How does kidney doubling appear and in what?
Duplication of the kidneys is the most common pathology of the kidneys, so it is so important to carry out the treatment of doubling the kidney correctly. The size of the doubled kidney increases noticeably, and it itself is divided into lobules. In general, the anomaly develops in the female body, and in men the disease is diagnosed twice as less. Doubling can be one-sided or two-sided.
Etiological factors of pathology
Doubling of the organ as well as other lesions developing in the child during the intrauterine formation of the organism, mainly correlates with the effect of various teratogenic factors and with the transfer of anomalous genes by inheritance.
The main reasons for the development of kidney doubling are as follows: ionizing irradiation of the mother's body during childbearing, the use of drugs of hormonal origin, some chemical compounds, insufficient intake of necessary vitamins and mineral components into the body.
All of these factors can affect the gene device, disrupt the structure of chromosomes, interfere with the process of cell division, which causes a complete doubling of the right kidney or left kidney.
How can the pathology of
appear? Only in rare cases both halves of the doubled kidney continue to function equally, and the lower half of the anomalous organ remains largely underdeveloped. The upper part is mainly affected and it resembles dysplasia in its structure, because a disturbance of the kidney parenchyma develops.
Often doubling of the kidneys is supplemented by the manifestation of such pathologies as:
- acute or chronic form of pyelonephritis is an inflammatory process, accompanied by damage to the pelvis, kidney tissue and kidney cups;
- hydronephrosis of one of the halves of the kidney is an actively developing stable extension of the pelvis and calyx by the violation of urinary retention;
- urolithic pathology - when the formation of stones begins in the urinary organs.
A child with a doubling of the kidney may not show symptoms of defeat. The child does not complain about the deterioration of health, with the pathology can be supplemented by the development of inflammation in the kidney, the formation of stones, the depletion of the renal parenchyma, in addition, a steady increase in blood pressure, accompanied by the following symptoms:
- not passing headaches;
- frequent dizziness;
- reluctance to eat;
- memory corruption;
- rapid pulse;
- pain in the heart.
Also defeat is accompanied by the following signs of organ inflammation:
- temperature increase;
- swelling on the face;
- severe shivering and chills;
- pain in the lower back;
- nausea with vomiting.
Kidney failure is accompanied by the following signs of urolithiasis:
- bitterness in the oral cavity;
- feeling of heaviness in the lower back;
- paroxysmal pain in the lumbar region;
- pain when passing urine;
- admixture of blood in the urine;
- increase in blood pressure;
- increase in body temperature.
Biliary colic is prolonged for a few minutes to several hours. Hydronephrosis is characterized by pain in the lumbar region.
Incomplete doubling of the right kidney or left kidney may not clinically manifest itself, so a person lives a long life. The disease is diagnosed during the examination to identify the chronic form of pyelonephritis or the presence of stones in the kidneys and ureter.
There is incomplete and complete doubling of the kidney. Full doubling is characterized by the presence of two arteries, which separately feed both the pelvis and the kidneys. With the development of incomplete duplication, two variants appear:
- The kidney receives nutrition from one artery and has two pelvis.
- The kidney has one pelvis, but two arteries that separate from the aorta.
Clinical picture of the disease and diagnostic activities
Incomplete duplication without duplication of the renal pelvis is often not manifested at all and is diagnosed completely by chance in the process of performing a radiography or computed tomography for the kidneys.
Complete duplication with the development of another ureter and the place of its entry into the bladder can be detected during the implementation of cytology after the discovery of the third mouth. At full doubling, the clinical symptoms of the disease are based on the signs of inflammatory processes with kidney damage, urine reflux and hydronephrosis transformation of the organ. At the same time, the patient complains of severe back pain, weakness, fever. There is also a painful difficult passage of urine.
With an increase in the lumen of the renal pelvis, renal colic begins, edema develops, blood is excreted along with urine, azotemia, an increase in blood pressure indicators. The listed symptoms are not considered specific and can develop either together or separately - it depends on the form of the course of the disease.
Diagnosis of kidney doubling is based on obtaining data from a radiographic examination, computed tomography and MRI, ultrasound examination or cystoscopy.
The organization of the medical process
Surgical intervention is organized only in situations when there is an extreme need. Often, the treatment process is conservative, presupposing prevention and prevention of developing complications.
When accompanied by pyelonephritis, a classic treatment for doubling the left kidney or right kidney is prescribed by taking antibacterial medications.
When an acute form of nephrolithiasis occurs, the usual help is organized: immersing the patient in warm water, taking antispasmodic drugs, such as papaverine, no-spa, observing a diet that helps to destroy the stones found in the kidneys.
Surgery is performed with pronounced hydronephrosis or other complications that make it impossible to conduct conservative treatment. Also, the doctor adheres to the tactics of implementing operations that save organs. Nephrectomy is performed provided that incomplete removal of the kidney or any other form of lesion provokes complete loss of the body's functionality.
Prevention of the development of complications of kidney duplication consists in conducting timely diagnostic measures to detect pathology in the human body. As with the development of any damage to the kidneys, it is necessary to take a closer look at the state of the urinary system of the child in order to prevent the occurrence of complications.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: