Why there is inflammation of the pelvis and how to treat it
Pyelitis is called urological pathology, which is characterized by the development of the inflammatory process in the kidneys. A similar pathology develops in a person regardless of his age. Most often inflammation of the renal pelvis is diagnosed in girls between the ages of two and five, due to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of their body.
The most common pathology develops due to an infectious lesion rising from the lower part of the ureters - the ureters, the bladder or the canal. Anomalies in the development of the urinary system and the presence of stones can also provoke infection and exacerbation of inflammation.
Another causative agent of the pyelitis can be the E. coli, which penetrates the human body through the lymphatic system. In addition, almost any inflammation can cause pyelitis especially if there are accompanying problems in the work of the genitourinary system.
Symptoms of the disease
The main manifestations of the disease include the following:
- Acute lower back pain, in the pubic region and perineal areas.
- Frequent urination accompanied by acute pain. Because of the presence of pus in the urine, it takes on a dark murky hue.
- Strong increase in body temperature and chills in the acute form of pyelitis.
In the patient's urine, leukocytes are usually found in large quantities. This indicates the onset of the inflammatory process in the kidneys.
Pyelitis can be acute or chronic. In acute course there is severe pain in the lumbar region from one or both sides. With a slight impact, the pain becomes more intense. Also, pathology is often accompanied by severe headaches, increased body temperature and nausea.
Chronic pyelitis occurs secretly, and it is detected only through urinalysis. To signs of a chronic form of pyelitis can be attributed to light pain in the lower back. Frequent headaches and periodic increase in body temperature.
Diagnosis of the disease
The doctor diagnoses on the basis of signs of the disease, conducting cystoscopy and urinalysis. The acute form is diagnosed more difficult due to the similarity of manifestations with malaria, cholecystitis, kidney tuberculosis, therefore, additional examination is required - radiography, sowing and gynecological examination.
Manifestations of the chronic form of the disease are similar to those of urolithiasis, which may require a radiographic examination of the kidneys.
Treatment of the disease
Initially, the treatment of this disease is based on the observance of the rules of hygiene and nutrition. The patient should use more dairy and plant products. It is forbidden to drink alcoholic beverages, fatty, spicy, smoked food, and also salt.
After appropriate tests, the patient is prescribed antibiotic drugs and sulfonamides. It is also recommended to take warm baths for twenty minutes, to warm up the kidneys with warmers.
The folk remedies that render a diuretic and disinfectant effect - juniper tincture, decoction of cranberry leaves, horsetail field etc., help in the treatment of pyelitis.
Surgical intervention is performed only with the development of inflammation of the renal pelvis due to serious congenital anomalies of the urinary tract.
With timely access to the hospital, the course of therapy will last from two to three days, and then recovery almost always comes. But when the disease starts, Pielit takes a chronic course and his treatment is delayed for many years.
Prevention of the disease
The main means of preventing the development of pyelitis is compliance with the rules of hygiene of the genitourinary system. It is required to use daily special antibacterial means for intimate hygiene. Also, you should use a complex of vitamins, which improve the work of immunity.