How catarrhal glossitis manifests and how to prevent disease
Catarrhal glossitis is a lesion of the tongue, which is acute. The disease basically becomes a symptom of stomatitis, but can take an independent course. Often catarrhal glossitis is provoked by dental deposits, caries, oral injuries, smoking, burns, and non-compliance with oral hygiene.
Often the causes of the development of catarrhal glossitis are contacts traumatizing the tongue - for example, the edges of broken teeth or improperly stopped prostheses. In such a situation, treatment and subsequent prevention of pathology will depend on eliminating the causes of the disease.
At times, the harmful addictions of a person - the abuse of smoking or the drinking of alcoholic beverages - are the cause of the onset of inflammation in the language. Also to etiological factors include injuries of an industrial nature - burns, poisoning.
Signs of the development of the disease
The first symptoms of catarrhal glossitis are a tolerable pain and slight burning of the tongue. During the conversation and with the use of salted food, the pain becomes stronger. Often the tongue itself swells, and from the sides there are prints from the teeth. On the second or third day from the beginning of the process of inflammation on the back of the tongue appears dense plaque, which includes the dying epithelium and exudate.
In some cases, the tongue becomes very swollen, preventing the patient from speaking normally, eating and drinking. This increases the separation of saliva, the size of the papillae in the tongue becomes larger, and the perception of tastes is also atrophied. Sometimes this form of glossitis is supplemented with candidiasis.
In addition, catarrhal glossitis is characterized by a symptom such as "geographical language", because when forming a pathology in the language appears a pattern of red spots reminiscent of geographical maps. Throughout the disease, the spots change their size and shape, and from each other they come off with grooves of gray color from enlarged papillae. These spots do not cause any pain and inconvenience.
Pathology can be delayed from one week to several months and is often transformed into a chronic form with periodic relapses in the absence of timely treatment. At the risk of developing the disease are children under the age of seven and female representatives from 30 to 40 years.
When diagnosed, treatment of catarrhal glossitis depends on the causes of its occurrence. To eliminate the need for a full sanation of the oral cavity and the removal of any factors contributing to injury. Subsequently, the doctor appoints the patient often rinse the mouth with antiseptic solutions, as well as do applications with the addition of pain medications. Antibiotic drugs are used only in case of diagnosis of the presence of pathogenic bacteria.
The main stages of treatment of catarrhal glossitis are:
- Diagnosis and subsequent elimination of the etiologic factor of the disease, which contributed to traumatism of the mucous surface of the tongue. At this stage of treatment you need to get rid of tooth decay on the teeth, correct poor-quality fillings or prostheses, organize surgical treatment of broken teeth, traumatizing the tongue, etc. If the cause of the development of the disease is not eliminated, then after the abatement of the pathology, then exacerbations may subsequently begin again.
- In case of severe pain, it is recommended that the tongue mucosa be treated with a 10% solution of lidocaine.
- Treatment of the oral cavity with antiseptics or herbal solutions with the addition of calendula, chamomile and sage.
If all the rules of treatment and recommendations of a specialist are observed, the inflammation process ceases within three to five days.
Prevention of the disease
To prevent the development of catarrhal glossitis or its exacerbations, dentists recommend following the following rules:
- Constantly and carefully organize the necessary oral hygiene procedures.
- Avoid ingesting too hot, hot or irritating food.
- Follow the accumulation of tartar and dark plaque on the teeth.
- Modern treatment of teeth and ensure that teeth do not form sharp edges that could injure the tongue.
- Refuse from smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages.
- As prevention, visit the dentist at least twice a year in order to detect and prevent the development of problems with teeth and gums in time.
- Monitor your overall health.