Useful and medicinal properties of jealous
Jun 06, 2018
Large perennial herbaceous plant up to 3 m tall. Stem erect, branched at the top. The leaves of
are large, palmate-separated with pinnately-divided lobes, long-petiolate, cauline, sessile. The flowers are small, collected in a thick apical olive brush. Fruits are trihedral winged nuts.
Rhubarb in the wild in the southeast does not occur. Cultivated in some collective farms, state farms of the Ministry of Health. Motherland - Central and Eastern Asia.
For the medicinal purpose, rhizomes and roots are used. Collection of rhizomes is performed from plants aged 3 to 4 years, mainly in summer. Raw material wets outdoors, and then dried in dryers.
Roots and rhizomes contain tannaglycosides, which include crikogallin, tetrarin and anthroglucose, which include rheochrysin and chryphophanein, which breaks down into chryphonic acid and glucose. In addition to anthraglucosides, their aglucones are freely released from the plant: reemodin, direcine, rabarberon, chrysophanic acid, fision, etc.
Vitamin C, rutin, organic acids and many potassium salts are found in leaves and flowers. In young leaves anthracene derivatives were not found.
In scientific medicine, preparations from rhizome roots and rhizomes are used to treat certain gastrointestinal diseases: with habitual constipation, intestinal atony, flatulence. The effect of drugs depends on the dose. When small doses are used, an astringent opposing action is found. Large doses increase peristalsis, mainly of the large intestine. Rhubarb preparations also have an antiseptic effect. Therefore, they can be used for dyspepsia and chronic inflammation of the intestine. In addition, the rhubarb has a choleretic effect and contributes to an increase in appetite. Appointed as a powder, dry extract, water or wine tinctures, syrup. It is part of the cholagogue tea.
In folk medicine, rhubarb is used as a laxative for the treatment of stomach catarrh with insufficient acidity. In doses 2-3 times less laxatives are used as opposable, 10 times less than laxatives - as choleretic, as well as for sclerosis.
In Russia, more than 20 types of rhubarb grow and cultivate with a decorative and food purpose.
Young juicy leaves, petioles containing many salts of potassium, oxalic acid, citrine and vitamin C, are used for food. Rhubarb ripens early - in May from it soups, salads, jelly, compotes, stuffings for pies are prepared.