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Basal caries: diagnosis and basic methods of treatment of dangerous pathology

  • Basal caries: diagnosis and basic methods of treatment of dangerous pathology

    According to most dentists, the most serious danger to the teeth is the radical caries. This pathology is characterized by the destruction of the tooth at its base. The danger is that caries, penetrating into the most "hidden places" of the tooth, affects each of the canals.

    The risk group includes persons who have crossed the thirty-year threshold.

    Teeth in danger

    The causes of radical caries are similar to those that provoke the development of other dental pathologies. The main reasons include:

    • lack of oral hygiene;
    • frequent eating of confectionery;
    • disturbed exchange processes;
    • use of low-quality water;
    • malfunctions in the functioning of the endocrine system.

    Signal to action

    An alarm bell, indicating that a person developing radical caries, is the darkening of the enamel and the appearance of a specific speck of white color. Over time, it changes its color and penetrates deeper and deeper.

    Pathology is developing rapidly. In case of untimely treatment, there is a risk of loss of tooth decay.

    Specific features of

    Symptoms of radical caries include the following manifestations:

    1. Pain( a character acute, short-term) that occurs when eating food, and during even light touches to the tooth.
    2. A noticeable darkening of the enamel, a change in its integrity.
    3. The appearance of a specific "hollow" in the tooth.

    Stages of

    When asked how to treat root caries, only a qualified dentist can answer. Seek help immediately after finding symptoms. The sooner a person turns to a doctor, the more guarantees that the procedure will be painless, and the tooth will remain intact.

    The clinical picture of the radical caries is as follows:

    • a white spot is formed;
    • surface tissues become inflamed;
    • progresses the average caries;
    • is deeply affected by dentin.

    The first stage is often asymptomatic. Only with a careful examination of teeth can see some changes in the basal area of ​​the enamel: when transformed into matte, it loses its luster.

    Of all types of inflammation, the most dangerous are the deep and medium. A person suffers from unbearable pain and risks losing his injured tooth.

    How to recognize the enemy "in person"?

    The eternal question, "what to do", can be answered only after a correct diagnosis is established.

    The insidiousness of a dental pathology is that it is difficult to diagnose it at the most easily cured, initial stage. In most cases, specific changes in tooth enamel are found during any dental procedure.

    In order to establish the diagnosis, a qualified dentist uses:

    1. Fluorescence( the teeth are visible through ultraviolet flow).
    2. Radiography.
    3. Laser equipment, which allows to determine the degree of enamel density of the affected tooth.
    4. Staining( topical for diagnosing the carious process on the wisdom tooth).

    After detecting the degree of pathology, the doctor will be able to correctly answer the question of how to treat radical caries.

    The most serious complication of the disease is pulpitis.

    Elimination of the problem

    Treatment of radical caries does not differ in principle from the elimination of other carious pathologies.

    Treatment in the first stage of

    If the patient was lucky to detect the disease at the very first stage, then the question what to do in order to quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms can be answered not only by the dentist, but also by the endocrinologist. This is important if the pathology is rapidly spreading to neighboring teeth.

    Treatment of radical caries at an early stage involves carrying out remineralization. This procedure is carried out under the influence of painkillers, as well as phosphorus and calcium-containing drugs.

    Treatment of progressive disease

    In the case of rapid progression of the disease, when there is destruction of dentin, it is expected to use conservative therapy. Most often, the doctor decides to fill a problem tooth. After the elimination of pathological formations, the surface is restored with the help of filling materials. If the doctor diagnoses too deep a lesion, tooth filling occurs after removal of pulp and thorough cleaning of the tooth canal.

    Preventive measures

    This type of carious pathology does not involve any special preventive measures.

    It is important to remember the correct care of the oral cavity and the obligatory, careful processing of the gums. The food should be right, balanced. It is not necessary to lean on confectionery and alcoholic beverages, but it is necessary to eat juicy fresh fruit in large quantities.

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