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  • Growing grapes seedlings bypassing the school

    Tubing master. The uterine bush, formed by a short-horned shape, is cut short, leaving at the base of its knots 2-3 eyes long. When green shoots reach 25-30 cm in length, weak shoots and twins are removed, and the remaining ones grow to 5-7 cm.

    Soil for hilling should be loose and rich in nutrients( add humus, sand, superphosphate).When the length of the shoots reaches 50-60 cm, the bitten part of the bush is watered and the roller is brought to a height of 30 cm. Then rapidly growing shoots at a height of 60-70 cm are minted in order to regulate their growth and strengthen the root formation. Care during the summer consists in chasing shoots 2-3 times as they grow, watering, removing weeds, correcting rollers, protecting them from pests and diseases.

    Rooting annual shoots to obtain seedlings by hilling the bushes

    In autumn, rooted shoots are broken off and the pruner is separated from the uterine plants. In the earth there are only small hemp, from which the next year grow sprouts again.

    To obtain grafted seedlings on the shoot, grafts are made by simple copulating or oculir - one of the most ancient methods of grapes reproduction. In spring along the row, dig a groove for the length of the retracted vine, about 10 cm deep, well loosen and water, the vine pre-furrow through the internodes for better root formation, and keep the eyes still. Each node with an eye develops shoots and roots in the future. Uterine bush underload to 50% of the norm.

    The vine laid in the groove is pinned and densely sprinkled with fertilized soil, which is watered and mulched. At the end of the vine, a pole is placed to indicate its overall length.

    "Chinese" layer

    The dismemberment of the rooted cuttings into individual seedlings

    During the summer, the spouts are watered 2-3 times a month, the weeds are removed, sprayed, the shoots appear tied to the temporary support, and with intensive growth, they mint at a height of 60-70 cm.

    In autumn, after aging shoots, the layers are separated from the common vine and used as planting material.

    With a weak development of young shoots, the broods are left for the second year, covering it for the winter in the areas of covering viniculture and bored with unrooted culture. In spring, each shoot is cut off leaving 2-3 eyes for forcing strong shoots. In case of danger, freezing of the leavers is taken out, separated from the bush, stored, and in the spring cut and planted in a schoolchild to grow.

    If by the end of June the shoots on the layer reach a length of more than 1 m, they are also used as second-order layers. To do this, digging grooves against each shoot, laying green shoots in them, cutting off the leaves from the bottom, and sprinkling with a mixture of soil, humus, sand. The end of the shoot is left above the ground and tied to the peg. Then the layers are watered and mulched. Water the layers periodically to the first half, and when the drought and until the end of August. The coinage is carried out during the period of attenuation of growth. In the autumn, the layers are excavated, beginning with the final ones, and cut into separate seedlings.

    Dismantling of rooted cuttings into individual seedlings