Useful and medicinal properties of common linseed( gills, wild leni)
Jun 19, 2018
Linseed is a herbaceous plant 30-60 cm high. The whole plant is naked, covered with a bluish waxy coating, which protects the linseed from excessive evaporation. Leaves are alternate, sessile, lanceolate-linear. Since the leaves are narrow, slightly obscure, they sit very densely on the stem. The corolla of the flower is bilabiate, pale yellow, with an orange spot on the lip and with a spur. Stamens 4, 2 of them shorter, 2 longer. Blooms all summer until autumn.
grows on weedy, humid places, fields, steppes, among bushes.
In the southern part there is another closely related species - draconite lepherin, which does not have medicinal value. The latter differs from ordinary linseed with the following features: a plant with an erect erect top with a paniculate-branchy stem, also with a bluish wax coating. Flowers are pale yellow, small, collected in a thin brush. Seeds without membranous margin.
Indications: inflammatory diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
Procurement and storage:
Dosage form: for preparation of infusion 2 tbsp.l.herbs pour 2 cups of boiling water and insist 2-Zch. Take in the evening for 2-4 st.l.
For the medicinal purposes, the herb of the flaxen is used. Procurement of raw materials is made during flowering, in July-August, cutting the grass 5-6 cm from the ground. Dry in the shade so that the raw material had a 14% moisture content. In the fresh state, the grass has an unpleasant smell, intensifying upon drying, the taste is sharp, brackish-bitter.
Aboveground organs of flaxseed( stems and leaves) are poisonous!
In the grass contains alkaloid peganin, an unknown glycoside, cleavable hydrocyanic acid, flavone glycosides linarin, neolinarine, etc., ascorbic acid and other organic acids.
In medical practice, a liquid extract is used for hemorrhoids and as a laxative;very rarely with skin diseases;Outwardly used so-called zhabrejnaya ointment, which is an alcohol extract from the grass, mixed with lard( alcohol is removed when heated in a water bath).Preparations of linseed( extract and infusion) were tested with a positive effect in the clinic as a laxative for intestinal atony, flatulence and prolonged constipation. In experiments on pork ascarids, their antihelminthic effect was also established. Alkaloid peganin has a strong stimulating effect on the smooth muscles of the intestine and uterus and has a cholagogue effect.
It is necessary to remember the poisonous properties of linseed and handle it carefully.
In folk medicine linseal is used as a gentle laxative, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, diuretic, choleretic, regulating the functional activity of the stomach and intestinal tract;broth washed out sick eyes, rinse throat with sore throat;infusion of grass on warm water make lotions for fungal diseases, from lichens, scrofula and jaundice;for a better hair growth, the head is washed in the infusion.
It is known that linen helps with constipation, even chronic( if the drugs from it take a long time), with bloating with pain and atony( weakness of the intestine).Such drugs are recommended for diarrhea and urinary incontinence.
In people with flatulence, liver and kidney diseases drink broth and tea from the grass of linseed( without dosage, brew approximately 10 g per 200 ml).In the latter case, it is better to use preparations made from linseed mixed with cumin sand and corn stigmas( corn hair).
Preparations from the grass of linseed are sometimes consumed inside as an antihemorrhoeic remedy, but most often externally with various skin diseases and hemorrhoids.
Infusion: 1 teaspoon of dried herbs are brewed with a glass of boiling water, after cooling, filter and drink 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day. As a laxative - 2-3 teaspoons a night.
Broth-mixture in diseases of the liver and kidneys: take even the grass of the linseed, the flowers of caraway seeds and "hair" of corn, mix and brew 2 tsp of this mixture into a glass of boiling water;take 1 tablet inside.spoon 3 times a day.
Broth-mixture for the eyes: 20 grams of herb flax, blue cornflower and elderberry flowers, pour 2 cups of boiling water;insist 8 hours, strain through the canvas and apply as a lotion or drops. These drugs reduce inflammation, eliminate suppuration and improve vision.
Ointment is simple: 2 parts of herb linseed( in powder) mixed with 5 parts of pork fat, long soar, then squeeze. When hemorrhoids simultaneously give an extract or infusion as a laxative.