Mushrooms of deciduous forests
Jun 09, 2018
The deciduous forest is a forest in which there are no coniferous trees. This type of forest is widespread in humid areas with mild winters. In the soils of deciduous forests, a thick layer of litter is not formed, because a warm and humid climate promotes the rapid decomposition of plant remains.
Under larch forests are meant forests where larch grows.
Extensive deciduous forests can be found only in the mountains. At present, attempts are being made to destroy pine forests and lowlands with larch. Single larch can be found in almost all types of forests and accompanied by mushrooms that form mycorrhizas with this tree. Two important species are the larch oily larvae and the polovochkov moss, both edible.
But other kinds of tubular mushrooms can accompany larch. The remaining fungi that occur under these trees roughly correspond to those that grow in pine forests.
Mushroom bright golden yellow. The hat can reach in diameter from 4 to 10 cm. The leg of the buttercup is fleshy, with a yellowish white ring. Flesh white, watery, at the base of the legs is dark, has a pleasant taste and smell.
Only grows under the larch from the middle of summer and autumn. There you can also find a red-oil butterfly, which is very similar to larch.
Mushroom cap is yellowish brown or brown. Tubular layer is yellow, then greenish-yellow. Leg is brownish, hollow. The flesh is yellowish, white in stem, reddish at the base of the foot. It grows only under larch in summer and autumn.
The mushroom hat is yellow-orange, with rusty-red color, with fine radial scales. Diameter - from 5 to 15 cm. Tubular layer is orange-red. Leg fleshy, with a whitish ring, tight-felt. Flesh yellow, at the base of the foot is brownish, has sour taste. The fungus can be found under the larch in summer and autumn.
A mixed forest is a forest in which different types of trees grow that do not form homogeneous forest communities. Marshy soil is predominantly birch or alder. These species of trees are usually mixed forests, but there you can also meet coniferous trees.
Mixed forests are of particular interest for mushroom pickers, because here each tree species is accompanied by its fungus. Here you can find a podberezovik, an oiler, a moss, an arbor, russula, etc. The variety of mushrooms growing in mixed forests is great. But some species of mushrooms are not represented in mixed forests because of the quality of the soils of these areas.