Distillation is narcissus hybrid-Narcisus hybridis hort.
Mar 22, 2018
Homeland of the daffodil hybrid - Central Europe, the Mediterranean, China and Japan. Numerous varieties are combined into one species - a hybrid garden daffodil obtained as a result of crossing many species.
Cultivated since the beginning of the XVI century. By now about 10 thousand varieties have been obtained.
Bulb of narcissus rounded, with long neck, covered with grayish or brown scaly scales, long-term, fairly winter-hardy. The leaves are linear, in the surface beam, die off by the end of the vegetation. The flowers are single or several at the top of the
of a straight leafless peduncle, large( 4-10 cm in diameter, depending on the variety), fragrant, white, yellow or bicolour, with a round, flat perianth of six lobes and a lobe formed by fused outgrowths of lobes,it has the shape of a funnel, cup or tube of various sizes.
For forcing - getting flowers, for example, by the New Year, by March 8.Use early-flowering varieties of the following classes: tubular and coarse-grained, tatsetnye and zhonkillievye.
Narcissuses belong to a group of plants whose flower buds are formed before the end of the growing season.
For distillation, large, 3.5-4.5 cm diameter and larger, round, single-peel bulbs are selected.
Daffodils distinguish three terms of distillation: early-flowering by January 1 or earlier;average - flowering by February 1 and early March and late - by April 1 - May 1.For late distilling, narcissus does not require special temperature treatment. For a very early period of the bulb, after digging for two weeks, store at a temperature of 30 ° C, then - at 17 ° C, and 8-10 weeks before planting - at 9 ° C.Such bulbs are called chilled and prepared for forcing. For the usual forcing, the bulbs are stored at 17 ° C from the excavation( in June) before planting( October 10).For late forcing, the bulbs are planted no later than November 15 in boxes filled with one-third humus soil mixed with sand or even one clean sand. Bulbs can be planted in ordinary flower pots, 4-5 pieces, almost closely to each other. Just densely planted bulbs and boxes. The neck of the bulb should protrude above the surface of the soil. Landing is abundantly watered and put either in special rooms with a low( up to 9 PS) temperature, or in dug trenches 20 cm deep. Boxes or pots are filled first with sand, and
Fig. Forms of a flower of a narcissus: 1 - triatstsrusovyj: 2 krupnokoronchatyj;3 the zhonkilli;4 - tubular;5 - tatsettnyi
then the earth, a layer of 20 cm. For good rooting of narcissuses, the temperature should be no higher than 10 ° С.With the onset of frost, the plantations are covered with peat, sawdust, dry-leaf layer 20 cm. The bulbs take root for 2.5-3 months, after which it is possible to start distilling. By this time, the sprout should be at least 10 cm. Putting daffodils in the dark is not necessary.
Early pasture usually starts from November 20 to December 1.Pots with daffodils are taken out of the trench and put in a cool room( 10 ° C) for 1-2 days, then lighted and grown at a temperature of 12-18 ° C.Flowering occurs about a month later. So, to receive flowers by December 24, the daffodils are transferred to a warm room for 28 days;
- by January 7 - for 26 days;
- by February 23 - for 22 days;
- by March 8 - for 20 days;
- by 1 May - for 14 days.
Make sure that the soil does not dry out. Air, too, should not be very dry, otherwise "blind buds" may appear. But more often this phenomenon is associated with poor development of roots.
The temperature for wounded forcing should be 18-15 ° C( the earlier - the higher), for the later - 15-12 SS( the later - the lower).When buds appear, the temperature is raised by 2-3 ° C.
Too high temperature and high air humidity - the most frequent culprits of failures when forcing daffodils! The flowers of daffodils are cut off when the bud rises vertically.
After flowering and drying of the leaves, the bulbs are left in the pot until June, after which they are planted in the soil to grow. Usually in 3-4 years, these bulbs can again be used in forcing.
For distillation, most varieties of narcissus are suitable, but the Jty411 ^ only use the following: from tubing
ty - Golden Harvest, Dutch Master, King Alfred, Mag nifissens, Mount Hood, Rembrandt;from large-crowned - Carlton, Flower Record, Fortune;from the fine-crowned ones-Cupid, Grülemans Señor, Orange Monarch, Rouge, Tibet;of terry - Irene Copeland, Texas, Cirfulness;of the Tatsett - Geranium, Canariensis Herbert, Lawrence Koster, St. Agnes;from the poetic only for the late forcing - the variety of Actaea, Dante.
Description of grape varieties. Golden Harvest. The flower is large, 10 cm in diameter, located horizontally. The perianth is yellow, the tube is bright yellow, broad-funnel-shaped, with a wavy edge, 5 cm high and as wide. Leaves are blue-green, flat, above the peduncle.
Dutch Master. The flower is horizontally located, 10 cm in diameter, the lobes are greenish-yellow, the tube bright yellow, with orange strokes but the edge, smooth, cylindrical, up to 4 cm long. Edges wavy, bent. The leaves are dark green, flat. It is one of the best tubular varieties.
King Alfred. The flower is 9 cm in diameter, is located horizontally, the lobes and tube are bright yellow. The tube is narrow-funnel-shaped, with a large-toothed, bent edge, 3.5 cm in length. The height of the peduncle is about 30-35 cm, the leaves are the same length, dark green, narrow. One of the oldest varieties that have not lost their significance for almost a hundred years.
Magnificent. The flower is 9 cm in diameter, is horizontal, the lobes and tube are bright yellow. The tube is 4 cm long, folded, with a corrugated edge. Flower sprouts 20 cm, leaves are gray-green, flat.
Mount Hood. The flower is large, 10 cm in diameter, located vertically. The perianth stems and the tube are white. The tube is cylindrical, with a wavy edge, 4 cm long. Leaves are gray-green, flat. The fragrance is weak. The variety has universal application.19
Rembrandt. The flower is large, with a diameter of 10 cm, a homogeneous golden yellow color. The tube is 4 cm high, cylindrical. Flower sprouts 20 cm, leaves are gray-green, flat. The fragrance is weak.
Cupid. The flower is large, 11 cm in diameter, fragrant. Seeds of perianth are round-ovoid, white, crown 2.5 cm high, yellow, slightly adherent to perianth. Crown edges are wavy, notched. The height of the peduncle is 45-50 cm.
Grülemans Señor. The flower is very large, 10.5 cm in diameter, droopy. The perianth stems are cream-white, the crown is orange-yellow, with a broad orange band along the rim, broad-convex, corrugated, reaching 4.5 cm in width. Leaves are gray-green, broad. The fragrance is good.
Orange Monarch. The flower is large, 10 cm in diameter, the perianth white is round, the crown is bright-orange-chewing, broad( about 4.5 cm), with a wavy edge. Tsvetonos about 30 cm. The aroma is good. Very effective variety.
Tibet. The flower is 9 cm in diameter. Seeds of perianth cream-white, rounded, crown white, funnel-shaped, 4 cm wide and 3 cm high, corrugated, dentate, strongly bent back. The leaves are wide.
Irene Copland. The flower is 7 cm in diameter. The lobes are numerous, narrow, cream-white, to the center alternating with cream-yellow outgrowths of the crown. Pisto and stamens do not. Tsvetonos up to 30 cm. The aroma is good.
Texas. Large, terry flower, 9 cm in diameter. Greenish-yellow streaks alternate with narrow orange. The aroma is strong. Blooms from the middle of May.
Cirfulness. On the peduncle there are 3-4 flowers up to 4 cm in diameter;outer parts rounded, white, internal - shallower. They alternate with the cream-yellow outgrowths of the crown. The fragrance is good. Blooms in late May, color -
20 nose 30-35 cm.
Geranium. On the peduncle there are 2-4 flowers 3-4 cm in diameter. The lobes are yellow, oval. Crown 1 cm high and 1.5 cm wide, dark yellow, corrugated. The aroma is very strong.
Laurence Coster. On the peduncle there are 2-3 flowers 5-6 cm in diameter. The lobes are white, roundish, smooth. Crown yellow, with orange edge, small( 0.7 cm high and 1.5 cm wide).The fragrance is good. Blooms from the twentieth of May.
Saint Agnes. On the peduncle 2-3 flowers 3-5 cm in diameter. The petals and crown are white, with a creamy-greenish tinge. Blossoms in the middle of May.