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  • Basophils are increased, what to do?

    The condition in which basophils are elevated in the blood is called basophilia. This is not so common, but experts understand what this can be caused.

    What is basophils?

    Basophils are commonly referred to as specific blood cells, which are among the smallest and largest group of leukocytes formed from the granulocyte germ. Their life span is short. They circulate for several hours in the peripheral blood, and then penetrate into the tissue, where they are about 12 days. They have a shell, an S-shaped core, and contain in sufficiently large volumes of active substances.

    The main task of basophils in the body is to destroy foreign agents that penetrate from the outside. In their composition they have serotonin, prostaglandins, and other mediators. Upon contact with the allergen, the following reaction occurs: the substances are released, which leads to its binding and the creation of the effect of inflammation.

    Vascular permeability increases, around the hearth is blood flow and the involvement of other cellular blood elements - eosinophils and monocytes, which cope definitively with the alien substance. In simpler terms, the basophils in the blood are the first to detect the "enemy", and the remaining leukocyte cells are sent to fight it.

    It is through the work of basophils that poisons when bitten by animals or insects are blocked in one place, and do not spread throughout the body.

    Another function of basophils is to increase blood flow in the microcirculatory bed and to participate in the proliferation of new capillaries. Have the ability to provoke a contraction of smooth muscles. They have a certain effect on blood clotting, as they contain a substance such as heparin. They do not have a direct relationship to immunity, but they have an indistinguishable phagocytic ability.

    Basophils predominantly participate in immediate-type reactions( anaphylactic shock), but together with other blood cells, delayed-type allergic reactions may also be involved. This phenomenon is observed with a disease such as allergic rhinitis.

    Symptomatically, the picture during inflammation looks like this: burning and itching appear in the tissue, the skin becomes red and swells. This reaction is in response to the release of inflammatory mediators from basophils. If it lasts more than 72 hours, the bone marrow receives a signal, and the rapid production of these cells begins, in this case, the tests indicate that basophils in the blood are elevated.

    When is the basophil level increased?

    The basophil level is calculated together with the rest of the leukocyte formula. The standard of basophil content in a standard blood test is:

    • in adults - 0.5-1;
    • immediately after birth - 0.75;
    • in one month - 0,5;
    • up to a year - 0,6;
    • by the age of twelve - 0,7.

    In cases where the number of basophils increases to 0.2 * 109 / L, and more, this phenomenon is called "basophilia", which happens rarely enough, and it occurs in such pathological conditions:

    • blood disease( myeloleukemia);
    • disrupting the thyroid( myxedema);
    • malignant neoplasm in the lungs;
    • diabetes;
    • jaundice in cases of hepatitis;
    • marked allergic manifestations;
    • infection of viral origin;
    • chronic pathologies of the stomach or intestines, sinusitis, ulcerative colitis;
    • hormone replacement therapy( estrogens);
    • hemolytic anemia.

    After an operation to remove the spleen, an increased level of basophils is retained by such a patient until the end of his life, and this is not considered a pathology.

    If basophils are elevated in an adult, this almost certainly indicates an inflammatory process or an allergic reaction. Moderate their increase may suggest the presence of a slow infectious focus. The method of normalization of basophils can be only one - the identification and treatment of the disease, which was the cause.

    Occasionally, the pathological level of increase can be observed when there is a deficiency in the body of a trace element, like iron. Successfully cope with this problem can be with the help of special drugs that are available in tablet or encapsulated form, and the use of products that can replenish iron in the blood. Preparations with iron are best absorbed in an acidic environment, so they are recommended to take with ascorbic acid, and drink with orange juice.

    An important role in the normalization of basophil levels can be played by the intake of vitamin B12, which is injected, intramuscularly, it is also recommended to eat more meat, eggs and drink milk, where it is contained in sufficient quantities. This substance contributes to the normalization of the formation of new blood cells and improves the work of the brain.

    If a high level of these cells in the blood is associated with the use of a number of certain drugs, it is necessary to consult a doctor about the advisability of their further application, or to discuss a possible replacement.

    The increase in basophils in the absence of pathological changes can occur in the middle of the menstrual cycle in women and during pregnancy. The reason for this is the fluctuation in the level of estrogens having a direct effect on the increase in the number of basophils.

    When are basophils reduced?

    Very rarely, but there are cases when basophils detected in the blood are lowered. Specialists call this phenomenon a base. It is difficult to assess the level of decline, since the lower limit of the norm is low. The reasons for their reduction may be in infectious pathology in the stage of resolution, thyrotoxicosis, pregnancy, taking of steroid drugs, stressful situations.

    Clinical cases are described where the number of these cellular elements was not determined in the blood at all in cancer patients after treatment with the help of chemotherapy or taking some other very "heavy" drugs. Usually, attending physicians know about this, but if there is a need for consulting or treatment with another specialist, he should be warned about this.

    A decrease in the level of basophils can occur with a high level of progesterone.

    When changing the normal value of basophils, it is necessary to conduct repeated and additional studies. The confirmation of this pathology serves as a very good reason for consulting with various specialists, and for taking urgent measures to normalize the state of health.

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