Useful and medicinal properties of the skullcap of Baikal
Jun 14, 2018
Perennial herbaceous plant 15-35 cm high. The root is vertical, long, thick, fleshy, branchy. Stems a few, erect or upright, tetrahedral, almost bare, at the base blushing, branched. Leaves opposite, ovate-lanceolate, short-petioled, entire. The flowers are blue, large, bilabiate, in a one-sided olive brush. Fruit - nutlets, black, finely chuffed. Blossoms in June-July.
The helmet of the Baikal in the Southeast does not grow. Occurs in Eastern Siberia and the Far East. It grows on dry slopes, steppes, deposits.
Medicinal raw materials are rhizomes and roots. They contain flavonoids of Baikalin, hydrolytically splitting into glucuronic acid, Baikalein and Sco-Tallarin;wagon, tannins, pyrocatechol group and resin.
Experimental and clinical studies have established that the preparations of the Baikal skullcap are little toxic. Roots have a calming effect on the nervous system and reduce blood pressure, in addition have a vasodilating effect with increased vascular tone. For the treatment of hypertension use tincture( 20% on 70 ° alcohol).The tincture has the property of increasing strength and slowing the contractions of the heart, lowering the tone and eliminating the spasms of the smooth muscles of the intestine. In the clinic, the preparations of the Baikal skullcap have established themselves as valuable hypotensive and soothing agents.
The main indications for the use of the Baikal skullcap in the clinic are the initial forms of hypertension, functional disorders of the nervous system that occur with the phenomena of increased excitability, insomnia. When taking sculp-medications in patients, lowers arterial pressure, headaches disappear, head noise, unpleasant sensations in the heart, sleep recovers, and work capacity increases.
Due to the calming effect, the tincture of the Baikal skullcap is much superior to the valerian tincture.
In the medicine of the eastern countries( China), the rhizome of the skullcap is widely used as a restorative, sedative and antipyretic agent. It is also prescribed for functional disorders of the central nervous system, epilepsy, chorea, insomnia, heart diseases( acute rheumatic carditis, myocarditis), as an antipyretic, as a calming cough remedy for pneumonia, bronchitis, whooping cough. The Baikal skullcap is known in China as an anthelmintic. It is used to treat dysentery.
In domestic folk medicine, the Baikal skullcap is used to treat myocarditis( inflammation of the heart muscle), with frequent palpitations, elevated blood pressure, like antihelminthic, hemostatic and antipyretic.
Tincture 25%: 25 drops 3 times daily before meals. It is a transparent reddish-brown liquid of a peculiar bitter taste. Tincture is well tolerated by patients and with prolonged use does not give side effects.
There is another type of skullcap - an ordinary skullcap. This is also a medicinal plant, which is widespread almost everywhere. Preparations from it are used in people with bleeding.