Mar 23, 2018
Large genus, which has a wide tropical distribution. The most famous and economically significant species is the nut-bearing coconut( S. nucifera), widely distributed along the coast and islands of the equatorial zone. This is due to the fact that its large fruits are kept afloat for a long time and are transported by waves to distant distances. This species is resistant to salinity and grows well on ocean beaches and shallows, sometimes at the very edge of the tide. In addition to coconut nut oil for growing in rooms are recommended:
Coconut Weddel C. weddeliana( == Microcoelum weddeliana)
Homeland - Brazil.
Leaves arc-shaped, the upper side of the leaf is shiny green, the underside is silvery. Vayya up to 1 m long. On the leaf axis( rachis) sits up to 50 pairs of leaves. Each leaf has a length of about 12 cm and a width of up to 4 cm.
Coconut pinnate C. plumosa( = Syagrus plumosa)
Homeland - Colombia, Venezuela.
Has large leaves( vayi) up to 3.5 m long. Leaflets linearly pointed, arranged in groups of 2-4, have a length of up to 45 cm.
Coconut sinuous S. flexuosa( = Syagrus flexuosa)
Homeland - Antilles, Costa Rica.
Leaves( vayi) are arcuate, up to 1.8 m long. On the leaf axis( rachis), there are 70 pairs of leaves. Each leaf has a length of 25-40 cm and a width of 0.8 cm. The top leaves are 10 cm long and 0.2 cm wide.
Courtship. Plants are placed as close to the windows as possible. The best place for growing these palms is the northeast or east windows. On the south side, you need to shade the curtains or paper. The optimum temperature is 22-24 ° C.In winter, keep at a temperature of not less than 16 ° C.Watering abundant in the summer, but the water from the pallets must be drained immediately, as the plants completely do not tolerate its stagnation at the roots. In winter they water much less often, with warm water( at least 30 ° C).It is better to water when the earth's clods have dried out from above. Do not completely dry and crack the earth. When planting and transplanting a mixture of the following composition is used: soddy land, deciduous land, coarse sand, crushed tf or coral sand( 1: 1: 1: 1/2) can be added.
Reproduction. Seeds. It is more expedient to spend in the conditions of a greenhouse or in special hotbeds with heating.