the thigh with the forearm from the popliteal fossa to the gluteal fold.
6. Kneading the hamstrings back and forth with the support on the soles of the feet massaged, bent at the knee joints at an angle of 90 °.
7. Squeezing the lower leg with the palms of the palms, the mass of the mass is half-bent at the knee joint and lies on the thigh of the masseur.
8. Squeezing and kneading the forearm of the plantar surface from the heel to the toes and the metatarsophalangeal joints of the foot with the elbow.
Additional passive movements in the position of the massaged - lying on the stomach.
1. Circular movements in the ankles - the leg is bent at the right angle in the knee joint, the masseur fixes the shin with one hand, the other - the foot and produces movements in the joints.
2. Bringing the heel of the feet massaged to the buttocks, the massage therapist presses on the lower leg.
3. Extension in the hip joints due to lifting both legs upwards behind the ankle joints with the foot of the masseur foot on the sacrum.
4. Twisting and bending in the lumbar region, lifting an alternately free left or right lower limb with the foot of the masseur on the upper third of the thigh massaged.
5. Backbending - the masseur, leaning his knees on the thigh massaged, pulls his hands back.
Features of the front surface massage.
1. Squeezing the forearm on the inner surface of the thigh from the knee to the inguinal fold, along the outer surface of the thigh - from the inguinal fold to the knee and ankle joints.
2. Rubbing with the pads of the fingers and the edge of the palm along the costal arch from the middle to the spine.
3. Squeezing the base of the palm of the chest from the middle to the axillary hollows and kneading the shoulder joints with the other hand of the massage therapist under the joint from below.
4. Head compression with palms in anteroposterior direction( forehead), diagonally, from top to bottom to the parietal region. All methods of compression are performed only on exhalation and on each respiratory cycle.
5. Circular shifts of the scalp with palmar surfaces of the hands applied to the frontal-occipital and lateral surfaces.
Additional passive movements.
1. Twisting the spinal column by shifting from the pelvic area massaged by the shoulder, fixing the farther from the hip and the near shoulder of the patient.
2. Flexion and extension in the hip and knee joints in one or both extremities by bringing the knees to the chest and stretching the legs upwards at the ankle joints at right angles.
The duration of the general session of oriental massage is 45-50 minutes. All massage techniques are performed strongly, but should not cause unpleasant sensations. Each procedure is repeated 3-4 times, and their complex varies depending on the tasks and subjective sensations of the patient.