Home first aid kit
Jul 01, 2018
Even for people who rarely get sick, it is necessary to have a first aid kit at hand, since even with perfect health we are not guaranteed against accidents. If the family has small children, then without a first aid kit just can not do.
Drugs should be stored in a separate locker or on a special shelf in the cabinet. The first aid kit of the should not be accessible to children. For medicines, a dry, dark and cool place is best. If the room is hot, you can store heat-sensitive preparations on the refrigerator door on the lower shelves.
Drugs should be stored in their packages along with annotations to them. Carefully watch that the medicines are not stored in you after the expiry date. The medicine with expired shelf life should be replaced immediately with a new one.
Below you will find a list of the necessary minimum medicines for a home medicine chest.
In every family, in every work collective there can be situations when there is a need for emergency medical assistance before the arrival of a doctor.
At the same time, from the promptness of the implementation of urgent measures, the literacy of the actions of the patient himself( or the victim, or those around him, depends on the outcome of the process, health, and sometimes the life of the patient.) A very important condition and a certain key to the success of all emergency interventions is the availability ofhands of the necessary set of medicines, dressing material, medical instruments that can be used at any time for their intended purpose.)
In addition,one of the family members of acute or chronic diseases, there is a need to organize treatment and rehabilitation at home by the forces of surrounding people. This requires, in addition to the appropriate conditions, sufficient skills for the care of patients, a certain list of common care items, diagnostic and other means providingfull and qualitative performance of all medical appointments. With regard to the many possible emergency situations that require urgent medical attention, as well as for carrying out the planth treatment and the care of patients at home is recommended to home first aid kit as follows.
Diagnostic and general healthcare products
Medical Thermometer - 1 pc. Thermometer water( for bathtubs) - 1 pc.
Medical warmer( electric or rubber) - 1 pc.
Bubble for ice - 1 pc. Gastric gastric probe - 1 pc. Funnel glass or metal in volume 1l - 1 pc.
Apparatus for measuring blood pressure - 1 pc.
Stethophonendoscope - 1 pc.
Medical pipette - 2 pcs.
Pipette medical eye - 1 pc.
Rubber pear small( 20 ml) - 1 pc.
Rubber pear with soft tip -1pcs.
Escharma's mug( for setting a cleansing enema) - 1 pc.
Disposable syringes and needles - 5 pcs.
Hemostatic cord - 1 pc.
Scissors with long brushes - 1 pc.
Pin English -5 pcs.
Wooden sticks( length 10 cm) -5 pcs.
Medical jars - 20 pcs.
medium( width 7 cm) -Shit.
wide( width 14 cm) - 2 pcs.
Individual dressing bags - 2 pcs. Cotton wool medical sterile - 50 g
Non-sterile medical cotton wool - 200 g
Gray wool( for compresses) - 200 g
Medical triangular scarf - 1 pc.
Bandage rubber 6x450 mm - 1 pc.
Adhesive plaster in a roll - 1 pc.
Adhesive plaster bactericidal - 2 pcs.
KleiBF-6 or BF-2 -1fl.
Iodine tincture -50 ml or 10 amp.
Ethyl alcohol( wine) 96-degree -100 mh
Diamond green solution - 30 ml
Potassium permanganate in powder -10 g
Boric acid -10 g
Hydrogen peroxide solution( 3%) -100 ml
Magnesium sulphate( English salt) -100 g
Activated carbon( carboline) - 20 tab.
Vaseline oil - 50 g
Buckwheat crusts, or jostera fruit, or senna leaf( laxatives) -100 g
Oak bark, or St. John's wort grass, or blueberry fruit( anti-diarrhea remedy) - 00g
Bicarbonate( drinking) soda -100g
Calming( sedative) remedies
Tincture of valerian or motherwort -100 ml
Collection of medicinal herbs soothing -100 g
Dimedrol -10 tab.
Seduxen or elenium -10 tab.
Ammonia alcohol -10 amp.
Antidote mixture TUM( tannin-1 part, activated carbon-2 parts,
burnt magnesia - 1 part) - 5 pack.on 20 g
Children's cream - 1 tube.
Vaseline - 1 tube.
Multivitamins in dragees( in the winter-spring period) -1pack.
No-shpa - 20 tab.
Camphor oil - 50 g
Camphor alcohol - 50 g
Anesthetic anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agents
Acetylsalicylic acid( aspirin) -20 tablets.
Analgin, or amidopyrine, or baralgin - 20 tablets.
Solution of analgin 50% - 5 amp. Tablets from cough -10 tablets.
Mustards -20 pcs.
Raspberry fruit or lime flowers dried flowers -100 g
Oregano herb, or coltsfoot leaf, or licorice root, or pine buds dried( expectorant and antitussives) -100 g( 1pack.)
Balm Golden Star -1pack.
Validol - 20 tablets.
or 20 cap.
Valocordin or Corvalol - 30 ml
For 100 g of olive or sunflower oil take 1 tbsp. A spoon with the top of a crushed ledum. Infuse 21 days in a dark place, shaking daily. Strain, wring out. Bury 2-3 drops in each nostril for the first time. Then dig in 1 drop 3-4 times a day. Do not more than a week. Runny nose goes away in a few days.
1. 20 g of flowers( fresh) are poured with 200 ml of olive oil and insist for 40 days.1 to 2 teaspoons 30 minutes before meals, 2-3 times a day.
It is used for peptic ulcer and stomatitis, periodontal disease, pharyngitis, as well as for diseases of the bile duct and for kidney stone disease, as an analgesic and anthelmintic.
2. Hypericum oil. Half a glass of fresh flowers and St. John's wort leaves( crushed) insist on a glass of almond, sunflower, olive or linseed oil for three weeks. To wring out, drain. Store in a cool place.
Husband oil is used for burns( radical remedy), even if 2/3 of the body surface is affected;oiled compresses are applied to the affected areas with long-term unhealed wounds, ulcers, abscesses, abscesses, inflammations, loosening of the oral mucosa;grease wounds received from the bite of a healthy dog or cat, rashes on the lips after a cold.
1 g of colored baskets per 100 ml of olive oil. Insist 20-25 days.
Used for wounds and bruises to avoid the formation of scars.
Fresh lily flower petals are taken, put in a dark bottle, poured with chilled boiled vegetable oil and left in a dark place for 2 weeks. Used for burns.
Menthol oil( drugstore) 2% and 4%.It is used in the cold for 2-3 drops in each nostril. Oil the corners of the wings of the nose with a cold. Children under 3 years of age should not be used.
With a headache of colds, with lumbago in the head, with migraine, lubricate with menthol oil forehead, whiskey, crown, behind the ears and behind, under the skull( where the pit).With a beginning cold. Do the same. At night it is very useful to lubricate the respiratory tract( nose) with menthol oil. This excellent disinfection is very refreshing and protects against the common cold.
People who do not tolerate heat in the summer can lubricate the exposed parts of the body( especially the face) with menthol oil, mixed in half with petroleum jelly. Apply a thin layer.
Obtaining sea buckthorn oil at home:
a) from the berries squeeze the juice and defend it in a cold place. The oil settles to the surface during settling, and it is removed. The oil thus obtained is considered to be of the highest quality;
b) the remaining after squeezing the juice cake is additionally ground, poured with vegetable oil, insisted and separated by conventional pressing. This oil is lighter and is much more valuable;
c) squeeze the juice from the berries, the remaining cake is dried, chopped in a coffee grinder, poured with olive oil, insisted for 2-3 weeks, then filtered and stored in a dark place in a dark bottle.
Sea-buckthorn oil is used for radiation injuries of the skin, esophageal cancer.
Assign 1-1.5 teaspoon 2-3 times a day for the entire course of treatment and then another 2-3 weeks in addition after its end.
When treating stomach ulcers, 1 teaspoon is prescribed 2-3 times a day for 30 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 1 month.
In the treatment of cervical erosions, cotton swabs are used, moistened with oil( 5-10 ml per tampon).Tampons are changed daily, extracted after 16-24 hours. In colitis, the course of treatment is 10-15 procedures. With erosion of the cervix 8-12 procedures. If necessary, you can repeat the course of treatment after 1-1,5 months.
Sea buckthorn oil is also used for burns, trophic ulcers and skin diseases. Successfully used with ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, with cracks of the anus, internal hemorrhoids.
It is also taken with genyantritis, with chronic tonsillitis, atherosclerosis.
Fir oil is obtained from needles and young shoots of fir. This valuable extract has long been used by people as a disinfectant, cosmetic and therapeutic agent of very high biological activity. This is an environmentally friendly product, as fir can grow only in the conditions of crystal clear air, free of contamination and smoke from industrial zones. Such places have been preserved in the regions of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Khakassia, Tuva and other regions of Eastern Siberia, where fir oil is being produced.
Below are some recipes for the use of fir oil, which have proved effective in the treatment of many diseases after prolonged medical and folk practices.
Angina. Apply clean oil to the glands using a pipette, a cotton swab, or water with a syringe. Repeat 2 to 5 times a day at intervals of 4-6 hours. In chronic tonsillitis, in addition to lubricating the glands, drip into the nose 1-2 drops of oil. In this case, there will be burning, sneezing, lacrimation, sputum discharge from the nose. After 15-20 minutes, these unpleasant sensations will pass, but the therapeutic effect will be higher.
Inflammation of the lungs( pneumonia), bronchitis. Combine rubbing with inhalation. At home, add 3-4 drops of oil in an enamel saucepan with boiling water, inhale steam, covering your head. After inhalation, grind the breast with oil and cover with a warm blanket. For inhalation, you can also use Mahold's inhaler.
Influenza, ARI and other colds( especially in children).Rub oil into the collar zone of the back, chest, do foot and oil massage on the reflex zones 4-5 times a day in 5-6 hours. After each procedure, wrap the patient with a compress paper, cover with a warm blanket, give a diaphoretic infusion from the collection of herbs, put on warm socks. You can drip drop by drop into each nostril.
Diathesis in children. Mix 1 part of fir oil and 3 parts of baby cream or olive oil with the addition of vitamin C. You can prepare ointment from 3 parts of fir oil, 3 parts of sulfuric ointment and 4 parts of baby cream. Lubricate affected areas of the skin.
Skin diseases. Fir oil has established itself as an excellent wound-healing and anti-burn agent. In many cases, it is enough to soak a napkin and apply it to a wound or a burn. However, with some skin defects or diseases, other methods of treatment are recommended.
Wet eczema. Prepare ointment on any fat basis in the proportion of 3-4 parts of butter and 6-7 parts of fat. Lubricate the affected skin 2 times a day. Treatment is from 8 to 12, sometimes up to 24 days.
Treatment of wounds. Cuts, scratches are lubricated with clean oil to prevent suppuration. Wounds of a large area can not be processed. Third degree burn "A" and "B".
Prepare an emulsion of 3 parts oil and 7 parts spermaceta for naming. In domestic conditions, you can prepare the ointment in the same proportion on any fat basis. Lubricate 2-3 times a day.
Periodontal disease, toothache and other diseases of the oral cavity. Tampon of cotton wool or bandage moisten with oil and attach to a sick tooth or inflamed gum for 10-20 minutes. In case of toothache repeat after 1.5-2 hours;with periodontal disease 15-20 applications are required with repetition of the course after 6 months. With a severe form of periodontal disease, it is permissible to conduct a third course, also after 6 months. Do not burn the mucous membrane!
Fractures, bruises. Rubbing fir oil into the fracture or injury area speeds up the process of bone healing and healing. Inside take mumiye-asil for 0.5 g in the morning and at night. Periodicity of rubbing - 2 times a day.
Radiculitis, plexitis, sciatica, myositis and other diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Rub a small amount of oil into the area of strong pain. The effectiveness of treatment is increased when rubbed after taking a bath or warming up the sick places. The course of treatment 10-15 procedures. The same is recommended for pain and ankle, knee joint.
Rheumatoid polyarthritis, arthritis of the common cold. Rub the pure fir oil in pre-warmed( compress of heated sea salt) joints. After rubbing compress repeat.
Strong cough. Clean the oil from the pipette to the root of the tongue for 3-5 drops in the morning and before going to bed.
Chirii, furuncles, carbuncles, panaricium. Prepare a mixture of 7 parts of fir oil and 3 parts of Vishnevsky ointment. To put the received structure on a bandage and to put to the amazed place, to cover with a compress paper and to fasten. The dressing should be changed 2-3 times a day. In places with rough skin, you can make bandages with a compress made of pure fir oil, but a slight burn is possible.
Women will find in fir oil the ideal cosmetic product, which in a short time will help get rid of wrinkles and flabbiness of the skin due to its rejuvenating effect on the cells of the body. This feature of fir oil is especially felt after taking a hot( 38 ° C) bath with the addition of 3-5 drops: after 15-20 minutes there is a feeling of lightness, youth, fatigue disappears, stress is removed. A longer stay in the fir bath helps to relax the muscles, quickly falling asleep. Sleep at the same time becomes calm and deep.
Such procedures have a beneficial effect on the central nervous system, help get rid of insomnia and neuroses. At the same time, the heterogeneous activity of the cerebral cortex is restored.
Wide possibilities are enclosed in fir oil as a medicinal preparation. In folk medicine, for example, it is successfully used in the treatment of gynecological and urological diseases. Doctors who use fir oil in their practice recommend it in many other cases. Today, the only contraindication to the use of fir oil is the recently discovered embryotoxicity. Therefore, it is not recommended for women during pregnancy.
Spraying fir oil in the premises contributes to the destruction of pathogens, eliminates unpleasant odors in toilets, kitchens, leaves a delicate aroma of coniferous wood in the living and bathroom areas. It is an indispensable natural deodorant, which reduces sweating.
Contraindication: not recommended for people with heart disease and women during pregnancy.
The head of medium-sized garlic is peeled, crushed into gruel. Fold in a glass jar and pour a glass of unrefined sunflower oil. Put in the fridge down. The next day, take the lemon, crumple, cut the bump( from the place where it grows), squeeze out a teaspoon of lemon juice and pour into a tablespoon. Then add a teaspoon of garlic oil, stir.
Take 3 times a day for 30 minutes before a meal. Course from 1 to 3 months, then a month break;repeat the course.
Relieves spasms of cerebral vessels, cardiac spasms, dyspnea, is prescribed for sclerosis. A perfect vasodilator.
The composition of the home medical kit does not include those drugs and special care items that are individually assigned to patients with specific diseases and do not refer to emergency care or general care for patients. In each case of planned treatment of patients at home, the doctor recommends certain medications and medical products( diagnostic and therapeutic), shown only to the patient, which form the basis of the individual treatment.
According to the prescription prescribed by the doctor, everything needed for the patient must be purchased at the pharmacy.
Box with sterile gauze squares or napkins of 9 square centimeters;Each such box is stored in a separate sterile package. Two packages of a sterile bandage five centimeters wide, two packages two centimeters wide. A pack of sterile cotton wool. Sterile patch two centimeters wide. It can be done already, cutting with scissors along it or simply tearing it off the edge. A box with pre-prepared pieces of bandage. A pair of good tweezers or tweezers to extract splinters.
Ask your doctor for advice on antiseptics. A bag of baking soda. Tube or jar with petroleum jelly or any medicine recommended by a doctor for burns. Aspirin in tablets for children( in each tablet one and a quarter of the grain).If you live far from a doctor, ask him if you need to have a vomiting root to induce vomiting in the event of serious poisoning. Rectal thermometer for children under the age of six. Warmer. A syringe with a rubber end, preferably soft, to put the child in an enema, if the doctor prescribes, and cleanse the nose during a cold
The first-aid kit should be out of reach of the child. Some mothers will be surprised, because her baby is still very tiny, and can not walk. But he will not always lie in a crib or sit in an arena, it will be very short time, and he will start to crawl, and then walk. And since, as we have already talked about, his horizons expand with age, the possibilities increase, he can find and pull into the mouth what has been lost in some cracks for a very long time, will be able to reach the "warehouse of beautiful things"one of which necessarily decides to taste. But then it will be too late for mom to change her habits and find a suitable place for medicines. Therefore, the first-aid kit should be placed high enough to be out of reach for the child and lock on the lock so that it can not open it. It must be remembered that even ordinary aspirin, which parents leave carelessly in prominent places, and tranquilizers are the main cause of serious intoxication in young children.
The first-aid kit should be in a dry place, but not above the radiator.
One should be especially cautious in using the medicines contained in it and ruthlessly throw out those of them that have expired.
The first-aid kit for a child should contain:
1) hygroscopic sterile cotton wool, from which you can make wadded flagella for the hygiene of the nose and ears;
2) hygienic sticks for processing the navel and skin( but not the ears and nose!);
3) sterile compresses;
4) bactericidal plaster;
5) the bandages are sterile, wide and narrow;
6) adhesive plaster;
8) tweezers to remove splinters;
9) a rubber bulb for an enema of 200 g and for the introduction of drugs on 50 g;
10) 2-3 vials of hydrogen peroxide for the treatment of umbilical and other wounds;
11) 1 bottle of isotonic sodium chloride solution;
12) 1 bottle of brilliant green;
13) 1 bottle of iodine. Iodine and zelenoku can be replaced by 1 bottle of fucocine, which is used in the treatment of pustular and fungal diseases, it has an antiallergic effect, not to mention that fucortzin is more effective than iodine and zelenka;
14) 1 medical thermometer;
15) 1 bottle of alcohol 90 °( with label);
16) baby soap or bottle with cleansing milk or lotion, baby cream, baby cleansing napkins;
17) 1 bottle of romazulan - means for disinfection of water and skin during bathing;
18) 1 pack of glycerin suppositories for children;
19) 1 tube of Vaseline;
20) paracetamol in the form of tablets or suppositories;
21) 5 packages "Smekty" - first aid for flatulence, bloating;
22) gas outlet pipe;
23) dry medicinal herbs( marigold, chamomile, mint, oregano, turn).
You can also keep in the medicine cabinet the following: 1 box with dressing such as special adhesive paper, which is very useful for small cuts, because it allows you to connect the edges of the wound without suturing;1 package of compresses impregnated with an anticoagulant used for bleeding, especially nasal;ointment or other remedy for burns.
When buying medicines and other medicines at a pharmacy, it is necessary to pay attention to the release date and the expiration date, as well as instructions for use, which stipulate contraindications for use. If the expiration date of the drug is already ending, then it is better not to buy it, and you should not buy drugs that cause anxiety about contraindications and side effects after taking them. In each pharmacy to the buyer, upon request, pharmacists provide quality certificates from which you can find out information about the manufacturer and about testing the drug.
The storage of medicines should also be approached with all responsibility and care. From time to time, you need to review the contents of the medicine cabinet, throwing out everything that clutters it, and adding the missing one. Some medicines persist in certain conditions, others do not.
I would like to give some recommendations on this issue, which will allow you to more correctly treat the medicines stored in the medicine cabinet:
1) the expiration date is indicated on the ampoules, which should not be violated;
2) antibiotics and sulfonamide preparations in tablets or syrups are not recommended for use without doctor's prescription;even if the expiry date has not yet expired, but the treatment has already been completed, it is better to discard them;
3) wafers, tablets, dragees should be stored in a dry place;
4) eye drops, if the vial is open, can be used only for 2 weeks;
5) on ointments: if a liquid flows out of the tube when pressed from the tube, and then the hardened ointment appears, we throw out the tube;If the ointment contains an antibiotic or sulfonamide, you can store it for no longer than one season. Powders should be stored in a dry place;
6) isotonic sodium chloride solution can be stored, but after each use, pipette should be treated with cotton wool soaked with alcohol;
7) about syrups: after the vial is opened, it can be used for several weeks;
8) the candles are stored in a cool place;
9) Unopened drug packages can be stored until the expiration date indicated on them.
Now in the pharmacy you can buy a wide variety of medicines for infants. They are available with various fillers and other additives that improve the taste. Some mothers buy several types of drugs of the same action, so in the medicine cabinet at home you can see a complete mess in the medications, which, if necessary, will cause unnecessary problems with the choice of remedy.
For the presence of many drugs, my mother forgets and buys new ones. First-aid kits are often packed with medicines that will never be used. In this case, it is better to get rid of them, even if once this or that remedy was bought under the prescription of a doctor.
Do you lock a medication cabinet?
Do you put protective caps on the medicine bottles, especially when you place them near the baby?
Are the medicines within reach of the child?
Do you keep Ipecakuanas syrup on hand?(This is an emetic.)
Do you get rid of overdue drugs in time?
Are scissors, razor blades, needles, and the like within the reach of the child?