• OT fifteen to eighteen months: big words

    At this stage of development, children are doing everything the same as in the past, but better.

    Move faster

    The child continues to experiment with his newly acquired walking habits. He

    makes turns and turns, walks with his back and rises the stairs( still holding on to the railing or for someone).As in the case of most skills, the child's desires are superior to his skills;his brain moves faster than his legs. Falls and failures remind the young wanderer that he is still a toddler.

    First run. When a child first runs, how and when he takes the first steps, he does it on straight, stiff legs and eventually falls down. When the child first demonstrates the desire to move from walking to running, take him to a spacious, long, soft section and release him. As soon as the child learns to bend his knees better and lift his feet up higher, he will walk and run faster and will stumble less.

    I'll stop and bend over. The kid can quickly run around the house and suddenly notice a curious toy on the floor. He bends over, raises her and continues on his way. Adding the ability to bend and pick up objects makes the detours at home with treasure collection very enjoyable for a young adventurer.

    Caution: Each new skill has its own positive and negative aspects. Now that the child can bend and pick up with the

    The child can not cope with his impulsive

    desire to climb, so be sure to provide

    with a secure

    territory for this.

    ground items, do not move away from it a single step while walking through littered streets. A curious janitor can start collecting small items from the ground, such as cigarette butts.

    Mountaineering. There is no more chair, no table and no sofa that would not be accessible to a young mountaineer. Respect his desire to climb, providing him with a safe place for this.

    • Pull the chairs under the table to discourage the lover from learning everything that's on the table.

    • Keep furniture that you can climb, away from dangerous items. If there is a chair near the stove, it is not far off to the point of trouble. A child can push a footstool or a small highchair to the stove.

    • Be especially vigilant if your child climbs into a chair,

    rises on it and leans back against the chair to see what's behind it. A visit to the doctor's office is just around the corner.

    • Create a safe area for climbing. To satisfy the beginner climber, we keep in the middle of the room a mattress and mountains of foam cushions. A sports town in the yard is also not interesting for a young climber, and from the mountains of old tires you get a wonderful track for running with obstacles. Another favorite entertainment is a low folding staircase with a hill that satisfies the two main desires of a child of this age: the desire to climb and the desire to ride.

    Take out the chair. To this age the majority of children can independently eat. Give the baby a small highchair and watch how he will climb on it. At first he can climb on his knees, but soon he will understand that this is both uncomfortable and unsafe, because the chair falls. Then he starts to hold it with both hands, sitting on it backwards. To one of our children we gave a small, lightweight fabric folding chair, which he dragged after him a few meters after he managed to sit on him. Perhaps, after he managed to sit on a chair, he did not want to get out of it and then start all over again.

    Remember that it is much safer and fun to omit the adult world.

    . Small chairs and tables are a real pleasure for the baby.

    to the level of the child. A low table with a chair from which the child can not easily get out, plus attention-grabbing toys, such as a designer from interlocking cubes, can make a restless baby sit quietly for a while.

    The first personal vehicle. Children of this age rarely sit quietly, but they sit and drive. Choose for riding a toy on four wheels with a wide base, with which the child is easy to manage. Before you buy it, take your child with you to the toy store to try out a wheelchair. If the child is still learning to drive, his first trips should take place on the carpet to fall softer.

    Moving games

    Kids and parents like to play outdoor games. Here are the most popular:

    Give me five. This is the best of the "ladushki" varieties has many options: one hand, two hands, give five high, give five low and give five too slowly, when the kid can not slap your moving hand. This is a good game in order to surprise the kid suddenly and turn it into communication or to distract from the prose.

    Horseback riding. Kids love to skate with their dad on their shoulders, but do not forget to bend over, passing through doorways or under chandeliers, and never carry a child under the ceiling fans.

    Tick-on. Take the child for both feet and swing back and forth like a pendulum.

    Other favorite pastimes. Get on your dad, climb through dad, horseback riding, hide and seek and copying adults' tricks - these are other games that give kids great joy.

    First serve. As with cubes, the more a child becomes, the more balls become. Look at how your baby throws the ball, standing on one knee and resting one foot on the floor;he makes a throw from the shoulder, and this is a big advance compared to the previous stage, when the throw was carried out only by the forearm.

    Throws hands and feet. Watch out, kids playing basketball and football! Now the kid can do both of these sports. He can throw the ball from the arm position at the chest or through the head with more force. Think about the learning value of a simple ball. When a young provider learns to make the cast most effectively, he needs to figure out when to release the ball, in which direction to send it, with what force and what parts of the body to tap into it.

    Kicking the ball around the yard is your favorite game. The first blows on the ball with the foot are often misses. At first the kid can approach the ball very timidly, hardly touching it with his foot. Sometimes a kick can end with a fall and a puzzled expression on the child's face, as if someone had taken the ball from under the attacker's legs.

    Pull out the big tools. Kids adore such activities and such gaming accessories that allow them to imitate the life of adults in miniature. Children between the ages of one to two have the skills necessary to push, pull, beat and pour. Matthew at this age spent his hours pushing his toy lawnmower in front of him, like a dad cutting his grass. Funny for this age are toys that need to be pulled or

    to push, such as baby strollers. Toys, which need to hammer toy nails with toy nails, are ideal for a beginner carpenter. From a small watering can the baby can water the flowers.

    activities and difficult tasks of

    milking development

    As the motor skills of the child's hands develop, toys become more complex. In addition to the fact that now the baby builds taller towers from a larger number of larger cubes( usually four cubes is the limit for a young builder), he shows interest in mating cubes and constructors.

    Sort by size. Cylinders and rings of different sizes are now becoming a favorite toy due to the appearance in the child of such an intellectual skill as composing the mind in the mind before touching the objects with hands. Look at the concentrated and attentive expression of your child's face when he puts on rings of different sizes on the rod. Initially, he can impulsively throw rings on the rod, not paying any attention to the size. However, as the intellectual skills and motor skills mature, he begins to place the largest ring from below.

    The development of hand mechanics leads the

    to more complex toys that also

    stimulates the intelligent development of


    Toys for hands The combination of a sharper mind and more clever hands helps the kid to correctly use objects while holding them in his hands. Previously, the things he held in his hands were meant to knock them. Now, for example, he can use a plastic fork and spoon to eat alone.

    However, the child wants not only his toys, but also the "toys" of adults. It seems to him a razor, especially when the kid sees what a delightful dirt his father breeds with his help. Boxes for a baby are like a red rag for a bull, especially those boxes in which you keep your own "toys".That the child does not climb into your boxes, allocate to it its own and

    provide a cycling of toys in this box to support the child's interest.

    The first lessons of fine art. Pencil sketches on your walls are clear signs that a kid with artistic inclinations is on the loose. For the first drawing lesson, give your child an easily held non-toxic pencil and a large sheet of white paper in his hand. Or hold a sheet, or glue it to the table. If your young artist tries to hold a paper with one hand and creates his first masterpiece with one hand, it will be too difficult for him and discourage him. The first pictures are chaotic lines, the so-called scribbles. The kid holds a pencil in his fist and holds the lines back and forth, sometimes drawing an arc, and to sign his creation, sticks the tip of the pencil into the paper.

    Give the child a simple pencil on paper before handing over his artistic skills to him. When the child learns to control his unsteady hand and begins to think before drawing another quenching( you determine it by the thoughtful expression of his face), it's time for the next drawing lesson. Let the kid copy your sketches. First, draw a simple vertical line and show the kid, directing his hand, like

    to hold near the same. Then draw a horizontal line and show how to repeat it. Then draw a V, then a semicircle and gradually go to the full circle, which the child may not be able to draw himself until it turns two years, after which the real drawing really begins.

    Speech development

    Speech development at this stage can be broadly described as the most favorite word of the child - a lot.

    Many words. The speech of the child blooms with a violent color: if at fifteen months he had only about ten words, then at eighteen months he already has as many as fifty, although many of the sounds can still be analyzed only by the parents. A curious exercise in order to fix the speech development of your child is to keep the table "Word of the day".Write down a new word that the child said today.

    Many coherent words. The rudiments of words turn into whole words, as the child begins to finish them."Before" finally turns into a "house".

    Many syllables. The child's speech is extended. If earlier he had spoken short words consisting of one

    syllable, now he puts together short words: "ready", "bye-bye", "no-no".Now the child can dare and to polysyllabic words, and from what comes out of his mouth, the laughter of others just rolls over. Our family was particularly amused over Ben-Ben-Ben instead of Benjamin.

    Much understands. Children of this age are more drawn into the conversations that take place around them. One day Martha told Erin, Matthew's older sister, that she should go upstairs and bring dirty laundry, because today is a big washday. I noticed that the fifteen-month-old Matthew strove very purposefully upstairs, behind a basket with linens. He took a few things out of the basket and walked back to Martha. He caught the essence of the conversation, although he did not directly treat him.

    The first proposals of

    The first phrases and sentences of the child resemble a mean telegram or today's newspaper headlines - only nouns or only nouns and action verbs such as "So far, bibika"."So far" is associated with the child's exit from home( because you say so when you leave), and "bibika" - with a moving object that carries it from one world to another. A child can even begin a two-word sentence with an "I", for example "I go".By this construction, his conversational skills give him the opportunity to express the desire in the first person, and in his hands is an instrument through which he can use the surrounding adults as sources of help to meet their desires. I once played with Matthew, kissing his legs and toes. When I stopped, he looked at me and said: "More. .. kiss. .. fingers."The kid gives out the skeleton of the full sentence and allows the interlocutor to insert the missed words.

    Responding to words without gestures

    Children of this age not only speak with signal words, they think so. When I said "let's go," the eighteen-month-old Matthew grabbed his sweater and ran to the door. For a child from fifteen to eighteen months, the language is a combination of gestures and sounds. At the previous stage of development, most children do not fulfill the request, if it is not expressed by sounds and gestures( that is, you say "Give it to your father" - and point with your hand).By the age of eighteen months, children can understand most of the verbal signals without accompanying gestures.

    Conversational skills of the

    Now the child is better able to stick the label words to his favorite everyday activities, especially during the

    feeding, and continues to give signals about feeding both verbal and body language. A kid can pull you by a blouse so you give him a breast, demanding "yum-yum," or whatever he calls it. Children often say greetings, for example say "ayo"( allo), when they pick up the phone of the caller. Many words from those that you have repeated hundreds of times in the previous stage, now return to you during communication in everyday situations, such as dressing up. One day, when I undressed Matthew before going to bed, he pulled himself by the T-shirt and said: "Up."He remembered the association between this word and this action( we usually told him before removing the T-shirt: "Hands up") and could recall it from memory.

    New concepts of

    Words make it easier to teach caution and hygienic procedures. Many children by this age understand the meaning of the word "hotly".When you put a plate in front of the child and say: "Hot," the child can keep away from the plate carefully and look at the plate with a look of full respect, while whispering something resembling "hotly", just like you, stretching the word to attractattention to danger. When you say, "Let's change the diaper," the child can show that he understands you by looking down at his diaper, pulling at him and coming to you or running away from you.

    In addition, a child of this age, as a rule, can point to their older brothers and sisters and call them. The older children naturally contribute to the child's speech development, constantly asking him: "Say it again."

    The main intellectual and verbal achievement is the concept of "another", beginning with the parts of the body. The child can point to the ear when you ask: "Where is our ear?" - and then point to the ear on the other side, when you add: "And where do we have another ear?"

    The first songs of

    Singing brings a fountainchild delightful musical note. A kid can start purring something under his breath, staying in his happy little world of sound and play. Catch those hilarious sounds on the tape while you can. These are the sounds from which I would like the child never to grow up.


    Joining words with actions is a language skill that blossoms in the middle of the second year: the "ray" is accompanied by the raising of the child's hands, which is a gesture "Take me by the hand";"Shshsh", accompanied by a forefinger attached to the lips, calls for silence;"No-no-no!", Which can not be avoided anywhere, is accompanied by a hard and often comical head shaking, or, if the child's negative attitude is very strong, frowning eyebrows and bulging lips, and the kid with such a stern expression shakes his finger in front of younose, repeating: "No, no, no!" Perhaps he copies those scolding that he himself received. At this age, kids also like gesture games, such as "so big."Even when a child can not find the right words, his gestures at this stage are much clearer. For example, once, when we all sat at the table, before Matthew put a plate on which next to the main dish was a little cranberry sauce. He made gestures and pronounced some sounds that made us understand: "I need a spoon."Although he did not say a word that he had in mind, it was quite obvious. If you have any doubts about what the child likes to do and what not, look closely and listen to his body language. I once slammed Matthew on the ass, and when I stopped, he reached out his hand and patted himself several times, letting me know that he wanted me to keep popping it.

    Changes in Parental Speech

    When a child begins to speak more like an adult, you can catch yourself by saying that less talk like a small child. You can now return to your normal tone, as the child understands what you are saying to him, without exaggerated intonations and the transition to a high, squeaky voice.