The main signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. Treatment and therapy
When hypoglycemia, the blood sugar level drops significantly - to below normal levels. To put it another way, the glucose content becomes minimal for a particular person. That is why it is natural that the human body, wishing to maintain internal constancy( homeostasis), reacts to this severe stress in an appropriate way. The external manifestations of this reaction we can observe.
It is rightly noted that it is not too difficult to detect or suspect hypoglycemia, because the symptoms are clearly expressed externally. It is much more difficult to establish the causes of hypoglycemia.
Degree of severity
Signs of hypoglycemia occur when the blood sugar level falls below the norm, which is 3 mmol / l. Symptoms, like their external manifestation, vary in patients. But still some of them are the most typical and are found in most cases. It is on them that you need to pay attention.
The following severities of the disease are distinguished:
- mild hypoglycemia( glucose level below 3.8 mmol / l);
- moderate hypoglycaemia( blood sugar level below 2.77- 1 , 66 mmol / l);
- severe hypoglycemia( sugar level below 2.2 mmol / l).
So, let's look at the symptoms in more detail for each stage.
Initially, when the blood sugar level decreases, adrenaline from the adrenal glands is actively released. It in turn provokes the release of sugar from the stored in the body, and explains the occurrence of a number of anxiety symptoms, namely:
- increased sweating;
- a constant feeling of hunger or malnutrition;
- unpleasant sensations, like tingling, at the fingertips and lips;
- is a shiver;
- moist palms;
- heart palpitations( tachycardia may occur).
When worsening, that is, when the blood sugar level is still low, and the intake of glucose into the brain is reduced, the above symptoms are supplemented with the following:
- fatigue, weakness;
- inability to focus attention;
- disorder of vision;
- epileptiform convulsions;
- attacks of causeless aggression, and in some cases - mental disorders;
- behavior modification( it seems that a person is in a state of intoxication);
- full difficulty of self-expression;
Let's pay special attention to such symptom, as fatigue. Often it seems that the cause of insomnia is strong coffee or tea, fatigue - the load, poor environment, weakness - lack of vitamins, lack of rest. But the schedule returned to normal, a good dream came, the rest was successful, a suitable and effective vitamin complex was found, but fatigue does not go away, I always want to sleep, a small load causes unnatural weakness and a desire to do nothing.
Everyone has had this condition, but the most important thing is to evaluate it correctly, do not find convenient explanations, do not wait until the time passes, and see a doctor. After all, according to the conducted studies, this symptom is one of the most frequently encountered and one of those on which the absolute majority of people do not pay attention.
If the blood sugar level does not stabilize further, then hypoglycemia will progress, becoming severe. It will result in irreversible brain damage. Symptoms of anxiety will arise suddenly, be observed briefly, develop into a state of confusion or a state of panic.
As experts note, prolonged hypoglycemia occurs in most cases in people who get insulin or use oral hypoglycemic drugs in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
Be careful! Hypoglycemia is multifaceted. So, along with the named species( mild, moderate and severe), asymptomatic and nocturnal hypoglycemia is also prominent. Separately, transient hypoglycemia is distinguished in newborns with low body weight.
As an independent type of hypoglycemia is called the so-called asymptomatic hypoglycemia. In such a situation, a person is practically deprived of the chance to recognize that he has a disease, because he is unable to feel a decrease in blood sugar. No sweating, shivering in the body, weakness, fatigue and other symptoms.
The danger of this form of the disease is that it can lead to coma and other serious consequences, and the person will not even have the opportunity to react properly and on time.
In such a situation, one must remember that regular medical examinations are necessary, and the biochemical blood test performed within them is very important, since it is he who is able to point out to you the disease.
Danger at night
Another atypical case is nocturnal hypoglycemia, the symptoms of which are manifested in a state of sleep. These include:
- sweating( the patient wakes up in sweat in the middle of the night or in the morning wet clothes);
- headache, dizziness in normal sleep;
- fatigue and weakness on waking in the morning.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia are also characteristic for a number of other diseases. In addition, each individual person does not need to have the entire list of the named characteristics: some may be absent, others - permanently neutralized by the person himself, for example, through frequent intake of carbohydrates.
All this means that only a specialist doctor can determine the presence or absence of the disease, which also, crucially, will determine the causes of hypoglycemia.