What is kidney angiomyolipoma: the more dangerous it is and how to treat it

  • What is kidney angiomyolipoma: the more dangerous it is and how to treat it

    Kidney angiomyolipoma is a benign tumor with a complex structure. It consists of adipose tissue cells, muscle fibers and altered blood vessels. This new growth appears in the kidneys, but can later spread to the pancreas.

    Two main types of pathology in this organ are classified, namely: isolated or sporadic and congenital. Isolated angiomyolipoma of the kidney is considered the most frequent variety and is observed in 90% of cases. Congenital pathology develops against a background of hereditary tuberous sclerosis. In this case, the tumor is formed immediately on both the kidneys and in large quantities, but the transformation of it into a tumor of a malignant nature is very rare.

    Why the tumor forms a tumor

    To the formation of the kidney benign tumor can lead to different etiological factors. At times, the propensity to develop this pathology is transferred from parents to children. Often the cause of the lesion are different organ pathologies. This tumor has receptors to the sex hormones of the female body. So, it can be explained that this disease is more often observed and affects the female body.

    At the first stages of pathology development, the tumor remains small in size and is usually diagnosed with angiolipoma of the left or right kidney. Primary damage occurs very rarely and only with the influence of the patient's heredity.

    The tumor is prone to rapid enlargement and its blood vessels with a tight muscular wall and weak elastic plates do not keep up with the increase in muscle fibers. The result is a rupture in the vessels and a hemorrhage. In this case, the symptoms become very pronounced:

    1. Feeling of drawing pains in the lower part of the lower back.
    2. Sharp jumps of blood pressure.
    3. Severe vertigo, fainting, weakness.
    4. Skin blurred.
    5. Hematuria is the detection of a variety of blood elements in the urine.

    This is important! Identification of these signs is an occasion for an urgent visit to a specialist and setting the right diagnosis. The more angiolimop of the left or right kidney, the more serious the complications. The cause of an unexpected organ rupture can serve as a large tumor neoplasm or extensive bleeding inside the peritoneum. Germination of the tumor process in nearby lymph nodes or kidney damage threatens the formation of a large number of metastases.

    How diagnostics of pathology

    is realized Only early diagnosis of angiomyolipoma, provided that the causes of emergence can be a guarantee of complete cure.

    For the accurate diagnosis of pathology the following highly sensitive techniques are used, namely:

    • The ultrasonic scanning process, which makes it possible to establish more compacted areas in the neoplasm in the background of the near-normal developing renal parenchyma.
    • Spiral magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography allows to identify in the tumor the compacted areas and low density in the areas of development of adipose tissue.
    • Biochemical and general blood tests are performed to diagnose the level of urea and creatinine concentrations that directly characterize the functioning of this organ.
    • Ultrasound angiography is the detection of pathologies of renal vessels.
    • Excretory urography is the establishment of a functional and morphological state of the health of the kidneys, their pelvis and ureters.
    • Kidney biopsy is the removal of a tissue sample from a benign tumor for examination under a microscope to exclude the passage of a malignant process in the body.

    Organization of treatment for angiomyelopoma in the kidneys

    After obtaining the main diagnostic data, an individual plan is prepared for the implementation of the therapeutic process of kidney damage, where certain features of the tumor must be taken into account.

    Treatment of kidney anomy-mylipoma depends on the number of tumor nodes present, their size and location. Neoplasms of small size less than 4 cm in diameter grow slowly, do not cause complications. In this case, as a treatment, the doctor chooses observational tactics without the organization of active medical measures. The control examination is carried out once a year.

    If the size of the lesion exceeds 5 cm in diameter, then it is recommended to organize surgical intervention. This includes the following methods:

    1. Organ-saving surgery - resection of a part of the kidney under the condition of a properly functioning organ.
    2. Embolization is the process when a special drug is injected into the artery that feeds the tumor under the control of the X-ray for the purpose of subsequent blockage. This process greatly facilitates surgical operations or completely replaces them.
    3. Nephronosanitary surgery - used for the multiple emergence of a lesion of tumors in two kidneys at once to preserve their proper functioning.
    4. Enucleation is the process of removing tumor neoplasm by excising, when the kidney remains almost intact.
    5. Cryoablation is a modern invasive method that is often used to treat small renal angiomyolipomas. The advantage of the technique can be considered minimal intervention in the human body, the curing of nearby structures to prevent the development of bleeding. It is possible to re-organize the procedure, short-lived recovery period after surgery and the minimum possible percentage of complications.

    The main indications of the implementation of the surgical intervention are as follows:

    • Rapid course of the pathology with pronounced clinical signs.
    • Rapid growth of tumor growth.
    • Inadequacy of blood circulation in the kidneys.
    • Isolation of a significant volume of blood along with urine.
    • Conversion of a benign tumor into a malignant tumor.

    This is important! It is important to note that the treatment process by folk methods is practically not effective and can even lead to serious negative consequences. The loss of time only worsens the situation and causes irreversible consequences.

    What complications can cause angiomyolipoma

    Large angiomyolipoma of the kidney may unexpectedly burst and provoke severe bleeding into the space behind the peritoneum or into the kidney.

    Studies conducted over the past 10 years show that such a pathology can be transformed into a malignant tumor to cause irreversible effects.

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