What is hydradenitis, treatment and methods of its diagnosis?
Mar 15, 2018
Hydradenitis belongs to the category of diseases, which are accompanied by rather unpleasant symptoms. This disease affects the sweat glands, causing their purulent inflammation. Most often, the disease affects axillary cavities. In rare cases, the disease affects other areas of the body, on which there are many sweat glands. For example, hydradenitis can occur in the area of the anus or labia.
The appearance of hydradenitis provokes intense sweating. In addition, the cause of the disease may also be the disregard for personal hygiene and itching dermatosis. It is worth noting that in most cases, hydradenitis reddening of the skin in the affected areas, and strong discomfort sensations.
Symptoms and course of the disease
The most pronounced sign of development in a patient with hydradenitis is the formation of a seal in the armpit, when pressed, painful sensations arise. With the development of the disease, the size of the seal increases. When visual examination of the affected area, no signs of the disease are invisible, and an easy tumor is only determined by palpation.
Similar painful seals develop in other places affected by the disease. Failure to comply with the rules of personal intimate hygiene can lead to the formation of hydradenitis in the labia. It is logical that the hydradenitis in the groin is not treated in a timely manner, can lead to serious complications.
In the absence of disease prevention at the first appearance of such symptoms, hydradenitis will continue to develop. Signs of this disease should also include a permanent poor state of health, a weak and passive condition, tenderness. Rarely with hydradenitis, there is a fever and a frequent headache.
For further stages of the disease is characterized by a more intense manifestation of its symptoms - the affected areas turn red. In the place of the appearance of the seal, the skin becomes noticeably inflamed. With the course of the disease, a tumor appears, within which pathological processes occur.
As the disease progresses, the compaction is softened, and then purulent pathological contents are released from it. Of course, it is better not to bring the disease to such a state and see a doctor much earlier.
Treatment and prevention of the disease
If you find the first symptoms of such a disease as hydradenitis treatment should be carried out immediately in order to prevent the transition of the disease into a chronic form. Chronic hydradenitis is characterized by a prolonged course and requires surgical treatment. Allow the disease to develop after it is found its first symptoms - is unacceptable.
After the appearance of clinical signs of the disease, you should consult a doctor. A fairly good effect is given by antibiotics with hydradenitis, however only specialists can prescribe specific drugs. It is inadmissible to use any medication without a doctor's prescription. When diagnosing a disease such as hydradenitis, treatment with antibiotics from the sulfonamide group is a standard procedure that not only can stop the development of the disease, but also prevent its transition to a chronic recurrent form.
In the chronic form of the disease, in addition to antibiotics, the patient is also prescribed fortifying agents and specific immune therapy. Local use of dry heat and UHF.A fairly good effect is observed when the infiltrate is chipped with an antibiotic solution in novocaine. More information about how to treat hydradenitis can be consulted by a doctor.
If hydradenitis is at the stage of abscess formation, the patient is shown surgical treatment. Under the operative intervention here is meant the opening of the abscess by a small incision on the surface of the affected area. This method of treatment avoids the spread of purulent inflammation and the development of more serious complications.
For the prevention of hydradenitis, it is sufficient to observe a few simple rules. First of all, cuts in the armpits and personal hygiene should be avoided. In addition, the disease can be provoked by antiperspirant residues, so it is recommended to wash them in the evening and leave the skin clean for the night.
Methods of treatment with folk remedies
There are quite effective folk methods for the treatment of hydradenitis, but they are recommended to be used only at the initial stage of the disease. For example, a good result is a compress made from sour cream, which consists of sour cream, rye and wheat flour. This cake should be applied to the affected area at night until the symptoms disappear. After the procedure, the affected area should be wiped with alcohol.
It should be noted that with such a disease - treatment at home can not give the expected effect. In this case, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will choose more effective methods of treatment and, if necessary, prescribe certain medications.